The Religion of the Ancient Celts

Page: 146

1152 Soon similar virtues were ascribed to the relics of the saints themselves, and at a later time, when most Scotsmen ceased to believe in the saints, they thought that the ministers of the kirk had powers like those of pagan Druid and Catholic saint. Ministers were levitated, or shone with a celestial light, or had clairvoyant gifts, or, with dire results, cursed the ungodly or the benighted prelatist. They prophesied, used trance-utterance, and exercised gifts of healing. Angels ministered to them, as when Samuel Rutherford, having fallen into a well when a child, was pulled out by an angel.1153 The substratum of primitive belief survives all changes of creed, and the folk impartially attributed magical powers to pagan Druid, Celtic saints, old crones and witches, and Presbyterian ministers.

Footnote 1093:(return)

IT i. 56; D'Arbois, v. 387.

Footnote 1094:(return)

See, e.g., "The Death of Muirchertach," RC xxiii. 394.

Footnote 1095:(return)

HN xxx. 4, 13.

Footnote 1096:(return)

Zimmer, Gloss. Hibern. 183; Reeves, Adamnan, 260.

Footnote 1097:(return)

Kennedy, 175; cf. IT i. 220.

Footnote 1098:(return)

See RC xii. 52 f.; D'Arbois, v. 403-404; O'Curry, MS. Mat. 505; Kennedy, 75, 196, 258.

Footnote 1099:(return)

D'Arbois, v. 277.

Footnote 1100:(return)

Stokes, Three Middle Irish Homilies, 24; IT iii. 325.

Footnote 1101:(return)

RC xii. 83; Miss Hull, 215; D'Arbois, v. 424; O'Curry, MC ii. 215.

Footnote 1102:(return)

Keating, 341; O'Curry, MS. Mat. 271.

Footnote 1103:(return)

RC xii. 81.

Footnote 1104:(return)

Miss Hull, 240 f.

Footnote 1105:(return)

Maury, 14.

Footnote 1106:(return)

Sébillot, ii. 226 f., i. 101, ii. 225; Bérenger-Féraud, Superstitions et Survivances, iii. 169 f.; Stat. Account, viii. 52.

Footnote 1107:(return)

Rev. des Trad. 1893, 613; Sébillot, ii. 224.

Footnote 1108:(return)

Bérenger-Féraud, iii. 218 f.; Sébillot, i. 100, 109; RC ii. 484; Frazer, Golden Bough2, i. 67.

Footnote 1109:(return)

D'Arbois, v. 387; IT i. 52; Dixon, Gairloch, 165; Carmichael, Carm. Gad. ii. 25.

Footnote 1110:(return)

RC xvi. 152; Miss Hull, 243.

Footnote 1111:(return)

D'Arbois, v. 133; IT ii. 373.

Footnote 1112:(return)

Mela, iii. 6; RC xv. 471.

Footnote 1113:(return)

Joyce, OCR 1 f.; Kennedy, 235.

Footnote 1114:(return)

Bird-women pursued by Cúchulainn; D'Arbois, v. 178; for other instances see O'Curry, MS. Mat. 426; Miss Hull, 82.

Footnote 1115:(return)

D'Arbois, v. 215.

Footnote 1116:(return)

Joyce, OCR 279.

Footnote 1117:(return)

Ibid. 86.

Footnote 1118:(return)

RC xxiii. 394; Jocelyn, Vita S. Kent. c. 1.

Footnote 1119:(return)

RC xv. 446.

Footnote 1120:(return)

O'Conor, Rer. Hib. Scrip. ii. 142; Stokes, Lives of Saints, xxviii.

Footnote 1121:(return)

RC xv. 444.

Footnote 1122:(return)

See p. 251, supra.

Footnote 1123:(return)

O'Curry, MS. Mat. 240.

Footnote 1124:(return)

See pp. 248, 304, supra;