Numbers 794 and 795 Picture

Hades and Persephone.

Hades is the great God of the Greek Dead, ruler of Hades, and the supreme
Judge of the souls of Men. The decent are sent to the Elysian Fields, whilst
the Wicked are cast into the flames of Tartarus. In Greek mythology, Hades
is the oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea. According to myth, he and his
brothers Zeus and Poseidon defeated the Titans and claimed rulership over
the cosmos, ruling the underworld, air, and sea, respectively; the solid earth,
long the province of Gaia, was available to all three concurrently. Zeus and
Poseidon effectively stole Hades' birthright as the Supreme Ruler of the
Universe, and banished him to the depths of Earth, where he would rule the
cold, restless dead as their God and their Judge. He is also the master of
the Three-Headed Hellhound known as Cerberus, and He awaits Charon at
the end of the River Styx; Hades was also called "Plouton" (meaning "Rich
One"), a name which the Romans latinized as Pluto. The Romans would
associate Hades/Pluto with their own chthonic gods, Dis Pater and Orcus.
The corresponding Etruscan god was Aita.
Symbols associated with him are the Helm of Darkness and the three-

headed dog, Cerberus.In Greek mythology, Hades (the "unseen"), the god of
the underworld, was a son of the Titans, Cronus and Rhea. He had three
sisters, Demeter, Hestia, and Hera, as well as two brothers, Zeus, the
youngest of the three, and Poseidon, collectively comprising the original six
Olympian gods. Upon reaching adulthood, Zeus managed to force his father
to disgorge his siblings. After their release the six younger gods, along with
allies they managed to gather, challenged the elder gods for power in the
Titanomachy, a divine war. Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades received weapons
from the three Cyclopes to help in the war: Zeus the thunderbolt, Hades the
Helm of Darkness, and Poseidon the trident. The night before the first battle,
Hades put on his helmet and, being invisible, slipped over to the Titans'
camp and destroyed their weapons.[citation needed] The war lasted for ten
years and ended with the victory of the younger gods. Following their victory,
according to a single famous passage in the Iliad (xv.187–93), Hades and his
two brothers, Poseidon and Zeus, drew lots for realms to rule. Zeus got
the sky, Poseidon got the seas, and Hades received the underworld, the unseen realm to which the dead go upon leaving the world as well as any
and all things beneath the earth.
Hades obtained his eventual consort and queen, Persephone, through
trickery, a story that connected the ancient Eleusinian Mysteries with the
Olympian pantheon in a founding myth for the realm of the dead. Helios told
the grieving Demeter that Hades was not unworthy as a consort for

In Greek mythology, Persephone (also called Kore) is the daughter of Zeus
and the harvest goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld. Beautiful
Persephone lived a peaceful life until Hades, the Lord of the Underworld, fell
in love with her. It is said that Zeus advised him to carry her off, as her
mother Demeter was not likely to allow. She was innocently picking flowers
with some nymphs—Athena, and Artemis, the Homeric hymn says—or
Leucippe, or Oceanids—in a field when Hades came to abduct her, bursting
through a cleft in the earth. The place where Persephone was said to have
been carried off is different in the various local traditions. The Sicilians
believed that Hades found her in the meadows near Enna. The Eleusinians
mentioned the Nysaean plane in Boeotia and said that Persephone had
descended with Hades into the lower world at the entrance of the western
Oceanus. Later accounts place the rape near Attica or at Erineus near
Eleusis. The Cretans thought that their own island was the scene of the
rape. Demeter searched desperately with torches for her lost daughter all
over the world. In some versions she forbids the earth to produce, or she
neglects the earth and in the depth of her despair she causes nothing to
grow. Helios, the sun, who sees everything, eventually told Demeter what
had happened and at length she discovered the place of her abode.
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