Brennos Picture

- Nick McDowell

This is a collage I did for class about six months ago. Made of news print, glue and tissue paper with illustrations in charcoal, It took a long time to make and was very messy but the end result speaks for itself. I'm very happy with this one.

Brennps (Of the Senones) Was a Gaulish leader who marched at the head of assembled Celtic Warbands circa 390 BC. First against the Etruscan city of Clusium and then against Rome. Brennos was known as Regulus (young king, prince) of the Gaulish tribe of the Senones. He routed the Roman army eleven miles from Rome, near the confluence of the river Allia and Tiber, and occupied the city. After a protracted duration in the city the Romans sued for peace and the Romans represented by Quintus Sulpicius agreed to pay 1,000 pounds of gold to buy the city back.

On the date that the payment was to be collected the Celts (allegedly) brought fraudulent weights to measure the gold. Quintus Slpicius called Brennos on this to which Brennos exclaimed “Vae Victis” or “woe to the vanquished” and threw his sword on the Celts side of the weights, further increasing the amount the Romans had to pay.

Mythology takes over from there. What is known is that the Romans lost the territory they held in Italy, along with all of their historical writings from the period, (seriously curtailing what we know of their founding) After this period the Celts still had defacto control over the territories with Rome acting as a vassal state. It took 40 years for the Romans to shake off that status and an additional 200 to reconquer their portion of Italy.

Brennos was never heard from again in classical literature, Presumably he went home a happy man.

A century later a second man called Brennos invaded and conquered Macedonia and Thraces. Elements of his army went on to sack the city of Delphi (a temple city laden with valuable objects, basically 400 years of the Greek states combined GDP) and conquer the bulk of Anatolia
Continue Reading: Delphi