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The History Of Herodotus Volume 2 of 2

Page: 1

Produced by John Bickers, Dagny, and David Widger



THE HISTORY OF HERODOTUS


By Herodotus



Translated into English by G. C. Macaulay



IN TWO VOLUMES

VOL. II.



{e Herodotou diathesis en apasin epieikes, kai tois men agathois sunedomene, tois de kakois sunalgousa}.—Dion. Halic.






Contents

PREPARER'S NOTE


THE HISTORY OF HERODOTUS


BOOK V. THE FIFTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED TERPSICHORE

NOTES TO BOOK V


BOOK VI. THE SIXTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED ERATO

NOTES TO BOOK VI.


BOOK VII. THE SEVENTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED POLYMNIA

NOTES TO BOOK VII


BOOK VIII. THE EIGHTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED URANIA

NOTES TO BOOK VIII


BOOK IX. THE NINTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED CALLIOPE

NOTES TO BOOK IX






PREPARER'S NOTE

This text was prepared from the third edition, printed in 1914, by MacMillan and Co., Limited, St. Martin's Street, London.

Greek text has been transliterated and marked with brackets, as in the opening citation above.







THE HISTORY OF HERODOTUS





BOOK V. THE FIFTH BOOK OF THE HISTORIES, CALLED TERPSICHORE

1. In the meantime those of the Persians who had been left behind in Europe by Dareios, of whom Megabazos was the commander, had subdued the people of Perinthos first of the Hellespontians, since they refused to be subject to Dareios. These had in former times also been hardly dealt with by the Paionians: for the Paionians from the Strymon had been commanded by an oracle of their god to march against the Perinthians; and if the Perinthians, when encamped opposite to them, should shout aloud and call to them by their name, they were to attack them; but if they should not shout to them, they were not to attack them: and thus the Paionians proceeded to do. Now when the Perinthians were encamped opposite to them in the suburb of their city, a challenge was made and a single combat took place in three different forms; for they matched a man against a man, and a horse against a horse, and a dog against a dog. Then, as the Perinthians were getting the better in two of the three, in their exultation they raised a shout of paion, 1 and the Paionians conjectured that this was the very thing which was spoken of in the oracle, and said doubtless to one another, "Now surely the oracle is being accomplished for us, now it is time for us to act." So the Paionians attacked the Perinthians when they had raised the shout of paion, and they had much the better in the fight, and left but few of them alive.

2. Thus it happened with respect to those things which had been done to them in former times by the Paionians; and at this time, although the Perinthians proved themselves brave men in defence of their freedom, the Persians and Megabazos got the better of them by numbers. Then after Perinthos had been conquered, Megabazos marched his army through the length of Thracia, forcing every city and every race of those who dwell there to submit to the king, for so it had been commanded him by Dareios, to subdue Thracia.


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