Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 248

[503] 2 Kings, xv, 19 and 29; 2 Chronicles, xxviii, 20.
[504] 2 Kings, xviii, 34 and xix, 13.
[505] 2 Kings, xiv, 1-14.
[506] 2 Kings, xv, 1-14.
[507] 2 Kings, xv, 19, 20.
[508] 2 Kings, xv, 25.
[509] Amos, v.
[510] Amos, i.
[511] 2 Kings, xvi, 5.
[512] Isaiah, vii, 3-7.
[513] 2 Kings, xv, 3.
[514] Isaiah, vii, 18.
[515] Kir was probably on the borders of Elam.
[516] 2 Kings, xvi, 7-9.
[517] 2 Kings, xv, 29, 30.
[518] 2 Kings, xvi, 10.
[519] In the Hebrew text this monarch is called Sua, Seveh, and So, says Maspero. The Assyrian texts refer to him as Sebek, Shibahi, Shabè, &c. He has been identified with Pharaoh Shabaka of the Twenty-fifth Egyptian Dynasty; that monarch may have been a petty king before he founded his Dynasty. Another theory is that he was Seve, king of Mutsri, and still another that he was a petty king of an Egyptian state in the Delta and not Shabaka.
[520] 2 Kings, xvii, 3-5.
[521] Isaiah, xx, 1.
[522] 2 Kings, xvii, 6.
[523] 2 Kings, xvii, 16-41.
[524] The people carried away would not be the whole of the inhabitants--only, one would suppose, the more important personages, enough to make up the number 27,290 given above.
[525] Passing of the Empires, pp. 200-1.
[526] Those who, like Breasted, identify "Piru of Mutsri" with "Pharaoh of Egypt" adopt the view that Bocchoris of Sais paid tribute to Sargon. Piru, however, is subsequently referred to with two Arabian kings as tribute payers to Sargon apparently after Lower Egypt had come under the sway of Shabaka, the first king of the Ethiopian or Twenty-fifth Dynasty.
[527] Isaiah, xx, 2-5.
[528] Commander-in-chief.
[529] Isaiah, xx, 1.
[530] The Old Testament in the Light of the Historical Records and Legends of Assyria and Babylonia, T.G. Pinches, p. 372.
[531] Isaiah, xxxvii, 9.
[532] Isaiah, xxix, 1, 2.
[533] 2 Chronicles, xxxii, 9-17.
[534] 2 Kings, xix, 6, 7.
[535] 2 Kings, xix, 35, 36.
[536] Smith-Sayce, History of Sennacherib, pp. 132-5.
[537] A History of Sumer and Akkad, p. 37.
[538] Isaiah, xxxvii, 8-13.
[539] 2 Kings, xxi, 3-7.
[540] 2 Kings, xxi, 16.
[541] Hebrews, xi, 36, 37.
[542] 2 Chronicles, xxxiii, 11-3. It may be that Manasseh was taken to Babylon during Ashur-bani-pal's reign. See next chapter.
[543] Pronounce g as in gem.

Chapter XX. The Last Days of Assyria and Babylonia


Doom of Nineveh and Babylon--Babylonian Monotheism--Ashur-banipal and his Brother, King of Babylon--Ceremony of "Taking the Hands of Bel"--Merodach restored to E-sagila--Assyrian Invasion of Egypt and Sack of Thebes--Lydia's Appeal to Assyria--Elam subdued--Revolt of Babylon--Death of Babylonian King--Sack of Susa--Psamtik of Egypt--Cimmerians crushed--Ashur-bani-pal's Literary Activities--The Sardanapalus Legend--Last Kings of Assyria--Fall of Nineveh--The New Babylonian Empire--Necho of Egypt expelled from Syria--King Jehoaikin of Judah deposed--Zedekiah's Revolt and Punishment--Fall of Jerusalem and Hebrew Captivity--Jeremiah laments over Jerusalem--Babylonia's Last Independent King--Rise of Cyrus the Conqueror--The Persian Patriarch and Eagle Legend--Cyrus conquers Lydia--Fall of Babylon--Jews return to Judah--Babylon from Cyrus to Alexander the Great.

The burden of Nineveh.... The Lord is slow to anger, and great in power, and will not at all acquit the wicked: the Lord hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet. He rebuketh the sea, and maketh it dry, and drieth up all the rivers: Bashan languisheth, and Carmel, and the flower of Lebanon languisheth.... He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face.... The gates of the rivers shall be opened, and the palace shall be dissolved. And Huzzab shall be led away captive, she shall be brought up, and her maids shall lead her as with the voice of doves, tabering upon their breasts.... Draw thee waters for the siege, fortify thy strong holds: go into clay, and tread the morter, make strong the brick-kiln. There shall the fire devour thee; the sword shall cut thee off.... Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them. There is no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?[544]