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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 263

Biblical Patriarch.
Ashur-bani-pal (ä´shur-bän´i-pal), discovery of library of, xxii, xxiii; doctors and, 231, 232; worship of Ashur and Sin, 353; Merodach restored to Babylon by, 481, 482; Egyptian campaign, 482; sack of Thebes, 483; emissaries from Gyges of Lydia visit, 483; Shamash-shum-ukin's revolt against, 484; suicide of Shamash-shum-ukin, 485; Lydia aided by, 486; Sardanapalus legend, 486; the Biblical "Asnapper", 487; palace of, 487.
A´shur-dan´ I, of Assyria, 370.
Ashur-dan III, reign of, 442.
Ashur-danin-apli(a´shur-dan-in´apli), revolt of in Assyria, 414, 415.
Ashur-elit-ilani (a´shur-e´lit-il-a´ni), King of Assyria, 487, 488.
Ashur-natsir-pal I (a´shur-na´tsir-pal) of Assyria, 369.
Ashur-natsii-pal III, his "reign of terror", 396; conquests and atrocities of, 397, 398; Babylonians overawed by, 399; death of, 401.
Ashur-nirari IV (a´shur-ni-rä´ri), last king of Assyria's "Middle Empire", 442, 443.
Ashur-uballit (a´shur-u-bäl-lit), King of Assyria, Egypt and, 281, 282, 285; conquests of, 284; grandson of as King of Babylon, 284; Arabian desert trade route, 360.
Asia Minor, hill god of, 136; prehistoric alien pottery in, 263.
Ass, the sun god as, 329; in Lagash chariot, 330.
"Ass of the East", horse called in Babylonia, 270.
Äs´shur, City of, Ashur the god of, 277; Mitanni king plunders, 280; imported beliefs in, 327; Biblical reference to, 339; development of god of, 355; Merodach's statue deported to, 469.
Äs´shur, the Biblical Patriarch of Assyria, 276, 277, 327. See Ashur.
Assyria, excavations in, xix et seq.; Amorite migration to, 217; Hammurabi kings as overlords of, 241, 419; Thothmes III corresponds with king of, 276; Biblical reference to rise of, 276, 277; Aryan names of early kings of, 278; Mitanni kings as overlords of, 279, 280; Semitized by Amorites, 279; in Tell-el-Amarna letters, 281, 282; rise of after fall of Mitanni, 284; struggles with Babylonia for Mesopotamia, 284-286 ; 361 et seq.; the national god, Ashur, 326 et seq.; Isaiah's reference to, 340; Egyptians and Hittites allied against, 366, 368; Old Empire Kings, 366 et seq.; Babylonia controls, 370; character of, 372-375 ; periods of history of, 375; at close of Kassite period, 380; end of Old Empire, 386; Second Empire of, 391 et seq.; sculpture of and Sumerian, 401; mother worship in, 420 et seq.; Urartu's struggle with, 440-442 ; end of Second Empire, 443; Third Empire, 444 et seq.; Egypt becomes a province of, 475 et seq.; last king of, 487; fall of Nineveh, 488; Cyaxares rules over, 493.
Astarte (as-tär´te), lovers of, 103; animals of on Lagash vase, 120; goddesses that link with, 267; Semiramis and, 425.
Astrology, basal idea in Babylonian, 317; Babylonian and Grecian, 318 et seq.; literary references to, 325.
Astrology and astronomy, 287 et seq. See Stars, Planets, and Constellations.
Astronomers, eclipses foretold by in late Assyrian period, 321, 322.
Astronomy, Merodach fixes stars, &c., in Creation legend, 147, 148; discovery that moon is lit by sun, 148 n.; Mythical Ages and, 310 et seq.; theory of Greek origin of, 319 et seq.; precession of the equinoxes, 320, 320 n.; Assyro-Babylonian observatories, 320-322 ; Hittites pass Babylonian discoveries to Europe, 316; in late Assyrian and neo-Babylonian period, 479, 480.
Astyages (as-ty´a-jēz), King of the Medes, Cyrus displaces, 493; wife of a Lydian princess, 494.
Asura fire (ă-shoo´ra), in the sea, 50, 51.
Atargatis (ät-är-gä´tis), the goddess, legend of origin of, 28; as a bi-sexual deity, 267; Derecto and, 277, 426, 427; Nina and, 277, 278.
Ate (ä´te), mother goddess of Cilicia, 267.
Athaliah (ath-a-lī´ah), Queen, of Judah, 409; reign of, 413; Joash crowned, 413; soldiers slay, 413, 414.
Athena (äthe´na), indigenous goddess of Athens, 105; goat and, 337.
Athens, imported gods in, 105.
Atmospheric deities, Enlil, Indra, Ramman, &c, as, 35; "air of life" from, 48, 49.
Aton, Akhenaton's god, the goddess Mut and, 419, 422.
Attis (ät´tis), the Phrygian god, Tammuz and, 84; death of, 87; as lover of Cybele, 103, 104; deities that link with, 267; as Jupiter, 305; Ashur and, 354-355 ; symbols of, 348.
Äü-Aä, Jah as Ea, 31.
Australia, star myths in, 296, 300.
Axe, the double, symbol of god, 348.
Azag-Bau (ä´zag bä´ü), legendary queen of Kish, 114; humble origin of, 115.

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