Myths and Legends of China

Page: 203

Starting, The Great. T’ai ch’u, 90

States. Parts of provinces in early times, 29; power of princes of, 29

Storms, Ministry of, 198

Story of the Three Kingdoms,” See San Kuo Chih

Substance. Chih; one of the elements of creation, 90

Sumêru. The central mountain or axis of the universe in Hindu mythology, 16; called Hsü-mi Shan in Chinese, 142

Su Ta. Assassin, 279

Sun-s. P’an Ku and the, 78; influences terrestrial events, 176; symbol of the, 176; worship of, 179; the nine false, 182; palace of the, conferred on Shên I, 186

Sun Hou-tzŭ. See Sun Wu-k’ung

Sun Wu-k’ung, or Sun Hou-tzŭ. The Monkey Fairy in the Hsi yu chi; and Shui-mu Niang-niang,221–222; represents human nature, 325; various names of, 326; born on Hua-kuo Shan, 327; Yü Huang and, 327 sq.; his rod of iron, 328; Grand Master of the Heavenly Stables, 329; Grand Superintendent of 330; acquires double immortality, 330; and T’ien Kou, 331; distilled in Lao Chün’s furnace, 332; in jumping competition with Buddha, 333; and Kuan Yin, 333; journeys to the Western Paradise with the Master, 341 sq.; and the Demons of the Lotus Gave, 345 sq.; saves the Master, 366; and the Red Child Demon, 350 sq.; and the Demons of Blackwater River, 352; in Slow-carts Country, 352 sq.; in the Buddhist temple, 365; returns home, 367 sq.; canonized, 368

Sun-king. T’ai-yang Ti-chün, or Jih-kung Ch’ih-chiang; 179; and legend of Ch’ih-chiang Tzŭ-yü, 179 sq.; legend of the—see Ch’ih-chiang Tzŭ-yü and Shên I

Sung Dynasty. Philosophers of, and mythology, 73

Super-tao. Chuang Tzŭ’s, 91

Super-triad of Gods, 101

Superstition-s, 54; fêng-shui, 209; astrological, 176

Supreme Ruler. See Shang Ti


Ta Chi. The barbarous concubine of Chou Hsin, the last ruler of the Shang dynasty; and Po I-k’ao, 193; and Wên Wang, 193; and T’ai Sui, 196

Ta Yü. See

Tai. A rich family murdered by Wang Chê, 255

T’ai Chi. The Grand Terminus; the producer of the two elementary forms, 85

T’ai Chi T’u. The Plan of the Grand Terminus; explanation of, 86; and Chinese cosmogony, 92. See also Chou Tzŭ

T’ai Ch’u. The Great Starting, 90

T’ai I. The Great Change, 90; the Great One, Great Unity, the first of the celestial spirits, 142 sq.; and Shên Nung, 143; Hsien Yüan’s medical preceptor, 143; Spirit of the Pole Star, 144. See also T’ai-i Chên-jên

T’ai Shan. Sacred mountain; Fêng-shan sacrifices offered on, 127

T’ai Shih. The Great Beginning, 90

T’ai Su. The Great Blank; one of the stages in creation, 90

T’ai Sui. Called Yin Chiao; the celestial year-spirit, 194 sq.; sacrifices to, 194; corresponds to the planet Jupiter, 194; legend of, 196; son of tyrant Chou, 195; and Ho Hsien-ku, 195; and Ta Chi, 196; canonized by Yü Ti, 196; and Jan Têng, 196; canonized by Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 196; worship of, 197; divination of locality of, 197

T’ai Tsung. Emperor; and the Door-gods, 174

T’ai Yin. Princess; and Lu Ch’i, 111

T’ai-i Chên-jên. Taoist priest, 305 sq.; appears in a dream to Yin Shih, 305; visits Li No-cha, 306; Li No-cha visits, 316

T’ai-i Huang-jên. The spirit of Ô-mei Shan, 180

T’ai-po Chin-hsing. Spirit of the South Pole Star, 337

T’ai-shang Lao-chün, or Lao Tzü. Third person of the Taoist triad, 125

T’ai-wu Fu-jên. Daughter of Hsi Wang Mu, 183

T’ai-yüan Shêng-mu. An hermaphrodite, mother of Yüan-shih T’ien-wang; and P’an Ku, 130

Talismans. Chang Tao-ling and, 139

Tao. The ‘Way,’ 88; the Solitary Indeterminate, 90; the super-tao, 91

Tao-tê Ching.” The Canon of Reason and Virtue, first called Lao Tzŭ, 87

Taoism. The doctrine of the Way; as a religion, 53; one of the three religions, 99 sq.; the three Heavens of, 125; the Three Pure Ones of, 125; Yü Huang and, 124; the first 138; Chang Tao-ling, founder of modern, 139; the Kings of Heaven of, 142; the Kuan Yin of—see Tou Mu; guardians of Taoist temple gates, 146

Tarim Valley. Supposed origin of the Chinese in, 15

Tartars. Conquer Northern China, 28; conquer the whole of China, 400

Tathagata. Ju-lai Fo, Shâkyamuni, or Buddha, 119

Temple-s, Of Heaven, 95; to God of Literature, 109; guardians of gates of Buddhist, 146; guardians of gates of Taoist, 146; legend of the cursed, 398 sq.

Têng Chiu-kung. Spirit of the Blue Dragon Star, 146; and No-cha, 147; and Huang Fei-hu, 147; and Yang Chien, 147; overthrown by Ch’ên Ch’i, 148; kingdom of the Blue Dragon Star conferred on, 148

Thousand-li Eye. See Ch’ien-li Yen

Three Causes. Worship of the, 125 sq.

Three Faces, People with the, 390

Three Heavens. See San Ch’ing

Three Musical Brothers. And the la mei flower, 151; cure the Emperor Hsüan Tsung, 151; and the Spirit-boat, 151; subdue the demons of pestilence, 151. See also T’ien Chih-piao, T’ien Hung-i, and T’ien Yüan-shuai

Three Pure Ones. See Taoism

Three Religions, The, 99 sq.

Three-body People, 391

Three-heads, 390

Throne of the Five Emperors. Wu Ti Tso, a celestial palace, 176

Thunder. Myths of, 198 sq.; Ministry of, 198; Duke of—see Lei Kung; Son of, 203, and see Lei Chên-tzŭ

Ti. The earth; and forgiveness of sins, 126

Ti Chih. The twelve terrestrial branches, 197

Ti-mu, Ti-ya, or Hou-t’u. ‘Earth-dumb,’ the Earth-mother; one of the attendants of Wên Ch’ang, 165

Ti-tsang Wang. The God of Hades, 120

Ti-ya. See Ti-mu

Tibet. A dependency of China, 27

Tien Mu. Mother of Lightning, 203

T’ien. Heaven; worship of, 96; abode of the spirits, 96; confused with Shang Ti, 97; one of the sources of happiness, 126

T’ien Chih-piao. Third of the three musical brothers, 151

T’ien Fei. Heavenly Concubine; helps Yin Chiao, 196

T’ien Huang Shih, or Fu Hsi. As God of Medicine, 248

T’ien Hung-i. Second of the three musical brothers, 151

T’ien Kan. The ten celestial tree-trunks, 197

T’ien Kou. The Heavenly Dog; and Chang Hsien, 178; and Sun Hou-tzŭ, 331

T’ien Mu, or Hsüan Nŭ. Mother of Heaven; and Chuang Chou, 150

T’ien Yüan-shuai. Eldest of the three musical brothers, 151

T’ien-hou. Goddess of Sailors, 165

T’ien-lung. ‘Heaven-deaf’; one of the attendants of Wên Ch’ang, 110

Tiger. Yellow Flying, 146; White—see White Tiger

Time. Myths of, 194 sq.; Ministry of, 194

To-pao Tao-jên. Disciple of T’ung-t’ien Chiao-chu, 133; fights with Kuang Ch’êng-tzŭ, 133

Tobacco. Use of, 47

Tombs, Festival of the, 44

Tones. In Chinese speech, 56

Tortoise, Golden Mother of the, 136

Tou. A measure; name of a constellation, 106

Tou Mu. Bushel Mother, Goddess of the North Star; the Indian Maritchi, 144; mother of the nine Jên Huang, 145; the Kuan Yin of Taoism, 144; her palace, Tou Shu, the Pivot of the Pole, 144; description of, 145 Page 451

Tou Shu. The Pivot of the Pole, palace of Tou Mu, 144

Trade. Foreign, 49; home, 49

Triad. The super-triad, 101; of gods, 101; Taoist, 125

Transformations. Of the fox, 370

Treasures, The Three. See