Myths and Legends of China

Page: 196

Shou Hsing, 172

Kuan Ti, or Wu Ti. Title of the God of War, 117

Kuan Tzŭ. A renowned statesman and sage of the Feudal Period; his cosmogony, 80

Kuan Yin, or Kuan Shih Yin. The Buddhist Goddess of Mercy; Tou Mu the equivalent of, in 144; and Shui-mu Niang-niang, 222; attributes, etc., 251 sq.; throne of, on Pootoo (P’u T’o) Isle, 252; the Buddhist Saviour, 253; and Sun Hou-tzŭ, 333; and Sha Ho-shang, 334; and Chu Pa-chieh, 335; and the White Horse, 341; and the Red Child Demon, 350 sq. See also Miao Shan

Kuan Yü. God of War, 113 sq.; and Chang Fei, 114 sq.; and Liu Pei, 114 sq.; deified, 117

Kuan Yu. A mandarin; and the casting of the great bell at Peking, 394 sq.

Kuang Ch’êng-tzŭ. Mythical being who taught the attainment of immortality, also said to be an incarnation of Lao Tzŭ; battle with To-pao Tao-jên, 133; fights against Wên Chung, 161

Kuei. Name for demons, 103

K’uei. A star; palace of the God of Literature, 106 sq.

K’uei, or Chung K’uei. As God of Literature, 106 sq.; as God of Exorcism, 250

K’uei Hsing. Distributor of literary degrees, 112

K’uei Niu. A monster resembling a buffalo, 133

K’un-lun Mountains. Supposed origin of the Chinese in, 16; Nü and Kua at foot of, 82; Hsi Wang Mu and, 137; Yü Shih resides in, 206

Kung. The Artisans; the third class of the people, 28

K’ung Hsüan. The one-eyed peacock; and Chun T’i, 321

Kung Kung. A feudatory prince; defeated by Chu Jung, 81; strikes his head against the Imperfect Mountain, 82

Kuo P’o. Magician, 223

Kuo Tzŭ-i. A God of Happiness, 170


La Mei. A flower; the three musical brothers and, 151

Labour. Division of, 48

Lake. Of Gems, 137; legend of the origin of a, 406

Lan Ts’ai-ho. One of the Eight Immortals, 303; legend of, 293

Land. System of tenure of, 48; greater portion under cultivation, 50

Lang Ling. Disciple of Li T’ieh-kuai, 290

Language, Chinese, 14; nature of, 57; written, 57

Lanterns, Feast of, 44

Lao Chün. See Lao Tzŭ

Lao Tzŭ. Called also Lao Chün, T’ai-shang Lao-chün, and Shên Pao; teacher, founder of Taoist system of philosophy; and monism, 87; his Tao-tê ching, 87; and tao, the ‘Way,’ 88; third person of Taoist triad, 125; and Yü Huang, 132; battles with T’ung-t’ien Chiao-chu, 322; and Chuang Tzŭ, 149; fights with Ch’iung Hsiao, 158; and Li T’ieh-kuai, 290; Sun Hou-tzŭ steals pills of immortality from, 330; helps to capture Sun Hou-tzŭ, 332; distils Sun Hou-tzŭ in his furnace, 332

Later Spirit Festival, 44

Law, The. In Buddhism, 149

Laws. Character of early, 30; lex talionis, 30; legal codes, 31

Legend-s. Mythology and, 75; of the One-legged Bird, 207; of the Great Flood, 225; of the building of Peking, 227 sq.; fox, 370 sq.; of the Unnatural People, 386 sq.; of the Pygmies, 387; of the Giants, 387; of the Headless People, 388; of the Armless People, 388; of the Long-armed People, 389; of the Long-legged People, 389; of the One-eyed People, 389; of the One-armed People, 391; of the One-legged People, 389; of the One-sided People, 389; of the Long-eared People, 389; of the Six-toed People, 389; of the Feathered People, 390; of the People of the Punctured Bodies, 390; of the Women’s Kingdom, 391; of the Flying Cart, Page 440391; of the Expectant Wife, 392; of the Wild Men, 393; of the Jointed Snake, 393; of the great bell of Peking, 394 sq.; of the Cursed Temple, 398 sq.; of the Maniac’s Mite, 402; of the City-god of Yen Ch’êng, 402 sq.; of the origin of a lake, 406; of creation, among Miao tribes, 406 sq.; of the South Branch, 410 sq.; of Jung tribe with heads of dogs, 419 sq.

Lei Chên-tzŭ. One of Wu Wang’s marshals; attacks Ch’ien-li Yen and Shun-fêng Êrh, 164; kills unicorn of Wên Chung, 199; legend of, 203; a Son of Thunder, 202; called Wên Yü, 202; and Yün Chung-tzŭ, 203

Lei Kung. Duke of Thunder, 200; and Garuda, 200; and Vajrâpani, 200; caught in the cleft of a tree, 201; and the mysterious bottle, 202

Lei Tsu, or Wên Chung. God of Thunder; agent to Yüan-shih T’ien-tsun, 128; President of the Ministry of Thunder, 199; description of, 198; origin of, 199; and Ch’ih Ching-tzŭ, 199; and Yün Chung-tzŭ, 199; and Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 199; confused with the Spirit of Thunder, 199

Li. The Immaterial Principle; Chu Hsi and, 87; Chou Tzŭ and, 87

Li Chi.” The classical Book of Ceremonial, 103

Li Chin-cha. Eldest son of Li Ching, 305

Li Ching, or Li T’ien-wang. The Pagoda-bearer; his encounter with Ch’ien-li Yen and Shun-fêng Êrh, 162 sq.; kills Lo Hsüan, 237; legend of, 305 sq.; receives golden pagoda, 319; is made Guardian of the Gate of Heaven, 319. See also Li T’ien-wang

Li Kuei-tsu. Known as Tsêng-fu Hsiang-kung; a God of Happiness, 170

Li Lao-chün. And Shui-mu Niang-niang, 221

Li Mu-cha. Second son of Li Ching, 317; duel with Lü Yüen, 241

Li No-cha. Third son of Li Ching; defends the Chou, 146; and Têng Chiu-kung, 147; vanquishes Fêng Lin, 153; defeats Chang Kuei-fang, 154; and Chiang Tsŭ-ya, 154; fights and slays Ts’ai-yün Hsien-tzŭ, 160; fights with Ch’ien-li Yen and Shun-fêng Êrh, 162; and Peking, 229; legend of, 305 sq.; frequently mentioned in Chinese romance, 305; an avatar of the Intelligent Pearl, 306; and Lung Wang, 307 sq.; and Ao Ping, 309; discharges a magic arrow, 312; and Shih-chi Niang-niang, 313; commits hara-kiri, 314; temple built to, 314; his statue destroyed by his father, 315; consults his master, 316; is transformed, 317; battles with his father, 317 sq.; is reconciled to his father, 319

Li P’ing. Sixth officer of the Ministry of Epidemics, 242

Li Shao-chün. And Tsao Chün, 167

Li Shih-min, Emperor; and legend of the five graduates, 243 sq.; and Chang T’ien-shih, 243 sq.; visited by spirits of the graduates, 246; canonizes the graduates, 246

Li T’ieh-kuai. One of the Eight Immortals, 303; legends of, 289 sq.

Li T’ien-wang. And Sun Hou-tzŭ, 331. See also Li Ching

Liao Chai Chih I.” Seventeenth-century work; and fox-legends, 371

Libraries. See Accessory Institutions

Lieh Tzŭ, or Lieh Yü-k’ou. A philosopher, by some regarded as fictitious; Chinese mythology and, 72; his Absolute, 91; apotheosized, 148

Lieh Yü-k’ou. See Lieh Tzŭ

Lightning. Mother of, 203; and the yin and the yang, 204; myths of, 204; Spirit of, 204

Ling Chên-tzŭ. Gives the Bird of Dawn to Shên I, 187

Ling Hsü. Dragon-king, 219 Page 441

Ling-pao T’ien-tsun, or Tao Chûn. Second person of Taoist triad, 124

Lion, The Green, 286

List of Promotions to Immortals. Given to Chiang Tzŭ-ya, 154; Tzŭ-ya builds Fêng Shên T’ai for, 157

Literary Degrees. K’uei Hsing distributor of, 110

Literary Examinations. Means of appointment to office, 29

Literature. Gods of, 299; Wên Ch’ang and the Great Bear, 105 sq.; palace of God of, 106; God of War as God of, 113 sq.; Chinese, 408 sq.

Liu Ch’in. Minister of Miao Chuang, 282

Liu Hsüan Te. See Liu Pei

Liu Hung. Murderer of Ch’en Kuang-jui, 337

Liu I. And the Dragon-king’s daughter, 217 sq.

Liu Pei, Liu Hsüan Tê, or Hsien Chu. Hawker of straw shoes, and founder of the Shu Han dynasty; and Kuan Yü, 114 sq.

Liu Po-wên. Taoist priest; and Chu-ti, 228 sq.

Living, Worship of the, 101

Lo Ching Hsin. See Yüan-shih T’ien-tsun

Lo Hsüan, or Huo-tê Hsing-chün. Originally Yen-chung Hsien; President of the Ministry of Fire, 237; description of, 236; burns Hsi Ch’i, 237

Lo Yü. First name of P’o Chia (Miao Chuang), 253

Long-armed People. Legend of, 389

Long-eared People. Legend of, 389

Long-legged People. Legend of, 389

Longevity, God of. See Shou Hsing

Lotus Cave, The, 345 sq.

Lu Ch’i. Legend of, and Princess T’ai Yin, 111; appointed Minister of the Empire, 111

Lü Shang. See Chiang Tzü-ya

Lü Tung-pin, or Lü Yen. One of the Eight Immortals, 303; legends of, 297 sq.

Lu Tung-shih. Follower of Ch’in Shih Huang-ti; draws portrait of the God of the Sea, 213; results of his offence, 214

Lü Yüeh. President of the Ministry of Epidemics, 241; legend of, 242; in battle at Hsi Ch’i 241; his duel with Mu-cha, 241; in battle with Huang T’ien-hua 241; Chiang Tzŭ-ya and, 241; and the magic umbrellas, 242; Yang Chien and, 242; Yang Jên and, 242

Lü Yen. See Lü Tung-pin

Lung Chi. Princess; saves city of Hsi Ch’i from fire, 237

Lung Nü. Becomes pupil of Miao Shan, 274; canonized, 287

Lung Wang. Dragon-king of the Eastern Sea; his son saved by Miao Shan, 274; and No-cha, 329; saves Ch’Sn Kuang-jui, 340


Ma T’ien-jung. His fox-friend and his marriage, 372 sq.

Ma Yüan-shuai. Generalissimo Ma, a three-eyed monster, 207

Ma-t’ou Niang. ‘Lady with the Horse’s Head,’ See Ts’an Nü

Magic. Gourd, 347; rope, 348; circle, 358; Fire-quenching Fan, 359 sq.

Magicians. T’u Hsing-sun, 147; Chü Liu-sun, 147; Kuo P’o, 223; Yang Jên, 242; Yeh Fa-shan, 295

Mahayanistic Buddhism, 118

Maitrêya. Mi-lo Fo; the successor of Shâkyamuni, 120

Manchu-s. Extent of China at time of conquest by, 18; conquer China, 28; symbol of dragon on flag, 28

Manchuria. As part of China, 27

Maniac’s Mite. Legend of the, 402

Mao Êrh-chieh. Chu Pa-chieh and, 335

Maritchi. See Tou Mu Page 442

Marriage, 22 sq.; concubinage, 23; age for, 23; matchmaker or go-between, 23; divorce, 23; remarriage, 24; changes in ceremonial of, 25; object of, 24; of the gods, 99; of the River-god, 225 sq.

Maruta. Vedic storm-demons, 198

Measures, Weights and, 49

Medicine. Primitive knowledge of, 56; Ministry of, 247; Gods of, 248

Mên Shên. Gods of the Door, 172 sq.; legend of, 172 sq.; Shên Shu and Yû Lû as, 173; Ch’in Shu-pao and Hu Ching-tê as, 174; Wei Chêng and, 174

Mencius, Mêng K’o, or Mêng Tzŭ. Teacher and philosopher; his cosmogony, 80; and the First Cause, 90

Mêng K’o. See Mencius

Mêng Tzŭ. See Mencius

Merchants. Shang; the fourth class of the people, 28

Mercy, Goddess of. See Kuan Yin and Miao Shan

Mi-lo. A river; Ch’ü Yüan drowns himself in, 152

Mi-lo Fo. Maitrêya; the successor of Shâkyamuni, 120

Miao. Creation legends of the, 406 sq.; legend of the tailed tribes, 422 n.

Miao Chi. A Taoist priest; and T’ai I, 143

Miao Ch’ing. Daughter of Miao Chuang, 257; marries Chao K’uei, 258; canonized, 286

Miao Chuang, or P’o Chia. First name Lo Yü; kinglet of Hsi Yü, 253; Hsing Lin kingdom of, 253; Chao Chên minister to, 253; Ch’u Chieh general to, 253; Pao Tê (Po Ya) Queen of, 253; prays for a son, 254; birth of daughters to, 257; exiles Miao Shan, 260; orders destruction of the Nunnery of the White Bird, 264; orders death of Miao Shan, 265 sq.; is punished for burning the nunnery, 274 sq.; is healed by Miao Shan, 276 sq.; conspiracy against, 277 sq.; goes to Hsiang Shan, 283; his repentance, 284 sq.; canonized, 287

Miao Shan, Daughter of Miao Chuang, 257; her ambition, 258; her renunciation, 258 sq.; at the Nunnery of the White Bird, 261 sq.; worships Buddha,