Myths of Greece and Rome Narrated with Special Reference to Literature and Art
Æther and Hemera create the, 13;
divisions of the, 15;
realm of the, 25;
the mother of all, 38;
oath by the, 172;
Antæus, son of the, 228;
Nymph who pined for love of Narcissus;
changed to a voice, 118, 119;
answers Cephalus, 71;
mocks Ariadne, 179.
Earth hatched from a mythical, 15.
Gods take refuge in, 24;
Io takes refuge in, 136;
Menelaus and Helen detained in, 336.
Daughter of Agamemnon;
saves Orestes, 336.
Festivals at Eleusis, in honor of Ceres and Proserpina,
City in Greece visited by Ceres during her search for Proserpina,
Province of the Peloponnesus;
Alpheus in, 193;
Augeas, king of, 221;
Follower of Ulysses;
dies in Island of Ææa, 350.
Abode of the blessed in Hades, 161,
Cleobis and Biton conveyed to, 54;
Adonis conveyed to, 110.
Giant defeated by Jupiter;
buried under Mt. Ætna, 24.
Youth loved by Diana, who carries him to a cave on Mt. Latmus,
significance, 388, 389,
Plain in Sicily;
favorite resort of Proserpina, 183.
Name given to Bellona, goddess of war, 138.
Name given to Aurora, goddess of dawn, 72,
jealousy of, 70, 71;
winds, offspring of, 213.
Son of Jupiter and Io;
founder of Memphis, 136.
City in Asia Minor sacred to Diana, 101.
Giant son of Neptune, 154;
brother of Otus;
imprisons Mars, 139;
Sons of the seven chiefs who besieged Thebes, 290.
Son of Iapetus, 25;
husband of Pandora, 28-34, 37.
Country visited by Æneas, who meets Andromache there,
One of the Muses;
daughter of Jupiter and Mnemosyne, 90.
God of darkness, 13;
marries his mother, Night, 13;
progenitor of egg, 15;
River into which Phaeton fell from the sun chariot, 87;
Hercules consults nymphs of, 226.
Collective name given to the Furies, 163;
Same as Discordia, goddess of discord and strife, 138;
apple cast by, 306.
punished by famine, 197.
Same as Cupid, 107;
child of Light and Day, 13;
arrows of, 13, 112;
egg produces, 15;
causes man’s creation, 25;
man’s life given by, 27.
Place where Hercules slew the wild boar, 221.
Island home of Geryones;
visited by Hercules, 226.
Son of Œdipus and Jocasta, 285;
reigns one year, 287;
slain by his brother, 288.
Country visited by Bacchus, 176.
Happy race of Africa, south of the river Oceanus;
visited by the gods, 16.
Eu-bœ´an or Eu-bo´ic Sea.
Sea where Hercules cast Lichas, 238.
Swineherd visited by Ulysses on his return to Ithaca,
Ulysses aided by, 358.
Collective name given to Furies, 163;
forest sacred to, 286;
One of the three Graces or Charites;
attendant of Venus, 105.
Daughter of Agenor;
wife of Jupiter, 44-48, 59;
mother of Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon, 45,
River near Sparta, where Helen bathed, 310.
son of Æolus and Aurora, 213-215.
One of the three terrible Gorgons, 242.
Youth sent with Nisus to warn Æneas that his son was in danger,
Nurse of Ulysses;
recognizes him after twenty years’ absence, 357;
Penelope awakened by, 358.
Wife of Orpheus, who seeks her in Hades, 75-80;
Leader of Ulysses’ men, 347;
escaped Circe’s spell, 349;
Ulysses’ men misled by, 353.
Wife of Jupiter;
mother of the Graces, 105.
appointed twelve labors, 218-229.
visited twice by Hercules, 235.
One of the Muses;
presided over music, 88.
Same as Pontus Euxinus, or the Black Sea, 15.
King of Tuscans;
ally of Æneas;
father of Pallas, 374, 375.
Father of Marpessa;
drowned himself in river of same name, 155;
Hercules crosses, 234.
Attendant of Jupiter, goddess of fame, 41.
also known as Mœræ or Parcæ, 165.
Wife of Faunus;
a rural divinity of the Romans, 301.
Rural divinity of the Romans;
husband of Fauna, 301.
Goddess of flowers, 301, 303;
wife of Zephyrus, 215, 301.
Festivals in May in honor of Flora, 301.
Name given to Prometheus, 25.
1. Goddess of fortune;
an attendant of Jupiter, 41.
2. Goddess of plenty, 232.
Chief place in Rome where public matters were discussed,
The Eumenides, or avenging deities, 163;
Œdipus punished by, 286;
Orestes pursued by, 336.
Same as Tellus and Terra, 13;
wife of Uranus, 15;
reign of, 17;
conspiracy of, 18;
Typhœus created by, 23;
Enceladus created by, 24;
Antæus, son of, 227;
Syrinx protected by, 300;
1. Nymph loved by Polyphemus and Acis, 341-343.
2. Statue loved by Pygmalion, who prays Venus to give it life,
Trojan prince carried off by Jupiter to act as cup-bearer,
Same as Gæa, Tellus, Terra, the Earth, 13.
Same as Dioscuri;
Castor and Pollux, 278.
Giant whose cattle are taken by Hercules, 226;
Maiden loved by Jason;
slain by Medea, 273;
Fisherman changed to a sea god, 303,
lover of Scylla, 352, 353.
First age of the ancient world, when all was bliss, 35;
Janus’ reign, 205.
Three sisters,—Euryale, Stheno, and Medusa,
Ægis decorated by head of one of, 58;
Unborn souls of Roman heroes, seen by Anchises in Hades,
Same as Gratiæ;
the three attendants of Venus, 105.
Name given to Mars when leader of armies, 143.
Three sisters with but one eye and tooth among them,
significance, 391, 401.
Same as Graces, or Charites;
Venus’ attendants, 105.
Constellation formed by Callisto, 52.
Highest peak in, 37;
alphabet introduced into, 48;
nations of, 49;
art in, 52;
Cecrops comes to, 57;
Pelops takes refuge in, 167;
Paris visits, 310;
war between Troy and, 314;
Orestes’ return to, 336;
captives taken to, 361.
Greek Divinities, 39;
Departure of, 315;
plague visits, 318;
defeat of, 323, 324;
return of, 335;
Agamemnon, chief of, 336;
attack Ciconians, 337;
Polyphemus visited by, 343-346;
Circe visited by, 347;
a civilized nation, 380.
One of the three Centimani;
son of Uranus and Gæa, 18.