Myths and Legends of China

Page: 198

Kuan Yin

Miao Yin. Daughter of Miao Chuang, 257; marries Ho Fêng, 258; canonized, 286

Mid-autumn Festival (All Souls’-Day), 45

Middle Kingdom. A term for the Chinese Empire, 29

Middle Spirit Festival, 44

Military System. In primitive times, 33; in relation to the ruler, 33; weapons, 33; standing armies, 33; changes in, 34

Ministry-ies. Of Agriculture, 51; celestial, 199; of Epidemics, 241; of Exorcism, 248; of Fire, 236; of Medicine, 247; of Smallpox, 247; of Thunder and Storms, 198; of Time, 194; of Waters, 212

Ming Huang. Emperor; and Hsü Hao, 250

Mo Ti. See Mo Tzŭ

Mo Tzŭ, Mu Tzŭ, or Mo Ti A philosopher; and creation, 90; apotheosized, 148

Mo-li. The Four Diamond Kings of Heaven, 120 sq.

Mohammedans. Represented in Chinese Republican flag, 28

Monarchical Period. Duration of, 18; marriage in, 24; establishment of, 27; administrative system in, 29; appointment to 29; funeral rites in, 41

Mongolia. A dependency of China, 27

Mongols. Their rule over China, 21

Monism. Transition to, from dualism, 86; Chu Hsi and, 87; Lao Tzŭ and, 88

Monkey. Becomes a god, 325 sq.

Monogamy. In China, 23

Moon. P’an Ku and the, 78; influences terrestrial events, 176; symbol of the, 176; hare in the, 179; worship of the, 176; Shên I visits the, 188

Moon-queen. See Ch’ang Ô

Mother. The Earth-mother, 165; Golden, of the Tortoise, 136; Bushel—see Tou Mu; of Heaven, 150; Old, of the Waters, 220 sq.

Mountain-s. Sacrifices offered on T’ai Shan, 127; ‘the Five,’ Wu Yüeh, 242; Hua Shan, sacred, 253; monkey under the, 346

Mourning. Methods of, 40

Mu Kung, Tung Wang Kung, or Tung-hua Ti-chün. God of the Immortals, 136; how formed, 136; and yang principle, 136; sovereign of the Eastern Air, 137; his servants, Hsien T’ung and Yü Nü, 136; and Shên I, 186. See also Tung Wang Kung

Mu Tzŭ. See Mo Tzŭ

Mu Yeh. Battle of, 153

Mu-cha. See Li Mu-cha

Mulberry-trees. Goddess of, 169

Mutilations. Practised by the Chinese, 39

Mythology, 60 sq.; definition of, 60; Chinese rigidity and, 64; intellect and, 61; effect of Confucianism on, 62; influence of religion on, 63; effect of Buddhism on, 63; history and, 63; character of Chinese, 423; sources of Chinese, 69 sq.; doubt and, 74; legend and, 75; parallelisms between Chinese and Hebrew, 79 n.; cosmogony and, 92

Myth-s. Prerequisites to, 64 sq.; periods fertile in, 69; phases of, 71 sq.; Sung philosophers and, 73; a nature myth, 133; myths of the stars, 176 sq.; of time, 194 sq.; of thunder, 198 sq.; of lightning, 204; of wind, 205; of rain, 205 sq.; of the waters, 208; of fire, 236 sq.; of epidemics, medicine, exorcism, etc., 240 sq.; effect of philosophy on, 423


Nagas. Mountain dragons, 208

Nails. See Finger-nails

Nameless. Universe originated from, 91

Nan K’o Mêng.” Dream of the South Branch; story of, 410 sq.

Nan-chi Hsien-wêng. Ancient Immortal of the South Pole, 154; helps Chiang Tzŭ-ya against Shên Kung-pao, 157; orders White Crane Youth to seize Shên Kung-pao’s head, 156; has it restored, 157; reproves Shên Kung-pao, 157; fights with Chang Shao, 159

Nature Myth. Yü Huang and a, 133

Navy. Modern Chinese, 34

Neptune, The Chinese. See Dragon-king-s

New Territory. See Sinkiang

New Year. Festival of, 43

New Year’s Eve. Festival of, 45

Niang-tzŭ. And the origin of the Liang-ti Lake, 406

Niu Huang. Ox-yellow, or bezoar, 146

No-cha. See