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An Introduction to Mythology

Page: 153

110; evolved from bird totem, 117;
as lightning, 123; serpent symbols of, 124; sacrifices to, 198
Ulmenes, lesser spirits of Araucanian Indians, 311
Underworld, myths of, classified, 154-155; man originates in, in
American myth, 181-182
Undry, cauldron of Dagda, a Celtic deity, 295
Unseen, fear of, 103
Upsala Codex, the, of Younger Edda, 261
Uranus, first monarch of Olympus, 18, 53, 283
Ut-Napishtim, myth of, 252-253

V

"VAFPRÚTHNISMÅL," the, Norse mythic book, 261
Valhalla, Norse Heaven, 197-198
Varuna, Hindu god, 53, 130, 256, 289
Vasus, 256
Vayu, Hindu deity, 256, 289
Vedas, Hindu sacred books, 255-256; savagery in, 20
Veddah of Ceylon, fetishism among, 106
Vedde-Yakko, Cingalese fetish of chase, 106
Vedic Hindus, wind-god of, 132; myth of birth of gods of, 144;
fire-stealing myth of, 149; myth of place of reward of, 153
Vegetation spirits, 79; rites, 135-137
Venus, 237; as wife of Vulcan, 279; allusions to, in poetry of
Swinburne, Lord de Tabley, and Ben Jonson, 280-281; associated
with Ishtar, 288
Vidhatri, Hindu god, 256
Vine, sacred, 94-95
Viracocha, Peruvian water-god, 16
Virgil on the golden bough, 77-78
Vishnu, Hindu deity, 256, 257, 290, 291
Vishnu Purana, Hindu sacred book, creation myth in, 161-163
Vivasvat, 256
Volsungs, Teutonic mythical family, 262
"Völuspá," the, Norse mythical book, 261
Vukub-Cakix, 'the great Macaw' in Kiche myth, 172, 265 et seq.
Vulcan or Hephæstus, as god of fire, 131; referred to by Milton and
Ben Jonson, 297

W

WAÏNAMOÏNEN, Finnish deity, 304
Wallum-Olum, mythic book of Lenapé Indians, 245
Wampum Record, Algonquin book translated by Prince, 271
Water, its connexion with moon, 127
Wells, holy, 226
Welsh Celts, mythic book of, 262-263
West, as place of the dead, 219 and 313
Westcar Papyrus, 246-247
Western Isles, Martin's, 27
Wind connected with spirit or life 298; gods of, 132-133
Wiradthuri tribes, 157
Wizard, 'scoring' a, 28
Women's rites, 243-244
World, creation of, see Chapter VI, 158 et seq.
Wurm manuscript, of Younger Edda, 261

X

XBALANQUE, hero-god of Kiche Indians, 265 et seq.
Xenophanes of Colophon, his criticism of myth, 40-41
Xibalba, Hades of Kiches of Guatemala, 212-213, 266 et seq.;
ruled by secret society, 212-213
Xilonen, Mexican maize-goddess, 299
Ximenez, translator of Popol Vuh into Spanish, 187, 270
Xiuhtecutli, Mexican fire-god, 131, 171
Xmucane, 172
Xolotl, Mexican god, 172
Xpiyacoc, Kiche primeval deity, 172

Y

YAHWEH, god of Hebrews, early form of, 74, 201-202
Yama, 256
Yesumaro, transcriber of Japanese myth, 259
Yetl, thunder-bird (Athapascan), 123, 179
Yibil, Babylonian fire-god, 131
Ymir, Norse earth-giant, 170
Ynglinga Saga, the, Norse mythic book, 261
Yorkshire, soul myth in, 152
Yuba Paik, deity of Choctaw Indians, 304
Yurakare Indians, star myth of, 141

Z

ZEALAND, creation of island of, 260
Zephyrs, as west wind, 133
Zeus, Greek deity, birth of, 18; as principle of life, 41;
equation of, with Jupiter and Tyr, 48; philological
school and his name, 48, 53, 289; as woodpecker, 94;
oak the dwelling-place of, 94; father of Apollo, as the
sky, 121, 305; father of Hephæstus, 130; casts him from
Olympus, 131; transforms the Pleiades into doves, 142;
brother of Pluto, 206; as portrayed by Homer, 258;
described, 283
Zipacna, earth-giant in Kiche myth, 265 et seq.
Zootheism, 300,
Zulus, creation myth of, 147; myth of origin of man of, 148;
culture myth of, 150
Zuñi Indiana, dismemberment myth of, 146; creation myths
of, 147, 183; myth of origin of man of, 148






End of Project Gutenberg's An Introduction to Mythology, by Lewis Spence

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