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Myths of Greece and Rome Narrated with Special Reference to Literature and Art

Page: 205

Quin-qua´tri-a.
Festivals in honor of the goddess Minerva, 60.

Quir´i-nal.
One of the seven hills on which Rome is built, 142.

Quir-i-na´li-a.
Festivals in Rome in honor of Quirinus, 142.

Qui-ri´nus.
Name given to Romulus when deified, 142.

Re-gil´lus.
Lake in Italy where occurred the battle in which the Dioscuri were supposed to assist, 279.

Re´mus.
Son of Mars and Ilia;
twin brother of Romulus, 140-142, 377.

Rhad-a-man´thus.
Son of Jupiter and Europa;
judge in Hades, 45, 163.

Rhe´a.
Female Titan;
daughter of Uranus and Gæa, 17;
wife of Cronus, 18;
Jupiter saved by, 20;
Corybantes, priests of, 21;
Cronus defeated by, 22;
Juno, daughter of, 51;
Pluto, son of, 159;
Ceres, daughter of, 183;
Vesta, daughter of, 198;
significance, 396.

Rhodes.
Island in the Mediterranean, where the Colossus stood, 91.

Rome.
City founded by Romulus;
it comprises seven hills, 142.

Rom´u-lus.
Son of Mars and Ilia;
founder of Rome, 140, 142, 372, 377.

[426] Ru´tu-les.
Nation in Italy, governed by Turnus, 374, 375.

Sa-git-ta´ri-us.
The constellation formed by Chiron, the Centaur who taught Hercules, 221.

Sa-la´ci-a.
Same as Amphitrite;
wife of Neptune, 154.

Sa´li-i.
Priests appointed to watch the sacred shields in Rome, 143.

Sal-mo´neus.
King who wished to emulate Jupiter, 168.

Sar-pe´don.
Son of Jupiter and Europa, 45;
slain during the Trojan war, 325.

Sat´urn, or Cronus.
Son of Uranus and Gæa, 18;
father of Jupiter, 20;
Italy ruled by, 23, 35;
husband of Rhea, 25;
day of, 207.

Sa´tyrs.
Male divinities of the woods, half man, half goat, 300.

Scæ´an Gate.
Gate which led from Troy to the plain, 321.

Sci´ron.
Giant encountered by Theseus on the Isthmus of Corinth, 251, 252.

Scyl´la.
Sea nymph changed to monster by Circe. She lived under rock of same name, 352, 353, 365.

Scy´ros.
Island in the Archipelago, the home of Lycomedes, visited by Achilles and Theseus, 262.

Scyth´i-a.
Country north of the Euxine Sea, 196.

Seasons.
The four daughters of Jupiter and Themis, 105.

Sec´u-lar Games.
Games in honor of Pluto every hundred years, 160.

Se-le´ne.
Name given to Diana as moon goddess, 93;
significance, 388, 389.

Sem´e-le.
Daughter of Cadmus;
wife of Jupiter;
mother of Bacchus, 171-174;
significance, 397.

Se-ri´phus.
Island where Danae and Perseus were cast ashore, 242, 249.

Ser´vi-us Tul´li-us.
Sixth king of Rome;
son of Vulcan and Ocrisia, 148.

Ses´tus.
City opposite Abydus;
the home of Hero, 111, 112, 116.

Seven Wonders of the World, 49, 91.

Sheet-lightning.
Same as Arges, 18.

Sib´yl.
Prophetess of Cumæ, who led Æneas down to the infernal Regions, 370-372.

Si-ca´ni-a.
Land where Anchises died;
visited twice by Æneas, 365.

Sic´i-ly.
Island home of Polyphemus;
visited by Arion, 82;
visited by Proserpina, 183;
visited by Ulysses, 339;
visited by Æneas, 365, 370.

Si-le´nus.
Tutor of Bacchus;
generally represented on an ass, 174-177, 300.

Sil-va´nus.
God of the woods;
one of the lesser Roman divinities, 301.

Silver Age.
Second age of the ancient world, 35.

Sil´vi-a.
Daughter of Latin shepherd;
her stag was wounded by Iulus, 373.

Si´nis (The Pine-bender).
Giant encountered and slain by Theseus, 251.

Si´non.
Greek slave, who advised the Trojans to secure the wooden horse, 332, 335.

Sip´y-lus.
Mountain where stood the statue of Niobe, 94.

Si´rens.
Maidens who allured mariners by their wondrous songs, 350-352;
significance, 397.

Sir´i-us.
Favorite dog of Orion;
a constellation, 98, 100.

Sis´y-phus.
King condemned to roll a rock in Tartarus to the top of a steep hill, 77, 167;
significance, 389.

Sol.
Name frequently given to Apollo as god of the sun, 61.

Som´nus.
God of sleep;
the child of Nox, and twin brother of Mors, 208-212.

Spar´ta.
Capital of Lacedæmon;
favorite city of Juno, 52;
home of Menelaus, 310-312.

Sphinx.
Riddle-giving monster;
slain by Œdipus, 283-285;
significance, 393, 401.

Stel´li-o.
Urchin changed to lizard by Ceres when searching for Proserpina, 197.

Ster´o-pes (Lightning).
One of the Cyclopes;
son of Uranus and Gæa, 18.

[427] Sthe´no.
One of the three Gorgon sisters, immortal, like Euryale, 242.

Stroph´a-des.
Islands where the Harpies took refuge when driven from Thrace, 267;
Æneas visits the, 364.

Stro´phi-us.
Father of Pylades;
shelters Orestes, 336.

Stym-pha´lus.
Lake upon whose banks Hercules slew the brazen-clawed birds, 226.

Styx.
River in Hades, by whose waters the gods swore their most sacred oaths, 43, 77, 84, 161, 172;
Achilles bathed in the, 314.

Su-a-de´la.
One of Venus’ train of attendants;
god of the soft speech of love, 106.

Sy-chæ´us.
King of Tyre;
husband of Dido;
murdered by Pygmalion, 366.

Sym-pleg´a-des.
Floating rocks safely passed by the Argo, 268.

Sy´rinx.
Nymph loved by Pan, and changed into reeds, 300, 301.

Tæn´a-rum, or Tæn´a-rus.
The Greek entrance to Hades on Cimmerian coast, 160, 229.

Ta-la´ri-a.
Mercury’s winged sandals, given by the gods, 134.

Ta´lus.
Brazen giant;
son of Vulcan;
the watchman of Minos, 256, 257.

Tan´ta-lus.
Father of Pelops;
condemned to hunger and thirst in Hades, 77, 93, 167;
significance, 389, 390.

Tar´ta-rus.
Abyss under the earth, where the Titans, etc., were confined, 17, 18, 22, 25;
Orpheus’ music heard in, 77;
wicked in, 161-169;
significance, 385, 391.

Tau´ris.
Country to which Diana brought Iphigenia, 316;
visited by Orestes, 336.

Tel´a-mon.
Husband of Hesione, the daughter of Laomedon, 152.

Te-lem´a-chus.
Son of Ulysses and Penelope, 312;
adventures of, 357, 358.

Tel-e-phas´sa.
Wife of Agenor;
mother of Europa, 47;
significance, 386.

Tel´lus.
Same as Gæa;
name given to Rhea, 13.

Ten´e-dos.
Island off the coast of Troy, 332, 335.

Terp-sich´o-re.
Muse of dancing;
daughter of Jupiter and Mnemosyne, 88.

Ter´ra.
Same as Gæa, goddess of the earth, 13.

Teu´cer.
Ancient king of the Trojans, 364.

Tha-li´a.
1. One of the three Graces;
daughter of Jupiter and Eurynome, 105.
2. One of the nine Muses;
Muse of comedy, 88.

Than´a-tos.
Same as Mors, god of death, 208.

Thebes.
Capital of Bœotia;
founded by Cadmus, 47, 48;
Amphion, king of, 80-82;
Athamas, king of, 174;
Pentheus, king of, 181;
Œdipus, king of, 280-290.

The´mis.
One of the six female Titans, 17, 22;
goddess of justice, 44, 105, 107, 163.

The-oph´a-ne.
Maiden changed by Neptune into a sheep, 153.

The´seus.
Son of Ægeus and Æthra;
hero of Athens, 179, 250-262, 266, 275;
significance, 391, 393.

Thes-mo-pho´ri-a.
Festivals in Greece in honor of Ceres, 196.

Thes´sa-ly.
A province of Greece, 311;
fight of the gods in, 23;
Admetus, king of, 64;
Ceyx, king of, 211;
Æson, king of, 263, 273;
Protesilaus of, 316.

The´tis.
1. Mother of Achilles, 314;
a sea nymph, 20.
2. One of the Titanides, 17;
marriage feast of, 305, 306;
Olympus visited by, 319;
Achilles comforted by, 325;
Achilles’ armor brought by, 326-328;
Achilles instructed by, 329.

This´be.
Babylonian maiden loved by Pyramus, 117, 118.

Thrace.
Country on the Black Sea;
the home of Mars, 138, 223, 267, 363;
significance, 400.

Thyr´sus.
The vine-encircled wand borne by the followers of Bacchus, 182.

Ti´ber.
River in Italy, 200, 202, 205;
Æneas sails up the, 363, 372, 374.

Ti-re´si-as.
The blind seer visited by Ulysses on the Cimmerian shore, 350, 353.

[428] Ti-siph´o-ne.
One of the three Furies, or Eumenides, 163, 165, 174.

Ti-tan´i-des.
The six daughters of Uranus and Gæa, 17.

Ti´tans.
Name given to the six sons of Uranus and Gæa, 17, 18;
revolt of, 22, 23, 25;
significance, 398.

Ti-tho´nus.
Trojan prince who visited Aurora, 90.

Tit´y-us.
Giant in Tartarus, whose prostrate body covered nine acres, 169.

Tra-chin´i-a.
Land where Hercules died, 216.

Tri-na´cri-a.
Land visited by Ulysses, whose men slay the cattle of the sun, 353, 354.

Trip-tol´e-mus.
Nursling and protégé of Ceres, 188, 196.

Tri´ton.
Son of Neptune and Amphitrite;
father of the Tritons, 154, 303;
significance, 397.

Trœ-ze´ne.
Ancient city in Argolis, 152;
birthplace of Theseus, 250, 251;
significance, 391.

Tro´jans.
Inhabitants of Troy, 316-335, 360-376.

Troy.
City of Asia Minor, ruled by Laomedon and Priam;
war of, 305-336.

Tuc´ci-a.
Vestal virgin who stood the test of purity, 200.

Tur´nus.
Chief of the Rutules;
wars against Æneas, 372-377.

Tus´cans.
People of Tuscania in Italy, governed by Evander;
allies of Æneas, 374, 375.

Tyn-da´re-us.
Stepfather of Helen;
binds her suitors by oath, 311.

Ty-phϫus.
Same as Typhon;
monster sent to dethrone Jupiter, 23, 24.

Tyre.
City in Phœnicia, governed by Sychæus and Dido, 366.


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