Agamemnon

Agamemnon

Agamemnon

In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos (different names of the same region), son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. His brother was Menelaus, who was married to Helen, the main characters that participated in the events leading to the Trojan War.

Agamemnon's Family

He was married to Clytemnestra, and had four children; Iphigenia, Orestes, Chrysothemis and Electra, also known as Laodike.

Agamemnon's Early Years

When Agamemnon and Menelaus were still young, they were forced to flee Mycenae, as their cousin Aegisthus forcibly took possession of the throne, an act that culminated after a long-time clash between their fathers. Agamemnon and Menelaus found refuge in Sparta, in the court of King Tyndareus, and they later married Tyndareus’ daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen respectively.

Agamemnon takes the Mycenae's Throne

After Tyndareus’ death, Menelaus became king, while Agamemnon managed to retake the throne of Mycenae, exiling Aegisthus and his father.

Trojan War

Later, the prince of Troy, Paris, assisted by Aphrodite, abducted Helen, Menelaus’ wife, and went back to Troy. Agamemnon agreed to help his brother to take her back and declared war on Troy.

Iphigenia's sacrifice

However, as the ships were ready to set sail, Agamemnon’s army infuriated the goddess Artemis, who sent a number of misfortunes against them. The prophet Calchas realised that Artemis’ fury would only be appeased by the sacrifice of Agamemnon’s daughter Iphigenia. This part of the myth has different versions, as to whether Iphigenia accepted her fate or she was tricked thinking she would be married to Achilles. In the end, she was sacrificed; however, there are alternatives to this part as well. Some sources say that she was sacrificed, while in others, Artemis replaced her with a deer and took her to the region of Tauris in the Crimean Peninsula. Agamemnon never found out.

The end of Agamemnon

After the end of the war, Agamemnon returned home, where Clytemnestra had started an affair with Aegisthus. The two of them plotted against Agamemnon and killed him, thus Aegisthus becoming the ruler of Mycenae again. Orestes, Agamemnon’s son, later avenged his father’s death by killing the two lovers; however, this caused the wrath of the Erinyes, because he committed matricide.

See Also: Clytemnestra, Aerope, Atreus, Menelaus, Helen, Aegisthus, Orestes, Electra, Iphigenia, Paris, Trojan War, Artemis, Erinyes

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Agamemnon Q&A

Who was Agamemnon?

In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae or Argos (different names of the same region), son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. His brother was Menelaus, who was married to Helen, the main characters that participated in the events leading to the Trojan War.

Who were the parents of Agamemnon?

The parents of Agamemnon were Atreus and Aerope.

Who were brothers and sisters of Agamemnon?

Agamemnon had 1 siblings: Menelaus.

Who was the consort of Agamemnon?

Agamemnon's consort was Clytemnestra.

How many children did Agamemnon have?

Agamemnon had 4 children: Iphigenia, Orestes, Chrysothemis and Electra.

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