Myths and Legends of China

Page: 190

Dependencies of China, 27

Dêva. General designation of the gods of Brahmanism, 198

Dharma. Fa Pao, the Law, in Buddhism, 119. See Vairotchana

Diamond Kings of Heaven, The Four. See Chin-kang

Dipper. See Great Bear

Distribution. Internal, 48; external, 49

Divine Archer. Shên I, or Ch’ih-chiang Tzŭ-yü, 180 sq.

Divine Husbandman. See Shên Nung

Divorce. Reasons for, 23

Dog-s. Jung tribe with heads of, 20; shooting the Heavenly, 178; legend of Jung tribe, 419 sq.

Domestic Institutions. Marital, 22 sq.; filial, 26; domestic customs and habits, 47

Door-gods. See Mên Shên

Dragon-s. Symbol of, on Manchu flag, 28; P’an Ku with head of, 78; Blue—see Blue Dragon; Fêng Po, God of the Wind, 205; are spirits of the waters, 208; generally beneficent, 208; essence of yang principle; evil dragons are Buddhist, 208; nagas, mountain dragons, 208; chief of the scaly reptiles, 208; description and properties of, 208 sq.; Buddhist, 210; fêng-shui and, 209; legend of the foolish, 212; spirits in charge of Salt Waters, 212; spirits in charge of Sweet Waters, 212; spirits in charge of Secondary Waters, 212; legend of Ch’in Shih Huang-ti and the, 212 sq.; Chang Tao-ling and the, 217; Hsü Chên-chün and the, 222 sq.; a spiritual alligator, 224; and drought in Peking, 232 sq.

Dragon-boat Festival. Origin and nature of, 152

Dragon-king-s. The Sea-dragon Kings, the Chinese Neptunes; three daughters of, mothers of the San Kuan, 126; description of, 212; Ao Ch’in and the Eight Immortals, 214 sq.; legend of Dragon-king’s daughter, 217 sq.; and Li No-cha, 307 sq.

Dragon-tiger Mountain. Abode of family of Chang Tao-ling, 142

Dream of the South Branch.” Nan k’o mêng, 410; story of, 410 sq.

Dualism. In early cosmogony, 83; I ching and, 84; yin-yang system of, 85; illustrated by pantheon, 93

Du Bose. Cited, 99

Duke of Thunder. See Lei Kung


Earlier Spirit Festival, 44

Earth. Gods of the, 46; the Earth-mother, 165. See also Soil and Ti

Earth-dumb. Ti-ya, or Ti-mu, the Earth-mother; one of the attendants of Wên Ch’ang, 110

Earth-mother. Ti-ya, Ti-mu, or Hou-t’u, 165. See also Earth-dumb

Eastern Air, Sovereign of The, 137

Eastern Palace. Residence of T’ai I, star-spirit, 143

Ecclesiastical Institutions, 34 sq.

Education. Stereotyped at an early age, 37; restricted to study of the classics, 37; competitive examination system of, 38; modern, 38

Eight Immortals. See Pa Hsien

Eight Trigrams. See Pa Kua and Trigrams

Eighteen Provinces. China Proper, 27

Elam. Probable origin of Chinese in, 17

Elephant, White, 286

Emperor-s. Yü Huang, the Jade Emperor, 130, and see Yü Huang; ‘Throne of the Five,’ 176 Page 434

Emptiness and Devastation. Hsü Hao, a demon; exorcism of, 250

Environments of the Chinese. Inorganic, 19; organic, 20; sociological, 21

Epidemics. Gods of, 240 sq.; myths of, 240 sq.; Ministry of Seasonal, 241; God of Epidemics afflicts Miao Chuang, 274

Equinoxes. Festivals of the, 44

Êrh-lang. Helps to capture Sun Hou-tzŭ, 331

Examinations. Literary, as means of appointment to office, 29

Exchange. By barter, 49; coins, 49; weights and measures, 49

Exorcism-ists. The wu, 34; Ministry of, 248; gods of, 249; of ‘Emptiness and Devastation,’ 249

Expectant Wife. Legend of the, 392

Extinguisher. Sun Hou-tzŭ and the, 365


Fa Pao. Dharma, the Law, one of the San Pao of Buddhism, 119

Fan-s. Use of, 47; the Fire-quenching, 359 sq.

Fanning the Grave. Story of Chuang Chou and the widow, 149

Favourable-wind Ear. See Shun-fêng Êrh

Feast. Of Lanterns, 44; of Peaches, P’an-t’ao Hui, 138. See also Festival-s

Feathered People. Legend of, 390

Fei, Lady. Concubine of Mêng Ch’ang, 178. See Hua-jui Fu-jên

Fei Lien. See Fêng Po

Fêng Hou. And Chuang Chou, 150

Fêng Lin. Vanquished by No-cha, 153

Fêng Po. God of the Wind; and Shên I, 205; legend of, 205; a stellar divinity, 204; a dragon, Fei Lien, 205

Fêng Shên T’ai. Chiang Tzŭ-ya builds, for List of Promotions to Immortals, 157

Fêng Shên Yen I.” Legends in, 320 sq.

Fêng-shan. Sacrifices offered on T’ai Shan by Ch’êng Tsung, 127

Fêng-shui, Doctrine of, 54; dragons connected with, 209

Festival-s, 43 sq.; Mid-autumn (All Souls’ Day), 45; New Year, 43; of Lanterns, 44; of the four seasons and their equinoxes and solstices, 44; Earlier Spirit, 44; of the Tombs, 44; Middle Spirit, 44; Later Spirit, 44; Dragon-boat, 152; Chung Yang (kite-flying), 45; New Year’s Eve, 45

Feudal Period. Duration of, 18; administrative system in, 29; ecclesiastical institutions in, 34 sq.; professional institutions in, 36; accessory institutions in, 37

Feudal States. Subjugated by Ch’in, 27

Finger-nails. Worn long by literary and leisured classes, 47

Fire. Ch’ih Ching-tzŭ an alleged discoverer of, 199; myths of, 236 sq.; Ministry of, 236; God of, burns Hsi Ch’i, 237; Ch’ih Ching-tzŭ a personification of, 237; Ch’ih Ti, the Red Emperor, 238; Hui Lu, 239; Shên Nung, 239; the Fire-quenching Fan, 359 sq.

Fire-quenching Fan, The Magic, 359 sq.

First Cause. Sung philosophers and, 86; Mencius and, 90

Five Elements (wu hsing), 84

Five Graduates. Legend of the, 242 sq.; gain favour of the Emperor, 243; and Chang T’ien-shih, 245; killed, 244; their spirits appear at the palace, 245; canonized, 246

Flag. Republican, 28; dragon-symbol on Manchu, 28

Flood, Legend of the Great, 225

Flowers. Chinese love for, 51

Flying Cart, Land of the, 391

Fo Pao. Buddha, one of the San Pao of Buddhism, 119

Food. Kinds of, 58

Foot-binding. Origin of, 39; abolition of, 39 Page 435

Form. See Hsing

Formosa. A Chinese possession, 27; annexed by Japan, 27

Foxes. Legends of, 370 sq.; generally of ill omen, 370; powers of, 370; transformations of, 370

Fu Hsi, or T’ien Huang Shih. Mythical sovereign; brother of Nü Kua, 82; creator of human beings, 248; a God of Medicine, 248

Fu Shên, Yang Ch’êng, or Yang Hsi-chi. The God of Happiness, 170; origin of, 169; other Gods of Happiness, 170

Fu-sang Tree. One which grows at the place where the sun rises, 187

Funeral Rites, 39 sq.; the idea of death, 39; recalling the soul, 40; feeding the corpse, 40; the soul-tablet, 40; signs of mourning, 40; exacting nature of ceremonial, 41; cemeteries, 41


Games, 46

Gardens, 51

Garuda. See Lei Kung

Gems, Lake Of. Yao Ch’ih, 137

Generalissimo-s. Canonized, 150 sq.; the three musical brothers, T’ien Chih-piao, T’ien Yüan-shuai, and T’ien Hung-i, 151; Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 152 sq.

Genii. Hsi Wang Mu head of the, on K’un-lun Mountains, 137

Gentry. Shên Shih; a social division, 28

Geological Features, 19

Giants. Legends of, 387

God-s. Of China, 93 sq.; amuse themselves, 99; marry, 99; sin, 99; punishment of the, 99; die, 99; super-triad of, 101; Confucius not a, 102 sq.; shên general name for, 103; stellar deities, 242; constellations, planets, and stars abodes of, 192; dragons, 208 sq.; battle of the, 320 sq.; of Agriculture, 165; of the City, 165; of the Cycles, 177; of the Door, 172 sq.; of Epidemics, 274; of Exorcism, 248 sq.; of Fire, 236 sq.; the ‘Five Mountains,’ 242; of Grasshoppers, 165; of Hades, 120; of Happiness, 177; of the Immortals, 136; of the Kitchen, 166 sq.; of Literature, 299; local, t’u-ti, 165; of Longevity, 177; of Longevity and the Eight Immortals, 214 sq.; of Medicine, 248; chief God of Rivers, 219; River-god, marriage of the, 225 sq.; of Sailors, 165; of Serpents, 165; of Smallpox, 175; of the Soil and Crops, 165; of Thunder, 198 sq.; of Time,