Trinacria Sicilian symbol tattoo Picture

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The word Trinacria means triangle and refers to the shape of the island of Sicily (“Sicilia” in Italian), the largest island in the Mediterranean. The island of Sicily was known as Trinacrium by the Romans, meaning “star with three points.”
The Trinacria symbol is the head of Medusa (a gorgon with a head of snakes), surrounded by three bent running legs, and three stalks of wheat. Due to the islands distinct triangular shape, the symbol has also been adopted by the Sicilian government and is located on the center of Sicily's flag. The Trinacria's shape is often referred to as a triskelion; this shape can be found in many places among the general Mediterranean Basin region and in many European countries like France, Sicily, Crete, Greece, the North African coast, and the Isle of Man. The triskelions found in these locations have all dated back to after the eighth century BC.
The three bent running legs represent the three capes of Sicily, Peloro (Punta del Faro, Tip of Faro, Messina: North-East), Passero (Syracuse: South), and Lilibeo(Cape Boeo, Marsala: West), which also creates the three points of the triangle.[3] Native Sicilians, left breathless by the beauty of Sicily’s shores, likened and compared them to those of a women.[4] The three ears of wheat, surrounding the head of Medusa, represent the fertility of the land of Sicily. The Romans would celebrate the extreme fertility of the island, during a period when Sicily was the granary of the Roman empire.[6] The center Medusa head in the middle of the Trinacria implies the protection of the island by the goddess Athena, the patron goddess of Sicily. In early mythology, when Medusa was renowned as Athena’s destructive aspect, slain and beheaded by Perseus, the Medusa head was accessorized in the center of Athena's shield.
The Trinacria came to be on the Sicilian flag in 1943 during World War II when Andrea Finocchiaro Aprile lead an independence movement, in collaboration with the allies. Their plan was to help Sicily become independent and form a free Republic. The separatist behind the movement used a yellow and red flag with the trinacria in the center of it. When World War II ended, Sicily was recognized as an autonomous region in the Italian republic. Although the Trinacria was recognized worldwide on Sicily's flag in World War II, the distinct symbol made its first debut on syracusan coins dating back to the fourth century BC.


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