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Macassan or more correctly Makassar trepangers from the southwest corner of Sulawesi (formerly Celebes), Indonesia, visited the coast of northern Australia for hundreds of years to process trepang (also known as sea cucumber or "sandfish"): a marine invertebrate prized for its culinary and medicinal values in Chinese markets.

Historians are unsure as to when the journeys began from Makassar (also known as Ujung Pandang), to Marege',[2] the name the Makassar gave to northern coastal regions of Australia.[3] Trepang trade from Makassar appears to have begun around 1720, though some writers suggest the voyages began 300 years earlier (about 1400). The extent of their journeys ranged thousands of kilometers, from the Kimberley region of Western Australia to Mornington Island in the east of the Gulf of Carpentaria.
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The Yolngu or Yolŋu (IPA: [ˈjoːlŋʊ]) are an Indigenous Australian people inhabiting north-eastern Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia. Yolngu means “person” in the Yolŋu languages.

Yolŋu sustained good trade relations with Macassan fisherman for several hundred years. The Macassan respected the land as Yolŋu land; they only ever camped on the beach, and generally avoided contact with Yolŋu women.

They made yearly visits to harvest trepang and pearls, paying Yolŋu in kind with goods such as knives, metal, canoes, tobacco and pipes.

The Yolŋu folklore (the Djanggawul myths) has preserved accounts of the Baijini people, who appear to be distinct from the Macassans. The Baijini have been variously interpreted by modern researchers as a different group of (presumably, SE Asian) visitors to Australia who may have visited Arnhem Land before the Macassans,[2] as a mythological reflection of the experiences of some Yolŋu people who have traveled to Sulawesi with the Macassans and came back,[3] or, in more fringe views, even as visitors from China.[4]

In 1906, the South Australian Government did not renew the Macassan's permit to harvest trepang. This loss of trade caused some disruption to the Yolŋu way of life, particularly since they did not know why the Macassan had stopped coming.
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Hetalia, England aph, Spain aph, Egypt aph, Italy aph, Macau aph & Netherlands aph belonged to Himaruya H.
Spice Islands is Maluku Islands in Indonesia.
Indonesia aph, Malaysia aph & Portugal aph based on Himaruya\'s sketch. ([link])

Al-Andalus design by 増田ヒメノ in pixiv, link :[link]

Scotland aph & Luxembourg aph from Hetawiki : [link]
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