Coeus was one of the Titans, son of Uranus and Gaia.
His name means questioning, and based on this, it has been suggested that he may have been the Titan of inquisitive minds and intellect. In Roman mythology, the deity associated with Coeus was Polus, the celestial axis around which the heavens revolve.
Coeus was also one of the four pillars that held the heavens and earth apart. He represented the north pillar, while his brothers Hyperion, Iapetus, and Crius represented the other three pillars. The four brothers played a crucial role in the overthrow of their father, Uranus. As they were located in the four corners of the earth, they held Uranus in place while their brother Cronus castrated him with a diamond sickle that their mother Gaea had given him.
Coeus is not well-known for his own deeds, but he is important through his children. He had two children, Leto and Asteria, with his wife and sister Phoebe. Leto was one of Zeus' lovers and the mother of the twin Olympians Artemis and Apollo.
During the Titanomachy, the great war between the Titans and the Olympians, Coeus fought against Zeus and the other Olympians. However, he was ultimately defeated and banished to the Underworld. He attempted to escape, but was prevented from doing so by Cerberus, the guardian of the underworld.
Despite his defeat, Coeus remained a significant figure in Greek mythology. His association with the north pillar and his connection to the overthrow of Uranus demonstrated his power and importance. Additionally, his children, Leto and Asteria, were also important figures in Greek mythology. Leto, in particular, was well-known for her relationship with Zeus and for giving birth to Artemis and Apollo.
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