Hetalia OC- Albania Picture

FINALLY! I finally finished her.
This is my Albania oc I've mentioned my interest in for the past few months, but every time I put it off.
I refused to officially post her without her complete development.

Country Information
Official Country Name: Republika e Shqipërisë (Republic of Albania)
Capital: Tirana
Largest City: Tirana
Languages: Albanian (Main), Italian (Common in Albania), English (Becoming a common language among the younger generation.), and French.
Government: Unitary Parliamentary Republic
Current Leader: President Bujar Nishani

Human Information
Human Name: Roza Strakosha
Age Appearance: Twenty-Four years of age
Gender: Female
Birthday: November 28th (Albania's Independence day. It matches up with the day Albania became independent back in 1912, the same date also matches up with when the current Constitution was established in 1998)

About Them
Personality: A mild mannered and kind girl but she can be a bit spunky. She used to act very timid but quickly grew out of it shortly after her first boss abandoned her. Though it has been proven that she can be very terrifying when angered.
Likes: Literature, the radio, traditional music, the religions of others, and the Albanian mythology.
Dislikes: Serbia, hate amongst religions, anyone bringing up those days of War.
Fears: She doesn't have this fear anymore but she often has nightmares of Yugoslavia.
* Is a bit of a smoker.

Physical Attributes
Height: 5'4''
Weight: 154 lbs.
Hair: Long black hair that always seemed to be pushed over to her left shoulder.
Eyes: Light Gray-Brown
Outfit (Casual): She is commonly found to wear a long sleeve red shirt, a brown pants that are tucked into her boots, and long dark gray boots.
Outfit (Military): A long sleeve dark camouflage uniform with dark brown boots
Outfit (Other[s]): A long sleeve white dress with a red apron like material and a black vest with red tones for her Traditional wear.
Tattoos: N/A
Piercings: N/A
Jewelry: N/A
Anything on your body that represents something in your country?: A large marking on her back that she seems to share with Montenegro which represents Lake Skadar, the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula.

Family and Foreign Relationships
Ancestor: Possibly Illyria
Friends: Israel (Her most unlikely friend but their friendship is due to the help the Albanians gave to the Jewish communities in WW2), Denmark (One of her constant support when she needed the help), Greece (She sees him as a very stylish person although he wishes Albania would just leave him alone), Kosovo (One of Albania's neighbors and the one who gets her full support.), Russia, and Turkey (Its a kind of love-hate relationship)
Dislikes: Serbia (The two have never been the closest. There are usually issues between the two, one of the main ones is Kosovo getting Albania's full support)
Pets: A large black eagle named Kushtim
Potential Love Interest(s): Possibly Israel or Denmark but either is not confirmed.
Foreign Relationships: Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, the Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Mexico, the United States, Armenia, the People’s Republic of China, Pakistan, the State of Palestine, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Qatar, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Algeria, Angola, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Australia

Brief History
Past Ruler(s): Turkey (When he was still the Ottoman Empire), Italy, Germany, and Russia
History: It is believed that Illyria, a kingdom which later became a Roman province, was Albania's Parent as she has no counterpart in antiquity unlike most of the other countries around her.

{Ottoman Empire}

Albania spent her early days as small territories of neighboring countries for the most part until she was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1385 as the Sanjak of Albania.
She had been a major prize for the Ottoman Empire as she was one of the first Ottoman Administrative units in the Balkans.
There was a revolt against the Empire in 1432 which lasted until 1436, after it was suppressed, everything was easy until the Sanjak of Albania was disestablished in 1466 and split into the Sanjak of Elbasan and Sanjak of Avlona.
These two regions would remain seperate.
During the First Balkan War at the end of 1912 the Sanjak of Elbasan together with most of the territory of Albania was occupied and annexed by the Kingdom of Serbia.
The two regions were disestablished and the (short-lived) Principality of Albania was finally created in 1914.

{World War 1}

But once WW1 had started, Albania was shortly abandoned by her main boss, Prince William and faced many issues amongst the population and the new invasions of Greece and Italy. Serbia and Montenegro occupied parts of northern half of her country until a Central Powers offensive scattered Serbia's army. The forces of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Bulgarian forces then occupied about two-thirds of the country.
There were Republics springing up left and right before failing.

The Albanian Republic was a De facto protectorate of Italy from 1925 to 1928.
The Republic of Mirdita was an Unrecognized state from July 17th, 1921 to November 20th, 1921.

Those years were by far the toughest of Albania's long life.
The Principality of Albania was then reestablished from 1920 to 1925 until it fell as well.

Then the Albanian Kingdom was born in 1928 as a De facto protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy. She was the only European country headed by a Muslim monarch after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in 1922.

{World War 2; Italian Control}

The two countries of Albania and Italy remained close as ever--
Until Italy's sudden surprise invasion of the poor country in 1939, She was again abandoned by her main boss, Zog I who fled into exile with his wife and newborn son, taking with them a considerable amount of gold from the National Bank of Tirana and Durrës.

In spite of her long-standing protection and alliance with Italy, on April 7th, 1939, Italian troops invaded Albania, five months before the start of the Second World War.
The Albanian armed resistance proved ineffective against the Italians and, after a short defense, the country was occupied. On 9 April 1939 the Albanian king, Zog I fled to Greece. Although Albania had been a de facto Italian protectorate since 1927, Italy's political leader required direct control over the country to increase his own prestige and provide a response to Germany's annexation of Austria and occupation of Czechoslovakia.

Albania was an Italian protectorate subordinated to Italian interests. The Albanian armed forces were subsumed in the Italian military, Italian advisers were placed inside all levels of the Albanian administration, and the country fascisticized with the establishment of an Albanian Fascist Party and its attendant organizations, all which were modeled after the Italian prototype. Italian citizens began to settle in Albania as colonists and to own land so that they could gradually transform it into Italian soil.
Albania was important culturally and historically to the nationalist aims of the Italian Fascists, as the territory of Albania had long been part of the Roman Empire, even prior to the annexation of northern Italy by the Romans. She had once been influenced and owned by Italian powers, chiefly the Kingdom of Naples and the Republic of Venice for many years. The Italian Fascist regime legitimized its claim to Albania through studies proclaiming the racial affinity of Albanians and Italians. Italian Fascists claimed that Albanians were linked through ethnic heritage to Italians due to links with the prehistoric Italiotes, Illyrian and Roman populations, and that the major influence exhibited by the Roman and Venetian empires over Albania justified Italy's right to possess it.

In October of 1940, during the Greco-Italian War, Albania served as a staging-area for Italy's dictator's unsuccessful invasion of Greece. He planned to invade Greece and other countries like Yugoslavia in the area to give Italy territorial control of most of the Mediterranean Sea coastline in which Italy would dominate the Mediterranean. But the Albanian army under the command of colonel (later general) Prenk Pervizi abandoned the Italian soldiers in combat, causing a major unraveling of their lines. The Albanian army believed to be the cause of the betrayal was removed from the front. The Colonel Pervizi and his staff of officials were isolated in the mountains of Puka and Shkodra to the North.
This would be the first action of revolt against the Italian occupation.
Soon after the Italian invasion, the Greeks counter-attacked and a sizable portion of Albania was in Greek hands. In April of 1941, Greece capitulated after an overwhelming German invasion. All of Albania's land was returned to Italian control, which was also extended to most of Greece, which was jointly occupied by Italy, Germany and Bulgaria.
After the fall of Yugoslavia and Greece in April 1941, the Italian government began negotiations with Germany, Bulgaria, and the newly established client state, the Independent State of Croatia, on defining their borders. In April, the Italian leader called for the borders of Albania to be expanded, this would include annexing Montenegro into Albania that would have an autonomous government within Albania, and expanding Albania's border eastwards. However the Italian government changed its positions on the border throughout April, later supporting the annexation of Ohrid while giving the territory lying directly outside of Ochrid to the Slavic Macedonians. After a period of negotiations Italy's new Balkan borders - including Albania's new borders, were declared by royal decree on June 7th, 1941.
After the Italian capitulation in September 1943, the country was occupied by the Germans until the end of the war.

{World War 2; German Control}

In anticipation of such invasion, the Wehrmacht drew up a series of military plans for action against Italian holdings in the Balkans code-named Konstantin. Even more directly, in July and August of 1943, the German army occupied Albanian airports and ports, ostensibly to protect Italian Albania from the possibility of an Allied invasion. By mid-August there were some six thousand German troops in Albania.
The German government planned to construct an independent neutral Albania controlled by a government friendly to Germany. After the Mukje Agreement was broken by the Albanian Partisans, war broke out between the Albanian Partisans and the Balli Kombëtar.
After the capitulation of Italian forces on September 8th, 1943, German troops swiftly occupied Albania with two divisions. The Germans formed a 'neutral government' in Tirana with the Balli Kombëtar.
The Germans were intent on setting up an autonomous administration and endeavored to persuade Albania's leaders to form a government to take over the administration of the country themselves. Many hesitated, in particular when rumors spread that British forces were preparing to invade Albania. On September 14th, 1943, her government was then set up under Ibrahim Biçaku of Elbasan, Bedri Pejani and Xhafer Deva of Kosovo. The national assembly began to function on October 16th, 1943, electing a four-member High Regency Council to govern the country.
The new government, which promised to remain neutral in the war, succeeded in restoring a good deal of stability.The administration and justice systems functioned once again, and Albanian schools were reopened throughout northern and central Albania. Steps were also taken to implement a land reform.
On July 13th, 1944, Albania attained formal independence under German aegis. Albania had a status similar to that of Croatia and Slovakia, having relative sovereignty. Ante Pavelic's Ustashi regime in Croatia extended their recognition to the Albanians.
With the Grand Alliance established, the Germans began losing the war. With the current situation favouring the communists, the partisans began a full scale attack on the Germans and Balli Kombëtar. British Liaison officers in Albania noted that the Communists were using the arms they received to fight fellow Albanians far more than to harass the Germans. The west noted that the Communists could not have won without the supplies and armaments from the British, America and Yugoslavia, and that the LNC were not afraid of murdering their country men

A little known fact was, despite everything happening at once, Albania and her people still chose to hide those that were sought after, namely the Jewish communities.
At the end of WW2, Albania had a larger Jewish population than before the war.

{Cold War; Communist Albania}

On November 29th, 1944, Albania was liberated by the National Liberation Movement (LNC). The Anti-Fascist National Liberation Council, formed in May, became her provisional government.
The government, like the LNC, was dominated by the two-year-old Communist Party of Albania. From the start, the LNC regime was an undisguised Communist regime. Having sidelined the nationalist Balli Kombëtar, the government moved quickly to consolidate its power, liberate the country's tenants and workers, and join Albania fraternally with other socialist countries. King Zog I was barred from ever returning to Albania, though the country nominally remained a monarchy.
In December of 1945, Albanians elected a new People's Assembly, but voters were presented with a single list from the Communist-dominated Democratic Front (previously the National Liberation Movement). The assembly convened in January of 1946. Its first act was to formally abolish the monarchy and declare Albania a "people's republic." However the country had been a Communist state for just over two years. After months of angry debate, the assembly adopted a constitution that mirrored the Yugoslav and Soviet constitutions.
In late 1945 and early 1946, Xoxe and other party hard-liners purged moderates who had pressed for close contacts with the West, a modicum of political pluralism, and a delay in the introduction of strict communist economic measures until Albania's economy had more time to develop. Hoxha remained in control despite the fact that he had once advocated restoring relations with Italy and even allowing Albanians to study in Italy.
The communists also undertook economic measures to expand their power. In December of 1944, the provisional government adopted laws allowing the state to regulate foreign and domestic trade, commercial enterprises, and the few industries she possessed. The laws sanctioned confiscation of property belonging to political exiles and "enemies of the people."
In August of 1945, her provisional government adopted the first sweeping agricultural reforms in Albania's history. The country's 100 largest landowners, who controlled close to a third of Albania's arable land, had frustrated all agricultural reform proposals before the war. The communists' reforms were aimed at squeezing large landowners out of business, winning peasant support, and increasing farm output to avert famine. The government annulled outstanding agricultural debts, granted peasants access to inexpensive water for irrigation, and nationalized forest and pastureland.
Under the Agrarian Reform Law, which redistributed about half of Albania's arable land, the government confiscated property belonging to absentee landlords and people not dependent on agriculture for a living. The few peasants with agricultural machinery were permitted to keep up to 400,000 square metres (4,300,000 sq ft) of land; the landholdings of religious institutions and peasants without agricultural machinery were limited to 200,000 square metres (2,200,000 sq ft); and landless peasants and peasants with tiny landholdings were given up to 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft), although they had to pay nominal compensation.
Until Yugoslavia's expulsion from the Cominform in 1948, Albania was effectively a Yugoslav satellite. In repudiating the 1943 Albanian internal Mukaj agreement under pressure from the Yugoslavs, Albania's communists had given up on their demands for a Yugoslav cession of Kosovo to Albania after the war. In January of 1945, the two governments signed a treaty establishing Kosovo as a Yugoslav autonomous province. Shortly thereafter, Yugoslavia became the first country to recognize Albania's provisional government.
In July 1946, Yugoslavia and Albania signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation that was quickly followed by a series of technical and economic agreements laying the groundwork for integrating the Albanian and Yugoslav economies. The pacts provided for coordinating the economic plans of both states, standardizing their monetary systems, and creating a common pricing system and a customs union. So close was the Yugoslav-Albanian relationship that Serbo-Croatian became a required subject in the Albanian high schools.
Relations between Albania and Yugoslavia declined. In addition, the Albanians sought investment funds to develop light industries and an oil refinery, while the Yugoslavs wanted the Albanians to concentrate on agriculture and raw-material extraction. In 1947, Yugoslavia acted against anti-Yugoslav Albanian communists.
The insignificance of Albania's standing in the communist world was clearly highlighted when the emerging East European nations did not invite the Albanian party to the September 1947 founding meeting of the Cominform. Rather, Yugoslavia represented Albania at Cominform meetings. Although the Soviet Union had given Albania a pledge to build textile and sugar mills and other factories and to provide Albania agricultural and industrial machinery, Russia's boss had told another man that Yugoslavia should "swallow" Albania.
Albania entered an orbit around the Soviet Union, and in September of 1948 Moscow stepped in to compensate for Albania's loss of Yugoslav aid. The shift proved to be a boon for Albania because Moscow had far more to offer than hard-strapped Belgrade. The fact that the Soviet Union had no common border with Albania also appealed to the Albanian regime because it made it more difficult for Moscow to exert pressure on Tirana. In November at the First Party Congress of the Albanian Party of Labor (APL), the former Albanian Communist Party, Hoxha pinned the blame for the country's woes on Yugoslavia and Xoxe. Hoxha had Xoxe sacked as internal affairs minister in October, replacing him with Shehu.
After a secret trial in May 1949, Xoxe was executed. The subsequent anti-Titoist purges in Albania brought the liquidation of 14 members of the party's 31 person Central Committee and 32 of the 109 People's Assembly deputies. Overall, the party expelled about 25% of its membership. Yugoslavia responded with a propaganda counterattack, canceled its treaty of friendship with Albania, and in 1950 withdrew its diplomatic mission from Tirana.

Albania's relations with the Western countries soured after the communist regime's refusal to allow free elections in December of 1945. She restricted the movement of United States and British personnel in her country, charging that they had instigated anticommunist uprisings in the northern mountains. Britain announced in April that it would not send a diplomatic mission to Albania; the United States withdrew its mission in November; and both the United States and Britain opposed admitting Albania to the United Nations. The Albanian regime feared that the United States and Britain, which were supporting anticommunist forces in the civil war in Greece, would back Greek demands for territory in southern Albania; and anxieties grew in July when a United States Senate resolution backed the Greek demands.
A major incident between Albania and Britain erupted in 1946 after she claimed jurisdiction over the channel between the Albanian mainland and the Greek island of Corfu. Britain challenged Albania by sailing four destroyers into the channel. Two of the ships struck mines on October 22nd, 1946, and 44 crew members died. Britain complained to the UN and the International Court of Justice which, in its first case ever, ruled against Albania.
Following a wave of subversive activity, including the failed infiltration in 1950 to 1952 and the March 1951 bombing of the Soviet embassy in Tirana, the Albanian regime implemented harsh internal security measures. In September 1952, the assembly enacted a penal code that required the death penalty for anyone over eleven years old found guilty of conspiring against the state, damaging state property, or committing economic sabotage.

Albania became dependent on the Soviet aid and know-how after the break up with Yugoslavia back in 1948. In February 1949, Albania gained membership in the communist bloc's organization for coordinating economic planning, the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. Albania soon entered into trade agreements with Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and the Soviet Union. Soviet and East European technical advisers took up residence in Albania, and the Soviet Union also sent Albania several military advisers and built a submarine installation on Sazan Island. After the Soviet-Yugoslav split, Albania and Bulgaria were the only countries that the Soviet Union could use to funnel war material to the communist soldiers fighting in Greece.
What little strategic value Albania could offer to the Soviet Union, however, gradually shrank as the nuclear arms technology quickly developed.

Soviet-Albanian relations remained warm despite the fact that Albania was an economic liability for the Soviet Union. Albania conducted all its foreign trade with Soviet European countries in 1949, 1950, and 1951 and over half its trade with the Soviet Union itself. Together with its satellites, the Soviet Union underwrote shortfalls in Albania's balance of payments with long-term grants.

After Russia's leader died in March of 1953, apparently fearing that the Soviet ruler's demise might encourage rivals within the Albanian party's ranks, neither Hoxha nor Shehu risked traveling to the Russian capital of Moscow to attend his funeral. The Soviet Union's subsequent movement toward rapprochement with the hated Yugoslavs rankled Albania's two leaders. Albania soon came under pressure from Russia to copy, at least formally, the new Soviet model for a collective leadership.
In July of that same year, Hoxha handed over the foreign affairs and defense portfolios to loyal followers, but he kept both the top party post and the premiership until 1954, when Shehu became Albania's prime minister. The Soviet Union, responding with an effort to raise the Albanian leaders' morale, elevated diplomatic relations between the two countries to the ambassadorial level.
Despite some initial expressions of enthusiasm, Hoxha and Shehu mistrusted Nikita Khrushchev's programs of a "peaceful coexistence" and "different roads to socialism" because they appeared to pose the threat that Yugoslavia might again try to take control of Albania. Her two leader were also alarmed at the prospect that Russia might prefer less dogmatic rulers in Albania. The Albanian duo instead tightened their grip on their country's domestic life and let the propaganda war with the Yugoslavs grind on.
In 1955 Albania became a founding member of the Warsaw Treaty Organization, better known as the Warsaw Pact, the only military alliance the nation ever joined. Although the pact represented the first promise Albania had obtained from any of the communist countries to defend its borders, the treaty did nothing to assuage the Albanian leaders' deep mistrust of Yugoslavia.
Hoxha and Shehu tapped into Albania's and her citizens' deep-seated fear of Yugoslav domination to remain in power during the thaw following the Twentieth Party Congress of the Communist party of the Soviet Union in 1956.
Albania played a role in the Sino-Soviet conflict far outweighing either her size or her importance in the communist world. By 1958 Albania stood with the People's Republic of China in opposing Russia on issues of peaceful coexistence and Yugoslavia's "separate road to socialism" through decentralization of economic life. The Soviet Union, other East European countries, and China all offered Albania large amounts of aid. Soviet leaders also promised to build a large Palace of Culture in Tirana as a symbol of the Soviet people's "love and friendship" for the Albanians. But despite these gestures, Albania was dissatisfied with Russia's economic policy toward Albania. Hoxha and Shehu apparently decided in May or June of 1960 that Albania was assured of Chinese support.

The Sino-Soviet split burst into the open in June of 1960. Albania's delegation, alone among the European delegations, supported China. The Soviet Union immediately retaliated by organizing a campaign to oust Hoxha and Shehu in the summer of 1960. Russia's government cut promised grain deliveries to Albania during a drought, and the Soviet embassy in Tirana overtly encouraged a pro-Soviet faction in the Party of Labour of Albania (APL) to speak out against the party's pro-Chinese stance. Russia also apparently involved himself in a plot within the APL to unseat Hoxha and Shehu by force. But given their tight control of the party machinery, army, and Shehu's secret police, the Directorate of State Security, the two Albanian leaders easily parried the threat. The PRC immediately began making up for the cancellation of Soviet wheat shipments despite a paucity of foreign currency and its own economic hardships.

Albania again sided with the People's Republic of China when it launched an attack on the Soviet Union's leadership of the international communist movement at the November 1960 Moscow conference of the world's 81 communist parties. Hoxha inveighed against Khrushchev for encouraging Greek claims to southern Albania, sowing discord within the APL and army, and using economic blackmail.
For the next year, Albania played proxy for Communist China. Pro-Soviet communist parties, reluctant to confront the PRC directly, criticized China by castigating Albania. Communist China, for its part, frequently gave prominence to the Albanians' fulminations against the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, which Albania often referred to as a "socialist hell."

After additional sharp exchanges between Soviet and Chinese delegates over Albania at the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Twenty-Second Party Congress in October 1961 and the Soviet Union finally broke diplomatic relations with Albania in December of that same year. Russia then withdrew all Soviet economic advisers and technicians from the country, including those at work on the Palace of Culture, and halted shipments of supplies and spare parts for equipment already in place in Albania. In addition, the Soviet Union continued to dismantle its naval installations on Sazan Island, a process that had begun even before the break in relations.
Communist China again compensated Albania for the loss of Soviet economic support, supplying about 90% of the parts, food, and other goods the Soviet Union had promised. China lent the Albanian people money on more favorable terms than Russia, and, unlike Soviet advisers, Chinese technicians earned the same low pay as Albanian workers and lived in similar housing. For its part, Albania offered China a beachhead in Europe and acted as Communist China's chief spokesman at the UN. To Albania's dismay, however, Chinese equipment and technicians were not nearly as sophisticated as the Soviet goods and advisers they replaced. Ironically, a language barrier even forced the Chinese and Albanian technicians to communicate in Russian.
Albanians no longer took part in Warsaw Pact activities or Comecon agreements. The other East European communist nations, however, did not break diplomatic or trade links with Albania.
The shift away from the Soviet Union wreaked havoc on Albania's economy. Half of its imports and exports had been geared toward Soviet suppliers and markets, so the souring of it's relations with Russia brought Albania's foreign trade to near collapse as China proved incapable of delivering promised machinery and equipment on time. The low productivity, flawed planning, poor workmanship, and inefficient management at Albanian enterprises became clear when Soviet and East European aid and advisers were withdrawn. In 1962, the Albanian government introduced an austerity program, appealing to the people to conserve resources, cut production costs, and abandon unnecessary investment.

In October of 1964, Hoxha hailed Khrushchev's fall from power, and the Soviet Union's new leaders made overtures to Albania. It soon became clear, however, that the new Soviet leadership had no intention of changing basic policies to suit Albania, and the relations failed to improve. Soviet-Albanian relations dipped to new lows after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, Albania felt that the Soviet Union itself had become too liberal since the death of its leader, so Albania withdrew from the Warsaw Pact. the other countries made no attempt to force Albania to remain.

In the mid-1960s, Albania's leaders grew wary of a threat to their power by a burgeoning bureaucracy. Party discipline had eroded by now. As a result, after Mao Zedong unleashed the Cultural Revolution in China in 1966, Hoxha launched his own Cultural and Ideological Revolution. The Albanian leader concentrated on reforming the military, government bureaucracy, and economy as well as on creating new support for his system. The regime abolished military ranks, reintroduced political commissars into the military, and renounced professionalism in the army. Railing against a "white-collar mentality," the authorities also slashed the salaries of mid- and high-level officials, ousted administrators and specialists from their desk jobs, and sent such persons to toil in the factories and fields. Six ministries, including the Ministry of Justice, were eliminated. Farm collectivization spread to even the remote mountains.
In 1967, the authorities conducted a violent campaign to extinguish religious life in Albania, claiming that religion had divided the Albanian nation and kept it mired in backwardness. Student agitators combed the countryside, forcing Albanians to quit practicing their faith. Despite complaints, even by APL members, all churches, mosques, monasteries, and other religious institutions had been closed or converted into warehouses, gymnasiums, and workshops by year's end. A special decree abrogated the charters by which the country's main religious communities had operated. The campaign culminated in an announcement that Albania had become the world's first atheistic state, a feat trumpeted as one of Enver Hoxha's greatest achievements.
Traditional kinship links in Albania, centered on the patriarchal family, were shattered by the postwar repression of clan leaders, collectivization of agriculture, industrialization, migration from the countryside to urban areas, and suppression of religion. The postwar regime brought a radical change in the status of Albania's women. Considered second-class citizens in traditional Albanian society, women performed most of the work at home and in the fields. Before World War II, about 90% of Albania's women were illiterate, and in many areas they were regarded as chattels under ancient tribal laws and customs. During the Cultural and Ideological Revolution, the party encouraged women to take jobs outside the home in an effort to compensate for labor shortages and to overcome their conservatism. Hoxha himself proclaimed that anyone who trampled on the party's edict on women's rights should be "hurled into the fire."

Albanian-Chinese relations had stagnated by 1970, and when the Asian giant began to reemerge from isolation in the early 1970s, Mao and the other Communist Chinese leaders reassessed their commitment to tiny Albania. In response, Albania began broadening her contacts with the outside world.
Albania opened trade negotiations with France, Italy, and the recently independent Asian and African states, and in 1971 it normalized relations with Yugoslavia and Greece.
Albania's leaders abhorred the People's Republic of China's contacts with the United States in the early 1970s. Albania actively worked to reduce its dependence on Communist China by diversifying trade and improving diplomatic and cultural relations, especially with Western Europe. But Albania shunned the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and was the only European country that refused to take part in the Helsinki Conference of July 1975. The Sino-Albanian split left Albania with no foreign protector.
Albania ignored calls by the United States and the Soviet Union to normalise relations. Instead, Albania expanded diplomatic ties with Western Europe and the developing nations and began stressing the principle of self-reliance as the keystone of the country's strategy for economic development. However, Hoxha's cautious opening toward the outside world stirred up nascent movements for change inside Albania. As the dictator's health slipped, muted calls arose for the relaxation of party controls and greater openness. In response, Hoxha launched a series of purges that removed the defense minister and many top military officials. A year later, Hoxha purged ministers responsible for the economy and replaced them with younger people.
In December of 1976, Albania adopted her second constitution of the postwar era. The document guaranteed Albanians freedom of speech, the press, organization, association, and assembly but subordinated these rights to the individual's duties to society as a whole. The constitution enshrined in law the idea of autarky and prohibited the government from seeking financial aid or credits or from forming joint companies with partners from capitalist or revisionist communist countries. The constitution's preamble also boasted that the foundations of religious belief in Albania had been abolished.
When Hoxha died on April 11th, 1985, he left Albania a legacy of repression, technological backwardness, isolation, and fear of the outside world. Alia succeeded to the presidency and became legal secretary of the APL two days later. In due course, he became a dominant figure in the Albanian media, and his slogans appeared painted in crimson letters on signboards across the country.
After Hoxha's death, Alia took his place. Alia tried to follow in Hoxha's footsteps, but political changes had already started and the fall of communism throughout south central Europe led to widespread changes within Albanian society.
On March 22, 1992, the Communists were trumped by the Democratic Party in national elections. The change from dictatorship to democracy had many challenges. The Democratic Party had to implement the reforms it had promised, but they were either too slow or did not solve the problems, so people were disappointed when their hopes for fast prosperity went unfulfilled.

{Recent Years}

In the general elections in June of 1996 the Democratic Party tried to win an absolute majority and manipulated the results. This government collapsed in 1997 in the wake of additional collapses of pyramid schemes and widespread corruption, which caused chaos and rebellion throughout the country. The government attempted to suppress the rebellion by military force but the attempt failed, due to long-term corruption of the armed forces, forcing other nations to intervene. Pursuant to the 1991 interim basic law, Albanians ratified a constitution in 1998, establishing a democratic system of government based upon the rule of law and guaranteeing the protection of fundamental human rights.
In 1999, the country was affected by the Kosovo War, when a great number of Albanians from Kosovo found refuge in Albania.
Albania became a full member of NATO in 2009, and has applied to join the European Union.

Albania still has some struggles due to the mistakes she's made in the past but she tries not to let those mistakes hold her back from making them up in the present.

Base by ~HetaliaSlovenia
Hetalia © Hidekaz Himaruya
Albania/ Roza Stakosha © ~MapleBeer-Shipper

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