Ammit Picture

Ancient Egyptian Mythology:

Ammit is the Demonic goddess of death and punishment. Her name means The "Devourer of the Dead" or the "Soul-eater." Her symbols are the crocodile, lion, hippo, the owl. She is viewed as a Vampiric demoness in almost all occult traditions, and she is linked to curses, Black Magick, dark spirituality, and the underworld. The ancient Egyptians called the Soul by two names - the KA and BA. The Ka was the life-force and spiritual essence of the soul. The Ba was the roaming physical essence of the soul and was represented as a bird or a hawk, with a human head that symbolized the deceased. Ammit in the Book of the Dead is the punish-er and executioner.

Ammit resided in the Underworld (Duat).
Ammit was also known as the 'Dweller in Amenty' or the 'Devourer of Amenty', the place where the sun sets. The Feather of Maat was placed on the opposite side of the scale from the spiritual heart of the deceased. If the scale balanced, the deceased was allowed to go on to the afterlife. If not, it was given to Ammit to devour. The spiritual heart was called the 'Ib', the source of good and evil. (The physical heart was called the Haty.) Once Ammit swallowed the 'Ib', the remaining parts of the soul were believed to become restless forever - this was called "to die a second time". The ancient Egyptians feared the "second-death" even more than the first death. Ammit was not worshipped; instead she embodied all that the Egyptians feared, threatening to bind them to eternal restlessness if they did not follow the principle of Ma'at. The Egyptians believed that upon death, the deceased would have to make the difficult and often dangerous journey from the world of the living to the Hall of Two Truths in Duat. Once there, he or she would be led by the god Anubis to a pair of scales and his/her heart would be weighed against the feather of Ma’at (the goddess of truth and justice). The concept of ma’at is quite tricky to pin down but it could be described as a framework of social norms that formed the basis of ancient Egyptian law and civilization. All Egyptians, even the pharaohs themselves, were expected to live their lives according to these principles or laws. Failure to do so could lead to personal misfortune, social unrest, and, at the very worst, imbalances on a cosmic scale.

Ammit has been linked with the goddess Tawaret, who has a similar physical appearance and, as a companion of Bes, also protected others from evil. (Subjective) Other authors have noted that Ammit's lion characteristics, and the lake of fire, may be pointers to a connection with the goddess Sekhmet. The relation to afterlife punishment and lake of fire location are also shared with the baboon deity Babi.

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