Castor and Pollux Picture

The Temple of the Dioscuri, the twins Castor and Pollux, was built in 495 B.C. after the victory of the Romans at Lake Regillus over the Latin League led by the Roman ex-king, Tarquinius Superbus. The Romans claimed the semi-divine Dioscuri, sons of Leda and of Zeus (Pollux) and the mortal king Tyndareus (Castor), helped them win the fight. Next to Hercules, the Dioscuri were the most frequently invoked deities, at least in Republican times. Men swore largely by Pollux ("edepol"), and women by Castor ("mecastor" or "ecastor"), though the gender divide was not absolute.

The temple was rebuilt several times, and took its final shape under Augustus after a fire destroyed the Forum. The dedicator was the future emperor Tiberius. Today, only three corinthian-style columns stand above the Forum Romanum in Rome.
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