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An Introduction to Mythology

Page: 142

315
Antike Wald- und Feldkulte, Mannhardt's, 53
Antis Indians, dismemberment myth of, 146; culture myth of, 150;
flood myth of, 153
Anu, Babylonian deity, 166, 251, 288
Anubis, Egyptian god, 285
Apep, night-serpent in Egyptian myth, 99
Aphrodite, mandrake cult of, 93; description of, 285
Apollo, as fire, 41; apple cult of, 93, 94-95; as mistletoe, 95;
origin of, 95; as sun-god, 119; solar myth of, 121; as wielder
of lightning spear, 124, 127; as guardian of crops, 129; Homer
on, 258; described, 283-284; Celtic gods equated with, 294;
Bilé equated with, 296
Apo-ulmenes, 309-310
Apple-trees, cult of, 95
Apsaras, Hindu nymphs, 291
Apsu, Babylonian monster, 34, 166, 296
Aqas Xenas Xena, American Indian myth of, 214
Aradia, the Gospel of the Witches of Italy, Leland's, 236
Araucanian (Chilean) Indians, 308 et seq.; Peruvian
influence upon myth of, 309-310; deluge myth of, 310-311;
lack of worship among, 311; castes of priests among, 312;
beliefs regarding the soul among, 313; place of the dead
according to, 313; funeral practices of, 313-314
Arawaks of Guiana, fire myth of, 139, 152; legend of world-tree
among, 141; culture myth of, 150; flood myth of, 153; creation
myth of, 177-179
Arianrhod, British deity, 296
Arician grove, cult of, 76; priest of, as incarnation of
tree-spirit, 77. See also Golden Bough
Aricoute, Tupi-Guarani hero, 183
Arran, sacred stone of, 27
Artemis, as moon, 41; mugwort cult of, 93; as moon-goddess, 127;
Homer on, 258
Arthur, King, as sun-hero, 122; his Round Table as the sun, 122
Aruru, creatrix of Eabani in the Gilgamesh epic, 250
Ascent of Olympus, The, Harris's, 93
Aschochimi Indians, beast myth of, 145; flood myth of, 153
Ashtaroth, or Astarte, compared with Venus, 285
Askr and Embla, Norse Adam and Eve, 170
Asshur, Assyrian god, 286; described, 288
Assyrian Hades, 201-203
Astrology and myth, 202
Athapascan Indians, creation myth of, 147, 179;
fire-stealing myth of, 149
Athene, Homer on, 20, 258; the name, 47 n.; as owl, 94;
described, 284-285
Atius Tirawa, Caddoan creative deity, 181
Attys, vegetation god, 135
Augustine, St, on myth, 43
Aurora, Greek divinity, 50
Australia, early isolation of, 36-37
Australians (aboriginal), myth of moon of, 19; Lang on, 68; beast
myth of, 145; dualistic myth, of, 146; myth of origin of man of,
148; culture myth of, 150; taboo myth of, 150; death myth of,
151; star myth of, 156
Avaggdu, British deity, 296
Aztecs, war-god of, 32, 298; fire myth of, 152; myth of place of
reward of, 154; sun myth of, 155; moon myth of, 156; abode
of dead of, 211; deities of, 299.
See also Mexicans

B

BAAL, Bealltainn sacrifice believed to be to, 240
Babylonians, creation myth of, 34-35, 146, 165-166, 173; dualistic
myth of, 145; culture myth of, 149; deluge myth of, 153;
place of punishment of, 154; myth of journey through
Underworld of, 154; food of the dead myth of, 155;
sun myth of, 155; moon myth of, 155; star myth of, 156,
252-253; general description of myths of, 286
Bacchus, connected with the earth, 134; Leland on invocation to, 237
Bacon, Francis, his interpretation of myth, 45
Bakairi Indians, star myth of, 140; and Orion, 141; creation-myth of, 182
Balder, his journey to Hel, 196
Balor, Celtic god, 294-295
Banier, Abbé, historical treatment of myth, 45
Bast, Egyptian goddess, 110
Bat-god of Kakchiquel steals seeds of fire, 268
Bealltainn, Scottish festival of, 240 et seq.
Beast myths, table of, 144
Beelzebub, Syrian deity, 44
Beetle as creative agency in Egypt and South America, 181, 183
Bel in Gilgamesh epic, 253
Belenos, Celtic (Gaulish) deity, 294
Belial, 44
Bellerophon, Hellenic sun-hero, 122
Bel-Merodach, Babylonian god, 34; description of, 287-288
Belus, supposititious connexion of, with Bealltainn festival, 241-242
Beowulf, myth of, 121-122
Berecyntia, goddess of Autun, 294
Bhaga, Indian deity, 256
Biblical narrative, how it colours myth, 37
Biblical creation story, 167
Bilé, British god, 242, 296
Bird myths, 31-32
Birth of gods myths, table of, 144
Blood, natural food of spirits, 106
Blue Jay, god of Chinook Indians, myths of, 31-32, 68, 301-302
Boag, Johnny, legend of, 234
Boat-language of Scottish fishers, 235
Bohemian festival, return of summer, 136
Book of the Dead,

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