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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 281

Nergal-shar-utsur (ü´tsür), King of Babylonia, 492.
Nidaba (ni´da-ba), goddess of Lugal-zaggisi, 124.
Nightmare, Babylonian demon of, 68, 69.
Nimrod, eagle myth regarding, 167; agricultural myth of, 170; John Barleycorn and, 170, 170n.; the Biblical "mighty hunter", 276; as Ni-Marad (Merodach), 277, 343; the fires of, 350; Asshur and, 354.
Nimrud. See Kalkhi.
Nina (ni´na), the fish goddess, Ishtar as, 100; at Lagash, 117, 118, 327; Derceto and Atargatis and, 277; goddess of Nineveh, 327, 423; creatrix and, 437; Persian Anahita and, 496.
Nineveh, excavations at, xix; called after Nina, fish goddess, 100, 423; King Ninus and, 424; Biblical reference to origin of, 276, 277; Semiramis legend of origin of, 277; plundered by King of Mitanni, 280; observatory at, 321; Ashur and, 354; palace of Ashur-natsir-pal III at, 399; Ionians deported from Cilicia to, 464; as Babylon's rival, 469; Esarhaddon's Ashur temple at, 476; Nahum's prophecy, 477, 478; Ashur-bani-pal's palace and library at, 487; fall of, 488; Scythian legend, 488.
Nin-Girsu (nin-gir´su), the god of Lagash, Ninip and Tammuz and, 53, 115, 116, 333; Ur-Nina and, 117, 118; Urukagina, the reformer, and, 121 et seq.; famous silver vase from temple of, 120; lion-headed eagle of, 120; Gudea's temple to, 130; Shamash and Babbar and, 132; development of, 135; eagle of, 168; Merodach and Zamama and, 126, 241.
Ninip (nin´ip, or Nin´ib), as Nirig and destroying sun, 53; Zamama identified with, 126; during Isin Dynasty, 132; in flood legend, 190 et seq.; father and son myth, 158, 302; as bull god and boar god, 302, 334; month of, 305; the boar and, 315; as Kronos and Saturn, as elder and younger Horus, 316.
Nin´-shach, Babylonian boar god, 86.
Nin´-sun, as destroying goddess, 57, 100.
Nin´tü, the Babylonian serpent mother, 76; Tiamat and, 150.
Ninus, king, legendary founder of Nineveh, 277, 424; Semiramis and, 424, 425.
Nin´yas, son of Semiramis, 426.
Nippur (nip´pur), Enlil god of, 35; Ninip the Destroyer advances against, 53; Ramman, Hadad or Dadu and, 57; Ur-Nina and, 116, 117; Lugal-zaggisi and, 124; Ur moon god at, 130; Ea's temple at, 131; Isin kings from, 132, 133; Kassites showed preference for, 218; observatory at, 321; Kheber (Chebar) canal near, 344. Nirig (ni´rig), as Ninip and destroying sun, 53. See Ninip.
Nisroch, the Biblical, Ashur as, 343, 470.
Njord (nyerd), the Eddic sea god, 33.
Noah, the Babylonian, 27.
Nü, the Egyptian god, the crocodile as 29; Sumerian form of, 36, 37; vaguer than Nut, 106.
Nudimmud (nü´dim-müd). See Ea.
Nüsk´ü, the god, as fire deity, 49, 50, 51; as messenger of gods, 50, 53; connection of with sea fire, 50, 51; association of with sun and moon gods, 50, 353; identified with Nirig and Tammuz, 354.
Nut (noo´it), the Egyptian goddess, 36; Tiamat as, 37; as mother of Osiris, 101; Nu vaguer than, 106.

O

Oak, Saul buried under, 350; association of with thunder gods, 350.
Oannes (ō-än´nes), as Ea, 27, 30.
Odin (ō´din), 64; lovers of wife of, 103; Gilgamesh and, 184, 185; the mythical Ages and, 202; Paradise of like Indra's, 209.
Olympus, the Babylonian, 332.
Omri, King of Israel, 405.
Opener, the, Horus as, 302. See Apuata and Patriarch.
Opis, Kish swayed by, 114; King of captured by Eannatum of Lagash, 119; Entemena's sack of, 120.
Ops, 103.
Ori´on, the Constellation, as form of Osiris, 297; Nin-Girsu and Tammuz as, 301; as form of the sun, 305.
Orion, the Greek giant, origin of, 45.
Osiris (ō-sī´ris), Tammuz cult and cult of, xxxi, 81. Yama and Gilgamesh and, xxxii; as god of the Nile, 33; creative tears of, 45; as a "dangerous god", 63; as patriarch, 52, 82, 83, 84, 86, 90; weeping for, 83, twin goddesses mourn for, 99; Adonis myth, 83, 84; origin of, 84; blood of in Nile, 85; swine associated with, 85; as the lunar babe, 89; as child, husband, brother, and father of Isis, &c, 99, 297; as son with two mothers, 99; Nut as mother of, 101; Paradise of, 209; fusion of Ptah with Seb and, 264; Isis star and, 296; the grave of, 296; makes Isis a male, 299; Nergal and, 304; in star lore, 315; backbone symbol of world mountain, 332; Merodach and Ashur and, 354.

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