Hesiod, The Homeric Hymns, and Homerica

Page: 145


1101 (return)
[ sc. in Boeotia, Locris and Thessaly: elsewhere the movement was forced and unfruitful.]

1102 (return)
[ The extant collection of three poems, "Works and Days", "Theogony", and "Shield of Heracles", which alone have come down to us complete, dates at least from the 4th century A.D.: the title of the [Paris] Papyrus (Bibl. Nat. Suppl. Gr. 1099) names only these three works.]

1103 (return)
[ "Der Dialekt des Hesiodes", p. 464: examples are AENEMI (W. and D. 683) and AROMENAI (ib. 22).]

1104 (return)
[ T.W. Allen suggests that the conjured Delian and Pythian hymns to [Apollo] ("Homeric Hymns" III) may have suggested this version of the story, the Pythian hymn showing strong continental influence.]

1105 (return)
[ She is said to have given birth to the lyrist Stesichorus.]

1106 (return)
[ See Kinkel "Epic. Graec. Frag." i. 158 ff.]

1107 (return)
[ See "Great Works", frag. 2.]

1108 (return)
[ "Hesiodi Fragmenta", pp. 119 f.]

1109 (return)
[ Possibly the division of this poem into two books is a division belonging solely to this 'developed poem', which may have included in its second part a summary of the Tale of [Troy].]

1110 (return)
[ Goettling's explanation.]

1111 (return)
[ x. 1. 52.]

1112 (return)
[ [Odysseus] appears to have been mentioned once only—and that casually—in the "Returns".]

1113 (return)
[ M.M. Croiset note that the "Aethiopis" and the "Sack" were originally merely parts of one work containing lays (the Amazoneia, Aethiopis, Persis, etc.), just as the "Iliad" contained various lays such as the Diomedeia.]

1114 (return)
[ No date is assigned to him, but it seems likely that he was either contemporary or slightly earlier than Lesches.]

1115 (return)
[ Cp. Allen and Sikes, "Homeric Hymns" p. xv. In the text I have followed the arrangement of these scholars, numbering the Hymns to Dionysus and to Demeter, I and II respectively: to place "Demeter" after "Hermes", and the Hymn to Dionysus at the end of the collection seems to be merely perverse.]

1116 (return)
[ "Greek Melic Poets", p. 165.]

1117 (return)
[ This monument was returned to Greece in the 1980's.— DBK.]

1118 (return)
[ Cp. Marckscheffel, "Hesiodi fragmenta", p. 35. The papyrus fragment recovered by Petrie ("Petrie Papyri", ed. Mahaffy, p. 70, No. xxv.) agrees essentially with the extant document, but differs in numerous minor textual points.]

1201 (return)
[ See Schubert, "Berl. Klassikertexte" v. 1.22 ff.; the other papyri may be found in the publications whose name they bear.]

1202 (return)
[ Unless otherwise noted, all MSS. are of the 15th century.]

1203 (return)
[ To this list I would also add the following: "Hesiod and Theognis", translated by Dorothea Wender (Penguin Classics, London, 1973).—DBK.]

1301 (return)
[ That is, the poor man's fare, like 'bread and cheese'.]

1302 (return)
[ The All-endowed.]

1303 (return)
[ The jar or casket contained the gifts of the gods mentioned in l.82.]

1304 (return)
[ Eustathius refers to Hesiod as stating that men sprung 'from oaks and stones and ashtrees'. Proclus believed that the Nymphs called [Meliae] ("Theogony", 187) are intended. Goettling would render: 'A race terrible because of their (ashen) spears.']

1305 (return)
[ Preserved only by Proclus, from whom some inferior MSS. have copied the verse. The four following lines occur only in Geneva Papyri No. 94. For the restoration of ll. 169b-c see "Class. Quart." vii. 219-220. (NOTE: Mr. Evelyn-White means that the version quoted by Proclus stops at this point, then picks up at l. 170.—DBK).]

1306 (return)
[ i.e. the race will so degenerate that at the last even a new-born child will show the marks of old age.]

1307 (return)
[ Aidos, as a quality, is that feeling of reverence or shame which restrains men from wrong: [Nemesis] is the feeling of righteous indignation aroused especially by the sight of the wicked in undeserved prosperity (cf. "Psalms", lxxii. 1-19).]

1308 (return)
[ The alternative version is: 'and, working, you will be much better loved both by gods and men; for they greatly dislike the idle.']

1309 (return)
[ i.e. neighbours come at once and without making preparations, but kinsmen by marriage (who live at a distance) have to prepare, and so are long in coming.]

1310 (return)
[ Early in May.]

1311 (return)
[ In November.]

1312 (return)
[ In October.]

1313 (return)
[ For pounding corn.]

1314 (return)
[ A mallet for breaking clods after ploughing.]

1315 (return)
[ The loaf is a flattish cake with two intersecting lines scored on its upper surface which divide it into four equal parts.]

1316 (return)
[ The meaning is obscure. A scholiast renders 'giving eight mouthfulls'; but the elder Philostratus uses the word in contrast to 'leavened'.]

1317 (return)
[ About the middle of November.]

1318 (return)
[ Spring is so described because the buds have not yet cast their iron-grey husks.]

1319 (return)
[ In December.]

1320 (return)
[ In March.]

1321 (return)
[ The latter part of January and earlier part of February.]

1322 (return)
[ i.e. the octopus or cuttle.]

1323 (return)
[ i.e. the darker-skinned people of Africa, the Egyptians or Aethiopians.]

1324 (return)
[ i.e. an old man walking with a staff (the 'third leg'— as in the riddle of the Sphinx).]

1325 (return)
[ February to March.]

1326 (return)
[ i.e. the snail. The season is the middle of May.]

1327 (return)
[ In June.]

1328 (return)
[ July.]

1329 (return)
[ i.e. a robber.]

1330 (return)
[ September.]

1331 (return)
[ The end of October.]

1332 (return)
[ That is, the succession of stars which make up the full year.]

1333 (return)
[ The end of October or beginning of November.]

1334 (return)
[ July-August.]

1335 (return)
[ i.e. untimely, premature. Juvenal similarly speaks of 'cruda senectus' (caused by gluttony).]