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An Introduction to Mythology

Page: 145

of idea of god, 104, 107
Fiji Islanders, death myth of, 151
Finns, forest-god of, 76; dismemberment myth among, 146; creation myth
of, 147; food of the dead myth of, 155
Fire-gods, 130-131
Fire myths, 139; preponderance of American examples in, 139;
classification of, 152; myths of fire-stealing, 140, 149
Fire-stick, 94
Fisher beliefs of Scotland, 234
Fish-gods of America, 314-315
Fladdahuan (Hebrides), sacred stone in, 27
Flint-gods, 26
Flood myths, 36, 37; classified, 153; Babylonian, 252-253;
Araucanian, 310-311
Folklore, definition of, 12 et seq.; and myth, 221 et seq.;
complementary process in, 233
Folklore as an Historical Science, Gomme's, 14 n.,
15 n., 90, 221, 233
Folk-tale, definition of, 12; appropriated by mythologists, 92;
and history, 92; dependence of, upon custom and superstition, 93
Fomorians, mythical Irish race of Titans, 294
Food of the dead, 37; myths of, classified, 155; the eating of, 304
Frazer, Sir J. G., definition of religion, 14; his Golden Bough,75;
his method founded on that of Mannhardt, 75; his thesis, 75-77;
criticism of, by Lang, 77-81
Freya, Teutonic goddess, 262, 292
Funeral practices of the Araucanian Indians, 313-314; of Pehuenche
Indians, 314

G

GÆA, Greek earth-goddess, 18, 134, 283
Gallinomero (Californian) Indians, place of punishment of, 154
Gandharvas, Hindu deities, 291
Ganesa, Hindu god, 291
Garnega, St, in Sir John Rowll's Cursing, 44
Garog, in Sir John Rowll's Cursing, 44
Garonhia, Iroquois Indian deity, 305
Garuda, Hindu deity, 256
Gaul, gods of, 294
Gayatri, Hindu deity, 256
Gayomart, Persian Adam, 169
Gehenna, Hebrew Hell, 203-206
Gelfion, in Scandinavian myth, 260
Gender-terminations, effect of, in beliefs regarding natural
phenomena, 52; anthropological school regards, as early survivals, 53
German Myths, Mannhardt's, 53
Germany, myths of, 90
Ghastly Priest, The, Lang's essay on, 75-81
Gilgamesh epic, 248-255; astrological aspect of, 254-255
Glooskap, central figure of New England Indian legends, 270 et seq.
God, idea of, not animistic, 72; conception of soul not essential to
idea of, 72; original idea of, as 'magnified non-natural man,' 73-74;
idea of, developed from deified king, 97
Gods, in animal shape, 19; dialectical misunderstandings alter
nomenclature of, 30; grouping of, into a pantheon, 30; alien,
identified with national, 34; as elements, 41-42; developed
from the dead, 42; graves of, 42; names of, no guide to their
nature, 52; of vegetation, 75; totems attached to, 109; compact
with the, 112-113; of the chase, later secondary position of, 113;
agricultural, 113, 129; departmental, 116, 117, 118; of the sea, 125;
idea of, as dwelling in the sky, 219
Gods of Egypt, The, Budge's, 165 n.
Gog, in Sir John Rowll's Cursing, 44
Goibnin, Celtic smith-god, 263, 295-296
Golden bough of myth situated in the Arician grove, 76; Virgil
on, 77-78; Servius on, 77-78;
Virgil's idea of, equated by Lang with mystic sword of romance, 77, 81;
human sacrifice and, 78, Proserpine and, 78; temple of, 78; what is
the? 80-81
Golden Bough, The, Frazer's, 75 et seq.; criticism of,
by Lewis Farnell, 81
Gomme, Sir G. Laurence, on traditional narrative, 91; his standpoint,
90-92; on folklore and myth, 221-222; on restoration of myth, 233-234
Gorgon's head, Shelley's poem on, 279
Govannon, Celtic smith-god, 263.
See also Goibniu
Græco-Roman myth, 282-285
Grannos, Celtic (Gaulish) god, 294
Great Mother, cowrie-shell as, 99
Greeks, mysteries of, 19; early religion of, 93; myth of birth of
gods of, 144; beast myth among, 144-145; dualistic myth of, 145;
dismemberment myth of, 146; creation myth of, 146; origin of man myth
among, 148; myth of origin of heroes among, 149; fire-stealing myth
of, 149; culture myth of, 150; taboo myth of, 150; death myth of, 151;
soul myth of, 152; flood myth of, 153; place of reward of, 153; place
of punishment of, 154, 206-207; myth of journey through Underworld
of, 154; food of the dead myth among, 155; sun myth of, 155; moon
myth of, 156; star myth of, 156; myth to account for rites among, 157;
ideas of Elysian fields among, 207
Green George, St George's Day character in Carinthia, 136
Grimm, J. L. K., 90
Grimm, W. K., 90
Grubb, W. Barbrook, on Lengua Indian creation myth, 180-181
Guaracy, Tupi Indian sun-god, 184
Guatemalans, place of punishment of, 154
Gucumatz in Kiche Popol Vuh,

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