The Story of the Greeks

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E-text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Dave Macfarlane,
and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team


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Copyright, 1896, by


W. P. 15

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Theseus and the <strong><a href=Minotaur." title="Theseus and the Minotaur." /> Theseus and the Minotaur.

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This elementary history of Greece is intended for supplementary reading or as a first history text-book for young pupils. It is therefore made up principally of stories about persons; for, while history proper is largely beyond the comprehension of children, they are able at an early age to understand and enjoy anecdotes of people, especially of those in the childhood of civilization. At the same time, these stories will give a clear idea of the most important events that have taken place in the ancient world, and, it is hoped, will arouse a desire to read further. They also aim to enforce the lessons of perseverance, courage, patriotism, and virtue that are taught by the noble lives described.

A knowledge of ancient history, however superficial, is of very great value; and the classic legends are almost equally worth knowing, because of the prominent part they play in the world's literature. These tales make a deep impression on the minds of children, and the history thus learned almost in play will cling to the memory far more tenaciously than any lessons subsequently conned.

Many children leave school unacquainted with any history except that of the United States; which, dealing with less simple and primitive times than that of Greece, is apt to be so unattractive that the child never afterwards reads any historical works. It has been my intention to write a book which will give children[Pg 6] pleasure to read, and will thus counteract the impression that history is uninteresting.

A few suggestions to teachers may not be considered superfluous. In the first place, I have found historical anecdotes an excellent aid in teaching English. Pupils find it far from irksome to relate the stories in their own words, and to reproduce them in compositions. Secondly, whenever a city or country is mentioned, every pupil should point out its location on the map. By such means only can any one properly understand an historical narrative; and in the present case there is the added reason that the practice will go far towards increasing the child's interest in geography. Lastly, the teacher should take great care that the proper names are correctly pronounced. The most common errors are provided against in the text; for, on the first occurrence of such a word, it is divided into syllables, with the accent marked. It remains for the teacher to enforce the ordinary rules as to the proper sounds of vowels and consonants.

H. A. G.

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Map.between 10 and 11
I. Early Inhabitants of Greece.11
II. The Deluge of Ogyges13
III. The Founding of Many Important Cities15
IV. Story of Deucalion19
V. Story of Dædalus and Icarus21
VI. The Adventures of Jason24
VII. Theseus visits the Labyrinth26
VIII. The Terrible Prophecy29
IX. The Sphinx's Riddle30
X. Blindness and Death of Œdipus 34
XI. The Brothers' Quarrel37
XII. The Taking of Thebes39
XIII. The Childhood of Paris 41
XIV. The Muster of the Troops44
XV. The Sacrifice of Iphigenia46
XVI. The Wrath of Achilles48
XVII. Death of Hector and Achilles50
XVIII. The Burning of Troy52
XIX. Heroic Death of Codrus55
XX. The Blind Poet57
XXI. The Rise of Sparta61
XXII. The Spartan Training62
XXIII. The Brave Spartan Boy64
XXIV. Public Tables in Sparta67
XXV. Laws of Lycurgus69
XXVI. The Messenian War71
XXVII. The Music of Tyrtæus73
XXVIII. Aristomenes' Escape76
XXIX. The Olympic Games77
XXX. Milo of Croton81
XXXI. The Jealous Athlete83
XXXII. The Girls' Games84
XXXIII. The Bloody Laws of Draco86
XXXIV. The Laws of Solon89
XXXV. The First Plays92
XXXVI. The Tyrant Pisistratus95
XXXVII. The Tyrant's Insult97
XXXVIII. Death of the Conspirators99
XXXIX. Hippias driven out of Athens100
XL. The Great King104
XLI. Hippias visits Darius105
XLII. Destruction of the Persian Host108
XLIII. The Advance of the Second Host110
XLIV. The Battle of Marathon113
XLV. Miltiades' Disgrace115
XLVI. Aristides the Just117
XLVII. Two Noble Spartan Youths119
XLVIII. The Great Army121
XLIX. Preparations for Defense124
L. Leonidas at Thermopylæ127
LI. Death of Leonidas128
LII. The Burning of Athens131
LIII. The Battles of Salamis and Platæa133
LIV. The Rebuilding of Athens136
LV. Death of Pausanias138
LVI. Cimon improves Athens141
LVII. The Earthquake143
LVIII. The Age of Pericles146
LIX. The Teachings of Anaxagoras151
LX. Beginning of the Peloponnesian War152
LXI. Death of Pericles155
LXII. The Philosopher Socrates157
LXIII. Socrates' Favorite Pupil159
LXIV. Youth of Alcibiades163
LXV. Greek Colonies in Italy165
LXVI. Alcibiades in Disgrace167
LXVII. Death of Alcibiades169
LXVIII. The Overthrow of the Thirty Tyrants171
LXIX. Accusation of Socrates173
LXX. Death of Socrates175
LXXI. The Defeat of Cyrus180
LXXII. The Retreat of the Ten Thousand182
LXXIII. Agesilaus in Asia185
LXXIV. A Strange Interview186
LXXV. The Peace of Antalcidas189
LXXVI. The Theban Friends190
LXXVII. Thebes Free once more192
LXXVIII. The Battle of Leuctra195
LXXIX. Death of Pelopidas197
LXXX. The Battle of Mantinea199
LXXXI. The Tyrant of Syracuse201
LXXXII. Story of Damon and Pythias204
LXXXIII. The Sword of Damocles208
LXXXIV. Dion and Dionysius210
LXXXV. Civil War in Syracuse212
LXXXVI. Death of Dion214
LXXXVII. Philip of Macedon217
LXXXVIII. Philip begins his Conquests219
LXXXIX. The Orator Demosthenes221
XC. Philip masters Greece224
XCI. Birth of Alexander227
XCII. The Steed Bucephalus229
XCIII. Alexander as King232
XCIV. Alexander and Diogenes234
XCV. Alexander's Brilliant Beginning236
XCVI. The Gordian Knot238
XCVII. Alexander's Royal Captives241
XCVIII. Alexander at Jerusalem242
XCIX. The African Desert244
C. Death of Darius247
CI. Defeat of Porus249
CII. The Return to Babylon251
CIII. Death of Alexander the Great252
CIV. The Division of the Realm255
CV. Death of Demosthenes257
CVI. The Last of the Athenians260
CVII. The Colossus of Rhodes262
CVIII. The Battle of Ipsus265
CIX. Demetrius and the Athenians266
CX. The Achæan League268
CXI. Division in Sparta270
CXII. Death of Agis274
CXIII. The War of the Two Leagues276
CXIV. The Last of the Greeks278
CXV. Greece a Roman Province280