Temple of Isis Picture

Isis is a Moon goddess in Egyptian mythology and also identified with Sothis, the Greek name for the star Sirius from the constellation of Orion.
She was most prominent mythologically as the wife and sister of Osiris and mother of Horus, and was worshipped as the archetypal wife and mother. Also is the goddess of medicine and wisdom, fertility, magic and giver of life.

Her name, Eset in ancient Egyptian language, Isis in Greek, literally means "(female) of throne", that is, "Queen of the throne", which was portrayed by the emblem worn on her head, that of a throne. Sometimes she was portrayed with the horned sun disc like in this drawing. However, the hieroglyph of her name originally meant "(female) of flesh", perhaps she was mortal, and she may simply have represented deified, historical queens.

Her origins are uncertain but are believed to have come from the Nile Delta; however, unlike other Egyptian deities, she did not have a centralised cult at any point throughout her worship.
First mentions of Isis date back to the 5th dynasty of Egypt which is when the first literary inscriptions are found, but her cult became prominent late in Egyptian history, when it began to absorb the cults of many other goddesses.
The Egyptian goddess Isis played an important role in the development of modern religions, although her influence has been largely forgotten.
She was worshipped throughout the Greco-Roman world. During the 4th century when Christianity was making its foothold in the Roman Empire, her worshippers founded the first Madonna cults in order to keep her influence alive.




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