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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 264

Azariah (az-a-rī´ah), King of Judah, 449.

B

Baal, the moon god as, 51; shadowy spouse of, 100; Ashur as, 355; worship of the Phoenician in Israel, 406.
Baal-dag´on, the god, symbols of, 32.
Bä´asha, King of Israel, 403; Damascus aids Judah against, 404, 405.
Bä´ä-ü, the Phoenician mother goddess, 150.
Babbar (bäb´bar), sun god, 125; Nin Girsu and, 132; of Sippar, 240. See Shamash.
Babylon, in early Christian literature, xvii; German excavations at, xxiv; Isaiah foretells doom of, 113, 114, 478; sack of by Gutium, 129; political rise of, 217 et seq.; early history of, 218; Greek descriptions of late city of, 219 et seq.; "hanging gardens" of, 220; date of existing ruins of, 222; marriage market of, 224, 225; sun worship in, 240; the London of Western Asia, 253; return of Merodach from Mitanni to, 272; observatory at, 321; destruction of by Sennacherib, 468, 469; restored by Esarhaddon, 471; Ashur-bani-pal restores Merodach to, 481, 482; Shamash-sum-ukin's revolt in, 484, 485; Belshazzar's feast in, 494, 495; under the Persians, 496; Xerxes pillages Merodach's temple in, 497; Alexander the Great in, 497, 498; under empire of Seleucidae, 498; slow death of, 498, 499.
Babylonia, excavations in, xix et seq.; religion of, xxviii, xxxi; debt of modern world to, xxxv; early divisions of, 1 et seq.; harvests of, 21, 22; the two seasons of, 23, 24; rise of empire of, 133; Amorite migration into, 217; Golden Age of, 253; Hittite invasion of, 259; Tell-el-Amarna letters and, 281; early struggles with Assyria, 284-286 ; star myths of, 290 et seq.; ancestor worship in, 295; beginning of arithmetic in, 310 et seq.; Kassites and Mesopotamia, 358,359,361 et seq.; Arabian desert route, 360; influence of Hittites in, 364, 366, 368; Assyria controlled by, 370; Kassite dynasty ends, 370-371 ; compared with Assyria, 371-375 ; Tig-lath-pileser II and, 385; Ashur-natsir-pal III overawes, 399; Shamshi-Adad VII subdues, 414,415; Tiglath-pileser IV, the "Pulu" of, 444-446 ; Esarhaddon and, 471-476 ; Neo-Babylonian Age, 478 et seq.; Alexander the Great and, 497.
Baghdad railway, following ancient trade route, 357, 357 n[407].
Balder, the Germanic god, Gilgamesh and, 184; new age of, 202, 203.
Bä-neb-tet´tu, Egyptian god, 29.
Barley, husks of in Egyptian pre-Dynastic bodies, 6.
Barleycorn, John, Nimrod and Icelandic god Barleycorn and, 170, 171.
Barque of Ra, sun as and the Babylonian "boat", 56, 57.
Basques, the, language of and the Sumerian, 3; shaving customs of, 4.
Bäst, the Egyptian serpent mother, 76.
Bä´ta, the Egyptian tale of, 85.
Bats, ghosts as, 65.
Battle, the Everlasting, 65.
Bau (bä´ü), mother goddess, 100; Gula and Ishtar and, 116; in Kish, 114, 126, 127; associated with Nin-Girsu, 115, 116; Tiamat and, 150; doves and, 428; creatrix and, 437.
Bear, as a clan totem, 164.
Bearded gods, the Sumerian, 135, 136, 137; Egyptian customs, 136.
"Beare, the Old Woman of", as the eternal goddess, 101, 102.
Behistun, rock inscription at, xx.
Bel, the, Merodach as, 34; Enlil as the "elder", 35; demons as "beloved sons" of, 63; Zu bird strives to be, 74; in demon war, 77; as son of Ea, 139; decapitated to create mankind, 148; Etana visits heaven of, 166; in Gilgamesh legend, 172; in flood legend, 190 et seq.; Zodiacal "field" of, 307; Sargon II and the "elder", 463.
Bel´-Kap-Kä´pü, King of Babylonia, as overlord of Assyria, 419.
Bel-nirari (bel´-ni-rä´ri), King of Assyria, 285, 286.
Bel-shum-id´din, last Kassite king, 371.
Beli (bā´le), "the Howler", enemy of Germanic corn god, 95.
Belit-sheri (bel-it-she´ri), sister of Tammuz, in Hades, 98, 117.
Belshaz´zar, King of Babylon, overthrow of, 494, 495.
Beltane Day, fire ceremony of, 50.
Beltu (bāl´tü), the goddess, 36, 100.
Ben-ha´dad I, King of Damascus, as overlord of Judah and Israel, 404.
Ben-hadad II, Ahab defeats twice, 406, 407; murder of by Hazael, 410.
Ben-hadad III, Assyrians overcome, 438, 439.
Beowulf (bā-ō-wülf), brood of Cain in, 80; Scyld myth, 92, 93; sea monsters, 152; mother-monster in like Sumerian and Scottish, 154, 155.
Ber, "lord of the wild boar", Ninip as, 302.

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