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Myths of Greece and Rome Narrated with Special Reference to Literature and Art

Page: 197

Earth.
Æther and Hemera create the, 13;
divisions of the, 15;
realm of the, 25;
the mother of all, 38;
oath by the, 172;
Antæus, son of the, 228;
significance, 398.

E´cho.
Nymph who pined for love of Narcissus;
changed to a voice, 118, 119;
answers Cephalus, 71;
mocks Ariadne, 179.

Egg.
Earth hatched from a mythical, 15.

E´gypt.
Gods take refuge in, 24;
Io takes refuge in, 136;
Menelaus and Helen detained in, 336.

E-lec´tra.
Daughter of Agamemnon;
saves Orestes, 336.

El-eu-sin´i-a.
Festivals at Eleusis, in honor of Ceres and Proserpina, 196.

E-leu´sis.
City in Greece visited by Ceres during her search for Proserpina, 188, 196.

E´lis.
Province of the Peloponnesus;
Alpheus in, 193;
Augeas, king of, 221;
significance, 388.

El-pe´nor.
Follower of Ulysses;
dies in Island of Ææa, 350.

E-lys´i-an Fields.
Abode of the blessed in Hades, 161, 163, 169;
Cleobis and Biton conveyed to, 54;
Adonis conveyed to, 110.

En-cel´a-dus.
Giant defeated by Jupiter;
buried under Mt. Ætna, 24.

En-dym´i-on.
Youth loved by Diana, who carries him to a cave on Mt. Latmus, 96-98;
significance, 388, 389, 396.

En´na.
Plain in Sicily;
favorite resort of Proserpina, 183.

E-ny´o.
Name given to Bellona, goddess of war, 138.

E´os.
Name given to Aurora, goddess of dawn, 72, 90;
jealousy of, 70, 71;
winds, offspring of, 213.

Ep´a-phus.
Son of Jupiter and Io;
founder of Memphis, 136.

Eph´e-sus.
City in Asia Minor sacred to Diana, 101.

Eph-i-al´tes.
Giant son of Neptune, 154;
brother of Otus;
imprisons Mars, 139;
significance, 400.

E-pig´o-ni.
Sons of the seven chiefs who besieged Thebes, 290.

Ep-i-me´theus (Afterthought).
Son of Iapetus, 25;
husband of Pandora, 28-34, 37.

E-pi´rus.
Country visited by Æneas, who meets Andromache there, 365.

Er´a-to.
One of the Muses;
daughter of Jupiter and Mnemosyne, 90.

Er´e-bus.
God of darkness, 13;
marries his mother, Night, 13;
progenitor of egg, 15;
dethroned, 17.

E-rid´a-nus.
River into which Phaeton fell from the sun chariot, 87;
Hercules consults nymphs of, 226.

E-rin´ny-es.
Collective name given to the Furies, 163;
significance, 393.

E´ris.
Same as Discordia, goddess of discord and strife, 138;
apple cast by, 306.

Er-i-sich´thon.
An unbeliever;
punished by famine, 197.

E´ros.
Same as Cupid, 107;
child of Light and Day, 13;
arrows of, 13, 112;
egg produces, 15;
causes man’s creation, 25;
man’s life given by, 27.

Er-y-man´thus.
Place where Hercules slew the wild boar, 221.

[415] Er-y-the´a.
Island home of Geryones;
visited by Hercules, 226.

E-te´o-cles.
Son of Œdipus and Jocasta, 285;
reigns one year, 287;
slain by his brother, 288.

E-thi-o´pi-a.
Country visited by Bacchus, 176.

E-thi-o´pi-ans.
Happy race of Africa, south of the river Oceanus;
visited by the gods, 16.

Eu-bœ´an or Eu-bo´ic Sea.
Sea where Hercules cast Lichas, 238.

Eu-mæ´us.
Swineherd visited by Ulysses on his return to Ithaca, 355, 357;
Ulysses aided by, 358.

Eu-men´i-des.
Collective name given to Furies, 163;
forest sacred to, 286;
significance, 393.

Eu-phros´y-ne.
One of the three Graces or Charites;
attendant of Venus, 105.

Eu-ro´pa.
Daughter of Agenor;
wife of Jupiter, 44-48, 59;
mother of Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon, 45, 325;
significance, 386.

Eu-ro´tas.
River near Sparta, where Helen bathed, 310.

Eu´rus.
East wind;
son of Æolus and Aurora, 213-215.

Eu-ry´a-le.
One of the three terrible Gorgons, 242.

Eu-ry´a-lus.
Youth sent with Nisus to warn Æneas that his son was in danger, 374.

Eu-ry-cle´a.
Nurse of Ulysses;
recognizes him after twenty years’ absence, 357;
Penelope awakened by, 358.

Eu-ryd´i-ce.
Wife of Orpheus, who seeks her in Hades, 75-80;
significance, 387-389.

Eu-ryl´o-chus.
Leader of Ulysses’ men, 347;
escaped Circe’s spell, 349;
Ulysses’ men misled by, 353.

Eu-ryn´o-me.
Wife of Jupiter;
mother of the Graces, 105.

Eu-rys´theus.
Hercules’ taskmaster;
appointed twelve labors, 218-229.

Eu´ry-tus.
Iole’s father;
visited twice by Hercules, 235.

Eu-ter´pe.
One of the Muses;
presided over music, 88.

Eux´ine Sea.
Same as Pontus Euxinus, or the Black Sea, 15.

E-van´der.
King of Tuscans;
ally of Æneas;
father of Pallas, 374, 375.

E-ve´nus.
Father of Marpessa;
drowned himself in river of same name, 155;
Hercules crosses, 234.

Fa´ma.
Attendant of Jupiter, goddess of fame, 41.

Fates.
Three sisters;
also known as Mœræ or Parcæ, 165.

Fau´na.
Wife of Faunus;
a rural divinity of the Romans, 301.

Fau´nus.
Rural divinity of the Romans;
husband of Fauna, 301.

Flo´ra.
Goddess of flowers, 301, 303;
wife of Zephyrus, 215, 301.

Flo-ra´li-a.
Festivals in May in honor of Flora, 301.

Forethought.
Name given to Prometheus, 25.

For-tu´na.
1. Goddess of fortune;
an attendant of Jupiter, 41.
2. Goddess of plenty, 232.

Fo´rum.
Chief place in Rome where public matters were discussed, 142.

Fu´ries.
The Eumenides, or avenging deities, 163;
Œdipus punished by, 286;
Orestes pursued by, 336.

Gæ´a.
Same as Tellus and Terra, 13;
wife of Uranus, 15;
reign of, 17;
conspiracy of, 18;
Typhœus created by, 23;
Enceladus created by, 24;
Antæus, son of, 227;
Syrinx protected by, 300;
significance, 396.

Gal-a-te´a.
1. Nymph loved by Polyphemus and Acis, 341-343.
2. Statue loved by Pygmalion, who prays Venus to give it life, 121.

Gan´y-mede.
Trojan prince carried off by Jupiter to act as cup-bearer, 43.

Ge.
Same as Gæa, Tellus, Terra, the Earth, 13.

Gem´i-ni.
Same as Dioscuri;
Castor and Pollux, 278.

Ge-ry´o-nes.
Giant whose cattle are taken by Hercules, 226;
significance, 401.

Glau´ce.
Maiden loved by Jason;
slain by Medea, 273;
significance, 392.

Glau´cus.
Fisherman changed to a sea god, 303, 304;
lover of Scylla, 352, 353.

[416] Golden Age.
First age of the ancient world, when all was bliss, 35;
Janus’ reign, 205.

Gor´gons.
Three sisters,—Euryale, Stheno, and Medusa, 242-246;
Ægis decorated by head of one of, 58;
significance, 401.

Grac´chi, The.
Unborn souls of Roman heroes, seen by Anchises in Hades, 372.

Gra´ces.
Same as Gratiæ;
the three attendants of Venus, 105.

Gra-di´vus.
Name given to Mars when leader of armies, 143.

Græ´æ.
Three sisters with but one eye and tooth among them, 243;
significance, 391, 401.

Gra´ti-æ.
Same as Graces, or Charites;
Venus’ attendants, 105.

Great Bear.
Constellation formed by Callisto, 52.

Gre´ci-an.
Mythology, 25;
camp, 329.

Greece.
Highest peak in, 37;
alphabet introduced into, 48;
nations of, 49;
art in, 52;
Cecrops comes to, 57;
Pelops takes refuge in, 167;
Paris visits, 310;
war between Troy and, 314;
Orestes’ return to, 336;
captives taken to, 361.

Greek Divinities, 39;
Panathenæa, 60;
fleet, 332.

Greeks.
Departure of, 315;
plague visits, 318;
defeat of, 323, 324;
return of, 335;
Agamemnon, chief of, 336;
attack Ciconians, 337;
Polyphemus visited by, 343-346;
Circe visited by, 347;
a civilized nation, 380.

Gy´es.
One of the three Centimani;
son of Uranus and Gæa, 18.


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