Myths and Legends of Ancient Egypt

Page: 167

greatest of the gods at Memphis; derivation of name, uncertain, 144;
alluded to in Pyramid Texts, 144;
a master architect and framer of everything in the universe, 144;
partakes of the nature of Thoth, and also of Shu, 145;
as Ptah-Seker represents union of creative power with that of
chaos or darkness, 145;
absorbs attributes of Seker; also connected with Tenen, 146;
had variants which took attributes of Min, Amsu, and Khepera;
described as, triune god of the resurrection, 146;
centre of worship at Memphis, 147;
female counterpart, Sekhmet, 147;
Seven Wise Ones, and, 147;
reference to, 150, 154, 171, 207;
Pharaoh Manakhphrê-Siamon swears by, 215;
the Apis oracle in temple of, 286;
Apis, the bull of the temple of, 302
PTAH-ANKH. One of the Pyramid Age sculptors, 315
PTAH-HOT'EP. Books of proverbs or instructions attributed to, 187
PTAH OF ANKH'TAUI. Temple of, 198
PTAH-SEK'ER. One of the gods alluded to in Book of the Dead, 119;
represents union of creative power with that of chaos or darkness, 145
PTAH-SEK'ER-AS'AR. Equivalent, Ptah-Seker-Osiris, 146
PTAH-SEK'ER-O-SIR'IS. See Ptah-Seker-Asar.
PTOL-EM-Æ'US. Demise of King of foretold by oracle of Sebek, 291
PTOL-E-MA'IC. Period; travelling courts instituted in, 47;
Saïte Recension employed to the end of the, period, 114;
forms small figures of Amen-Ra made in, 141;
period; references to, 152, 186, 196
PTOL'EM-IES. Reference to text of the, 151
PTOL'EM-Y II, PHIL-A-DEL'PHUS. Temple of Mendes rebuilt by, 288;
Apis and Mnevis provided for, by, 305
PTOLEMY III. Decree of Canopu, belonging to, 186
PTOLEMY SO'TER. Identification of Sarapis with Pluto, assigned by
tradition to reign of, 306
PUNT. Queen Hatshepsut designed to reign over, 246
PYRAMID AGE. Equivalent to the Old Kingdom, 22
PYRAMIDION, HOUSE OF THE. Temple built to his god by Amen-hetep, 159
PYRAMID-S. Ritual texts and spells inscribed in the, 183;
the Sphinx and the; monuments of bygone Egypt, 314;
the Monna Lisa of Leonardo da Vinci and the Elgin Marbles
of Phidias, evoked by the, 314;
age sculptors; Ptah-Ankh, one of the, 315;
days; craft of painting on sun-dried clay, during, 316
PYRAMID TEXTS. Allusion to the, 12;
mention of deities in the, 15, 19-21;
a double group of eighteen gods mentioned in the, 16;
inscriptions antedating the, 18;
material for study of Egyptian pantheon found in the, 19;
origin of, 24;
Set alluded to in the, 99;
reference to, 63, 110;
Ptah alluded to in the, 144;
Bast mentioned in, 148;
Sebek referred to in the, 289;
revival of the, 301
PYTHAGOREANS. Typho and the, 102


QEB. One of the first company of gods, 17
QEBH-SEN'NÛF. The falcon; represented on canopic jars, 28
QET'ESH. An Egyptian goddess borrowed from Semitic Asia, 276;
in Syria, worshipped as a nature goddess, 279;
in Egypt identified with one of the forms of Hathor, 279;
considered by some authorities to be an aspect of Ashtoreth, 279;
one other appellation, the 'eye of Ra,' &c., 279;
prayed to for gifts of life and health, 279;
associated as one of a trinity with Amsu or Min and the god Reshpu, 279
QU-EB'UI. North wind, called, 180
QU-ER'TI. Cavern from which flowed Nile flood, 154
QUET'ZAL-CO-ATL. Reference to the Mexican god, 130


RA. Ferry-boat of, 6;
representation of, 11;
the creative faculty and, 13;
darts of, 16;
name joined to that of Tem, 17;
a form of the sun-god, 21;
night journey of, 30;
comparison with Osiris, 63;
equivalent, Helios, 65;
pronounced curse upon Nut, 65;
Thoth turns curse aside, 65;
identified with Osiris, 73, 78;
Horus the elder one of the chief forms of, 85;
Harmachis refers to his identity with, 86;
Horus assists, 88;
shrine erected to Horus, by desire of, 89;
prisoners of Horus brought before, 90;
at one time identified with Horus, 92;
Horus legends and, 93;
grants request of Horus, 96;
gives Horus the city of Pé, 97;
reference to, 100, 101, 103;
eyes of, 105;
mental powers of, 106;
reference to eye of, 107;
boat of, 108;
solar doctrine of, 114;
alluded to in Book of the Dead, 119;
dwells in heaven, 125;
helps Osiris to climb into heaven, 128;
position in Egyptian pantheon, 130;
number of sun-cults became fused in that of, 130;
bird and serpent associated in, 130;
daily voyage of, 131;
worship of, in Egypt, 132;
how progeny of, first gained Egyptian throne, 132;
worship of, supreme in Nile valley, 132;
power of his priests, 133, 134;
temple at Heliopolis dedicated to, 134;
his sphere more spiritual than that of Osiris, 134;
struggle between priesthoods of Osiris and, 135;
cult of, foreign elements in, 135;
overshadowed by Osiris, 136;
reference to, 137, 138;
fusion with Amen, 139, 140;
temple of, at Memphis, 147;
reference to, 148, 151, 153, 158, 160, 162, 164, 165, 171, 174,
176, 181, 202, 203, 205;
Hathor and myths of, 166-168;
Isis and the secret name of, 259;
invoked in connexion with spells, 264;
one of the spells in Thoth's Library of Magical Books enabled
a man to see, 266;
word 'recipe' said to be an invocation to the 'god,' 269;
'God of Light and Health,' one of the appellations of, 269;
Qetesh termed the 'eye of,' &c., 279;
worship of Ram of Mendes, and, 288;
Sebek connected with, 289;
the lion identified with, 291;
the 'Sphinx' at Gizeh, the symbol of the sun-god, 292;
the falcon sacred to, 296
RA-TEM. Blending of Ra and Atum, 133
RA-HAR-MACH-IS. Worship of, restored by Thothmes IV, 157;
obelisk built by Amen-hetep IV, 158
RA-HER'U-AKH'TI. See Ra-Heru-Khuti
RA-HER'U-KHU'TI. Ruled over a region of Field of Reeds, 116;
equivalent, Ra-Heru-Akhti; Aten adopted the title of high-priest of, 157
RA-HOR-AKH'TI. The reign of, 88
RAM'ES-ES. Pyramid of, cannot be placed satisfactorily, 26;
tale illustrating the healing power of Khonsu, located in the
time of King, 176-180
RAM'E-SES II. Anena, a scribe who executed the original d'Orbiney papyrus,
lived in reign of, 224;
a temple to Baal existed at Tanis under, 277;
named one of his sons Mer-Astrot, after Ashtoreth, 279;
tame lion kept by, 292;
the New Empire during time of, a model for the Late period, 301
RAM'-E-SES III. Power of god Amen in time of, 52;
temple built for Khonsu at Thebes by, 176;
the conspiracy of Hui against, by means of magical books, 262, 263;
goddess Anthat honoured by, 277;
tame lion kept by, 292;
reference to temple of, at Medinet-habû, 317
RAMESSIDES. Baal especially esteemed by, 277
RAMESSID DYNASTY. High-priest of Amen-Ra raised to royal power at
end of the, 140
RAM OF MENDES. The cult of; ascribed by Manetho to Kaiekhos, 288;
worship of, in the Deltaic cities Hermopolis, Lycopolis, and Mendes, 288;
Herodotus relates Pan was worshipped with the, 288;
Ptolemy II Philadelphus rebuilds temple of, 288;
appellation, Khnemu, 288;
worshipped both by conquered and conquerors, 306
RAM, THE. Reference to, 288
RA-OSIRIS. The two gods blended in one, 78;
equivalent, Afra, 78;
punishment of the wicked mitigated in the Duat by appearance of, 122;
enemies of, and the souls of the doomed, 123
RA-SEK-EN-EN. Nationalist prince portrayed in fable, 194
RAT. Female counterpart of Ra, 132
RAT-TAU'IT. Goddess worshipped at Hermonthis; mother of Horus the younger, 84
REALM OF SEK'ER A separate realm of the dead, 117
RECENSION. The Heliopolitan, Theban, and Saïte, of
Book of the Dead, 113, 114
'RECIPE.' Word is said to be an invocation to Ra, whose symbol it is, 269
RED MAN. Reference to imaginings of the, 15
RED SEA. Crossed by immigrants from Arabia to Egypt, 34
RELIGION-S. Egyptologists regard Egyptian magic to be a degraded form of, 252;
numerous strata in Egyptian, 257;
Egyptian magic more in common with, than most other systems, 258;
evolution of, on Egyptian soil, 258;
Semitic and African influence on Egyptian, 280-282;
Egyptian; symbolism of, mostly expressed by means of animals, 283, 284;
of the Late period, 299-303;
under Persian rule, 304;
the Ptolemaic period, 304-306;
under the Decadent period, 301;
the Libyan period, 299;
Egyptian, thrown into obscurity by the devotees of Christianity, 300;
the Alexandrine conquest and Egyptian, 304;
under Greek rule, 306;
foreign, penetrate the land of the Pharaohs, the alien faith which
finally triumphed was Christianity, 309
RENAISSANCE. An architectural, 308, 309;
Italian masters of the, owed much to the Græco-Roman school, 311;
colours in many old Egyptian works better than those in divers
Italian frescoes of the, 316;
the Romans and the Italian masters of the, 321
RER'ET. Goddess; evil influence of Set and, 101;
a form of Isis, 101;
equivalent, Taurt, 175;
identified with Draco, 181
RESH'PU. An Egyptian god borrowed from Semitic Asia, 276;
Syrian god, associated as one of a trinity with Qetesh, 279;
his cult in Egypt, 280;
chief centre of worship, Het-Reshp, 280;
in Syria regarded as a god of war, 280;
corresponds to the god known by Phœnicians and worshipped
in Cyprus and Carthage, 280
RE-STAU. Hidden things in, 57;
the other world of Seker, 57
RHAMP-SI-NI'TES. The story of, handed down to us by Herodotus, 237-240;
Egyptians duped by, 240
RHAMP-SIN-I'TUS, KING. Reference to, 194;
See Rhampsinites
RHE'A. Equivalent, Nut,