Myths and Legends of China

Page: 205

Ts’ai Shên. God of Wealth, 171; Chao Kung-ming prototype of, 171; legend of, 171; canonized, 171

Ts’ai-yün Hsien-tzŭ. Fights for Wên Chung, 160

Ts’an Nü. Also called Ma-t’ou Niang; Goddess of Mulberry-trees and Silkworms, 169; legend of, 169; also represented as a stellar divinity, 169

Ts’ao Ching-chih. In legend of Ts’ao Kuo-chiu, 302

Ts’ao Ching-hsiu. Becomes the Immortal Ts’ao Kuo-chiu, 301 sq.

Tsao Chün. The Kitchen-god, 166 sq.; reports to Supreme Being, 168; chief of Yüan-shih T’ien-tsun’s secret police, 128; origin of worship of, 167; Li Shao-chün and, 167

Ts’ao Kuo-chiu. One of the Eight Immortals, 303; legend of, 300 sq.

Ts’ao Ts’ao. Usurping general in period of the Three Kingdoms; and Kuan Yü, 116

Tso Ch’ih. See Chisel-tooth

Tso-ch’iu Ming. Author of the Tso chuan, commentary on the Annals of Confucius; and Chinese mythology, 72

T’u Hsing-sun. Magician; and Têng Chiu-kung, 147; marries Ch’an-yü, 147

Tu Ô. Taoist magician; teaches the Snorter, 145

T’u-ti. Local gods, 165; report murder of the Tais to Yü Huang, 256; sent to help Miao Shan in the Nunnery of the White Bird, 263; report the approaching execution of Miao Shan to Yü Huang, 266; carry Miao Shan to P’u T’o Island, 270; find companions for Miao Shan, 271; help Miao Shan, 272

Tung Wang Kung, Mu Kung, or Tung-hua Ti-chün. God of the Immortals; and Shên I, 185 sq.; and the Spirit of Lightning, 203. See Mu Kung

Tung-hua Ti-chün. See Tung Wang Kung

T’ung-t’ien Chiao-chu. First of the Patriarchs of the Taoists, 133; and Hung-chün Lao-tsu, 133; battle with Chun T’i, 134; the buffalo of, 134; given pill of immortality and taken to Heaven, 134; and the twenty-eight constellations, 192; and Chun T’i, 321 sq.

Turkestan, Eastern. Supposed origin of the Chinese in, 13. See also Sinkiang

Tzŭ T’ung. Chang Ya at, 104; the God of, 105; Wên Ch’ang and the Spirit of, 109

Tz’ŭ-hang Ta-shih. Immortal, 216

Tzŭ-hua. In legend of Ch’un-yü Fên, 419

Tzŭ-wei Hsing. Constellation. See Po I-k’ao


Umbrellas, The Magic, 242

Unicorn. K’uei niu 133

Unicorn Precipice, The, 155

Unity, The Great. First of the celestial spirits, 143

Unnatural People, 386 sq.


Vairotchana. Dharma, the highest of the Three Embodiments (Triratna), representing Purity; Chinese P’i-lu Fo, 120 Page 452

Vajrâpani. God of Thunder. See Lei Kung

Vega. Star; legend of Aquila and, 189 sq.

Vihârapâla. See Wei-t’o


Wang Ch’ang. Disciple of Chang Tao-ling, 216

Wang Chê. Brigand chief; begs of Shih family, 255; murders Tai family, 255

Wang Tan. A minister of State; and the cask of pearls, 132; K’ang Hsi on, 132

War, God of, 113 sq.

Waters. Shên I marries sister of the Water-spirit, 182; myths of the, 208 sq.; dragons are spirits of the, 208; Ministry of the, 212; Yang Hou, Spirit of the Sea, 212 sq.; Shui Kuan, Ruler of the Watery Elements, 216; Shui-mu Niang-niang, Old Mother of the, 220 sq. See also Ho Po and Shui

Watters, Thomas. Consul-General; on fox-lore, 370

Way. See Tao

Wealth, God of. See Ts’ai Shên

Weapons, 33

Weaver-girl, The Herdsman and the. Legend of, 189 sq.

Wei Chêng. Associated with Door-gods. See Mên Shên

Wei-t’o. Vihârapâla; the Dêva protector of Buddhist temples and of the Law of Buddha, 120

Weights and Measures, 49

Well, Spirits of the, 217

Wên Ch’ang. God of Literature; attendants on, 110; legends of, 104 sq.; and the Great Bear, 105 sq.; palace of, 106

Wên Chiao. Wife of Ch’ên Kuang-jui, and mother of Hsüan Chuang, 337 sq.

Wên Chung. Famous generalissimo, canonized as God of Thunder; his battle with Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 158 sq.; attacked by Huang T’ien-hua, 159; wounded by Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 160; forced to retreat, 161; fights more battles, 161; drawn up to Heaven, 161; another account of his battles and death, 199. See also Lei Tsu

Wên Wang. Father of Po I-k’ao; prisoner of Chou Hsin, 192; Ta Chi and, 193; Lei Chên-tzŭ and, 203

Wên Yü. See Lei Chên-tzŭ

Wên-chu T’ien-tsun. Fights with No-cha, 318

Western Air, Sovereign of the, 137

White Bird Nunnery. Miao Shan goes to, 261 sq.; set on fire, 264; saved by Miao Shan, 264

White Crane Youth. Captures Shên Kung-pao’s head, 156; restores the head, 157; kills Ch’iung Hsiao, 158; fights and defeats Chang Shao, 159

White Elephant. In Kuan Yin legend, 286

White Horse. Of Hsŭan Chuang, 341

White Tiger. Po Hu; spirit of the White Tiger Star; guardian of Taoist temple gates, 148

Wife. Status of, 24; legend of the Expectant, 392

Wild Men. Legend of, 393

Wind, Spirit of the. Fei Lien; vanquished by Shên I, 205; myths of the, 205. See also Fêng Po

Women, The Lovely. In the Hsi yu chi, 362 sq.

Women’s Kingdom. Legend of the, 391

Worship. Origin of, 93; of Shang Ti, 95; of T’ien, 96; of the living, 101; the second self and, 101; of the Kitchen-god, 167; of the harvest moon, 176; of the sun, 179; of Chang Hsien, 178; of constellations, 191; of T’ai Sui, 197; of Wu Yüeh, 242; origin of dog-worship of Jung tribe, 422

Wu. Exorcists, 34

Wu Hsing. The Five Elements, 84

Wu San-kuei. General of Emperor Ch’ung Chêng, 399

Wu Ti. See Kuan Ti Page 453

Wu Ti Tso. ‘Throne of the Five Emperors’; in the constellation Leo, 176

Wu Wang. First king of the Chou dynasty; his battles with Chou Wang, 134; and Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 154; killed and revived, 159

Wu Yüeh. ‘Five Mountains’; gods worshipped in cases of fever, etc., 243; legend of, 243 sq.

Wu Yün. Immortal; and Chun Ti, 324


Yang. The male principle in nature, 93; its hold on the Chinese mind, 92; Mu Kung and, 137; united with yin in marriage, 186; conjunction of yin and, 188; and lightning, 203. See also Yin

Yang Ch’êng. See Fu Shên

Yang Chien. Nephew of Yü Huang; and Hua-hu Tiao, 123; and Ch’an-yü, 147; battles with Ch’ien-li Yen and Shun-fêng Êrh, 162 sq.; and Lü Yüeh, 242

Yang Hou. Spirit of the Sea, 212 sq.

Yang Hsi-chi. See Fu Shên

Yang Jên. Magician; and Lü Yüeh, 242

Yao. 1. Early emperor; with Shun and Yü as the Three Origins, 127; and Shên I, 180 sq.,