Myths and Legends of China

Page: 201

Mên Shên

Shêng-jên. Superhuman beings, saints, 136

Shih. Officers, later Scholars; the first class of the people, 28

Shih Chin. Second son of Shih Ch’in-ch’ang, 255

Shih Ch’in-ch’ang. Father of the sons reborn as daughters of Queen Po Ya, 255

Shih Shan. Third son of Shih Ch’in-ch’ang, 255

Shih Wên. Eldest son of Shih Ch’in-ch’ang, 255

Shih-chi Niang-niang. And No-cha, 313

Shih-chia Fo. See Shâkyamuni

Shou Hsing, or Hsien Wêng. The God of Longevity, 172; at first a stellar deity, 172; as an old man, 172; legend of, 172; and the Eight Immortals, 214; and Chu Jung, 238

Shu Yü. See Mên Shên

Shui. Water; and deliverance from evil, 126

Shui Kuan. Ruler of the Watery Elements, 216

Shui-mu Niang-niang. Old Mother of the Waters; legend of, 220 sq.; and Sun Hou-tzŭ, 222; and Kuan Yin, 222

Shun. Successor of the great Emperor Yao; with Yao and Yü as the Three Origins, 127

Shun-fêng Êrh, or Kao Chio. Favourable-wind Ear, 161 sq.; general of tyrant Chou, 162; encounters with No-cha, Yang Chien, Chiang Tzŭ-ya, Li Ching, and Lei Chên-tzŭ, 162 sq.; defeat of, 164; searches for heir to Miao Chuang, 255

Silkworms, Goddess of, 169

Sin. By the gods, 99

Sinkiang. The New Territory, or Eastern Turkestan; a dependency of China, 27

Six-toed People, 389 Page 448

Slavery. Unknown in early times, recognized in Monarchical Period, 48

Slow-carts Country. In Hsi yu chi, 352 sq.

Smallpox. God of, 175; Ministry of, 247; prevalence of, in China, 247

Snake, The Jointed. Legend of, 393

Snuff. Use of, 47

Snorter. See Chêng Lung

Social Intercourse, Laws of. Ceremonial observances, 43; ranks, how distinguished, 42; visits, 42; forms of address, 42; presents, 42; a source of misunderstanding between East and West, 43

Sociological Environment, 21

Soil, Gods of the, 165

Solitary Indeterminate. See I Tu

Solstices. Festivals of the, 44

Sombre Youth. See Heaven-deaf

Soul. Recalling the, 40; birth of the, 93

Soul-tablet, 40

South Branch, Dream of the.” Nan k’o mêng; story of, 410 sq.

Sovereign-s. The Three True— see San Yüan; of the Eastern Air, 137; of the Western Air, 137; the nine Human—see Jên Huang

Spiders. Sun Hou-tzŭ and the, 364

Spine, Deformed in infancy to produce a scholarly stoop, 37

Spirit-s. Festivals, 44; T’ien the abode of the, 96; the Great One, the Great Unity, 143; an ox-spirit, 146; Spirit of the Blue Dragon Star, 146; of the White Tiger Star, 148; Spirit-boat, 151; of Ô-mei Shan—see T’ai-i Huang-jên; Spirit of the Waters, 182, and see Ho Po; Spirit of Lightning, 204; dragons regarded as spirits of the waters, 208; Spirit of the Sea, 212 sq.; of the Well, 217; of the North Star, 270; of the South Pole Star, 337

Sports and Games, 46

Ssŭ Ha Li Kuo. The Red Country, 359

Ssŭ Ta T’ian-wang. The Four Kings of Heaven; Taoist reflection of Chin-kang, 142

Ssŭ Tu. The Four Kings of the Sweet Water Department, 212

Ssŭ-ma Chêng. Author of Historical Records; his account of Nü Kua, 82

Star-s. Myths of the, 176 sq.; star-worship, 189; star-ruler, 189; effects of worship of, 189

Star-god-s. The Great Bear, 106 sq.; the God of Literature a star-god, 106 sq.; T’ai I, 144; Bushel Mother, 145; Blue Dragon, 146; White Tiger, 148; Ts’an Nü, 169; the God of Happiness, 170; the God of Longevity, 172; Leo, ‘Throne of the Five Emperors’ in, 176; the Cycle-gods, 177; Chang Hsien, 177 sq.; the Heavenly Dog,