1000 Mythological Characters Briefly Described

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Erictheus (Eric′theus), fourth King of Athens, was the son of Vulcan.

Erinnys (Erin′nys). A Greek name of the Furies. It means Disturber of the Mind.

Erisichthon (Erisich′thon) was punished with perpetual hunger because he defiled the groves of Ceres, and cut down one of the sacred oaks.

Eros (Er′os). The Greek god of love.

Erostratus (Eros′tratus). The rascal who burnt the temple of Diana at Ephesus, thereby hoping to make his name immortal.

Erycina (Eryc′ina). A name of Venus, from Mount Eryx in Sicily.

Erythreos (Erythre′os). The Grecian name of one of the horses of Sol’s chariot.

Esculapius (Escula′pius), see Aesculapius.

Eta (E′ta), see Aeetes.

[53] Ethon (E′thon), one of the horses who drew the chariot of Sol—the sun. The word is Greek, and signifies hot.

Etna (Et′na). A volcanic mountain, beneath which, according to Virgil, there is buried the giant Typhon, who breathes forth devouring flames.

Eudromos (Eu′dromos). The name of one of Actaeon’s hounds.

Eulalon (Eu′lalon), one of the names of Apollo.

Eumenides (Eume′nides), a name of the Furies, meaning mild, and referring to the time when they were approved by Minerva.

Euphrosyne (Euphro′syne), one of the three Graces, see Graces.

“Come, thou goddess fair and free,
In heaven ycleped Euphrosyne.”

Eurus (Eu′rus). The east wind. A son of Aeolus.

Euryale (Eury′ale) was one of the Gorgons, daughter of Phorcus and Ceto.

Eurydice (Euryd′ice), wife of Orpheus, who was killed by a serpent on her wedding night.

“Nor yet the golden verge of day begun.
When Orpheus (her unhappy lord),
Eurydice to life restored,
At once beheld, and lost, and was undone.”
F. Lewis.

Eurythion (Euryth′ion). A seven-headed dragon. See Geryon.

Euterpe (Eu′terpe), one of the Muses, the patroness of instrumental music. The word means agreeable.

[54] Euvyhe (Eu′vyhe), an expression meaning “Well done, son.” Jupiter so frequently addressed his son Bacchus by those words that the phrase at last became one of his names.

Evening Star, see Hesperus.

Evil, see Cacodaemon.

Evils, see Pandora.

Eye, of one, see Cyclops and Glaukopis.

Fame was a poetical deity, represented as having wings and blowing a trumpet. A temple was dedicated to her by the Romans.

Fate, see Nereus.

Fates, or Parcae, were the three daughters of Necessity. Their names were Clotho, who held the distaff; Lachesis, who turned the spindle; and Atropos, who cut the thread with the fatal shears.

Faun. A rural divinity, half man and half goat. They were very similar to the Satyrs. The Fauns attended the god Pan, and the Satyrs attended Bacchus.

Favonius (Favo′nius). The wind favorable to vegetation, that is, Zephyr—the west wind.

“... Time will run
On smoother, till Favonius reinspire
The frozen earth, and clothe in fresh attire
The lily and the rose, that neither sowed nor spun.”

[55] Fays.

“The yellow-skirted Fays
Fly after the night-steeds,
Leaving their moon-loved maze.”

Feasts, see Comus.

Febris (Fe′bris) (fever), one of the evil deities, was worshiped that she might not do harm.

Februus (Feb′ruus). A name of Pluto, from the part of the funeral rites which consisted of purifications.

Feronia (Fero′nia), the Roman goddess of orchards, was patroness of enfranchised slaves. Some authors think Feronia is the same as Juno.

Fertility, see Lupercus.

Festivals, see Thalia.

Fidelity, see Iolaus.

Fides (Fi′des), the goddess of faith and honesty, and a temple in the Capitol of Rome.

Fine Arts, see Minerva.

Fire, see Salamander, Vesta, and Vulcan.

Fire Insurance, see Canopus.

Fisherman, see Glaucus.

Flath-innis (Flath′-in′nis), in Celtic mythology, is Paradise.

Fleece, Golden, see Golden Fleece, Argonauts, and Jason.

Flies, see Muscarius.

Flocks, see Pales (goddess of pastures).

Flora (Flo′ra), goddess of flowers and gardens, was wife of Zephyrus. She enjoyed perpetual youth. Her Grecian name was Chloris.

[56] Floralia (Flora′lia) were licentious games instituted in honor of the goddess Flora.

Flowers, see Flora, Chloris, Hortensis, and Zephyrus.

Flute, see Marsyas.

Fortuna (Fortu′na), the goddess of fortune, had a temple erected to her by Servius Tullius. She was supposed to be able to bestow riches or poverty on mankind, and was esteemed one of the most potent of the ancient goddesses. She is usually represented as standing on a wheel, with a bandage over her eyes, and holding a cornucopia.

Fraud, one of the evil deities, was represented as a goddess with a human face and a serpent’s body, and at the end of her tail was a scorpion’s sting. She lived in the river Cocytus, and nothing but her head was ever seen.

Freyr (Frey′r). The Scandinavian god of fertility and peace. The patron god of Sweden and Iceland.

Freyja (Frey′ja). The Scandinavian Venus. The goddess of love.

Friga (Fri′ga). The Saxon goddess of earthly enjoyments. The name Friday is derived from her. In Scandinavian mythology she is the goddess of marriage.

Fro. The Scandinavian god of tempests and winds.

Frogs, see Clowns of Lycia.

The three fates in a group

See page 54