Shaman Picture

the man actually is not a shaman, rather a táltos
táltos is about the hungarian shaman, but i think a bit more
instead of trying to describe the differences between a táltos and a shaman, let me copy what wikipedia says about this:

"The táltos (also "tátos") (Pron: 'tal-tosh) is a figure in Hungarian mythology similar to a shaman.
According to Roman Catholic priest Arnold Ipolyi, in his book "Magyar mitológia" (Hungarian Mythology) from 1854, a táltos was in direct contact with God during the prenatal period. Once born, the táltos had a special mission in life to cure both body and soul of other members of society. The táltos could be either male or female, and should be born with unusual features, like six fingers (altogether 11 or 12 fingers) or already-grown-in teeth.
During their childhood, they had to be brought up in secret to learn everything to be some kind of shaman.
The táltos was able to go into a deep meditation called "révülés", and in such a state could cure sickness of any kind. The táltos also had a mission to communicate with the entire Hungarian nation in a time of danger, to warn against invading armies or an impending cultural collapse.
The main difference between shaman and táltos:
* The shamans learn to be shamans, while táltos get their power during prenatal period, they "know" everything once born.
* The shamans use external materials to go into mediation, táltos can do "révülés" without anything. In fact táltos look like ordinary people.
* The shamans usually do some kind of acting (dancing, mumbling, etc) when they are in "operation", while táltos are always without any movement or sound.
* The shaman tradition is without horse, while táltos tradition is tied to "táltos horse".
* The táltos has a personalised mission in life from God.
According to general consensus, the táltos were considered as part of pagan religion, and were persecuted in a witch-hunt during the reign of King Stephen I of Hungary. There is evidence, though, that the táltos were still existing until the Habsburg era, when this tradition was terminated. Maria Theresa made a law requiring that all babies born with teeth or with six fingers be reported and killed, a deliberate act against surviving táltos. The painted ceiling of the church of Székelyderzsi had a figure with six fingers, it was renovated, "correcting" the picture to five fingers.
According to folklore tradition, the égi táltos (or heavenly táltos) is Jesus Christ"

[From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia]
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