The Calendar of the Eohrosa Picture
Well, let's start with the latest update of the calendar from my fantasy, Principia Escenca.
Cause I already wrote a long essay about this thing over on tumblr, I'm just gonna be a little bit lazy and copy over the worldbuilding notes from there;
The round colorful thing at the center is the clock. It’s colored according to the colors of the sky. The night is to the right and the day to the left - this is because eohrosa not only think of days and nights to be seperate units (they have no concept of a 24 hour/”full” day, but instead alternate between 12 h days and 12 h nights), but they also believe the night to come before the day, which is because the godess associated with darkness and nights came before the god associated with light and days.
The clock is divided into 16 hours, or 32 half-hours. Technically, the days on their world Ayo is 24 hours just like ours, it’s just that the eohrosa divide their clock differently. Since even the most civilized eohrosa (and they are few, most eohrosa live an animalistic life) are very primitive and have little use for exact time-keeping, the clock is also divided into only 16 main units, and 32 secondary units. There are no minutes - that’s just plain useless for most eohrosa.
The final major thing about the clock is the pointer; you may notice it has 8 points of equal length and size. This is because it’s an universal clock. Each pointer represent a major timezone. This is actually a feature only present on traditional clocks - the typical clock made in Agysana (where the only eohrosa civilization is) usually only have one pointer - possibly three.
The eclipse pointer
In the absolute center of the clock, there’s a little silver pointer thingy. This is the eclipse pointer. Notice the red markings which runs from one end to the other, these will point towards where the two eclipse seasons will occur each year.
Seasons and moons
The green-blue are that comes after the moon phases are the seasons. The square-ish things that come after those are the moons - aka months. There’s 14 moons, and 8 seasons - one season is two moons long (with the exception for two seasons at the top and bottom of the calendar, they are one moon long and corresponds to the moon of the mother and the moon of the father respectively). The seasons doesn’t really refer to a specific season like summer and spring, obviously these 8 seasons means different things depending on where in the world you are - they are often used to refer to weather and climate conditions though.
The moons corresponds with the stone carvings (more on that later) and the creation legend it depicts. The moons also corresponds to the elements and their position relative to one another. The two water moons are opposite the two fire moons and so on.
Now, there’s a bit of a quirk to this here; The void moon - or the “moon of the mother” as it’s properly called - is both the first and last moon of the year. New year takes place in the middle of this moon. The Great Mother of the Void is after all the godess of time and reality - so everything has to begin and end with her.
Weeks and days
The weeks is the blue-green above the moons, and the days are the black, gold and red little bars. There’s four weeks per moon and 14 days/nights per week (7 full days). This makes it 56 days/nights per moon (28 full days).
The red bars are not days or nights but only serve to visually seperate the days of each week. The gold bars represent days and the black ones represent nights.
In addition, there’s one extra day and one extra night (one full day) inbetween the end of the year and the beginning of the next year, the so called “New Sun Solstice”. This day and night occurs in the middle of the moon of the mother and is colored yellow and green.
The naming of the weeks and days varies a little depending on which moon it is. The weeks are named after the eohrosa ancestors. But there are 8 ancestors and only 4 weeks per moon so the weeks alternate between being named after the female ancestors or the male ancestors. The first moon of the year, the moon of the mother, has weeks named after the female ancestors, the next moon, the moon of the fire, has its weeks named after the male ancestors and so on. The text color of the weeks indicate if the weeks are named after the female or male ancestors - black for female and white for male. The moons are often refered to as “doe moons” and “bull moons” which refers to this.
The days are named after the angels and mostly the names stay the same each week and moon. There is one little exception though with the first day and night (first full day). In the moons surrounding the moon of the mother (the black one), the “dark moons”, the first night is the “night of faith” and the first day the “day of chaos”. On the moons on the other side of the calendar - those surrounding the moon of the father (the white one) - the “light moons”, the first night is the “night of conflict” and the first day is the “day of tranquility”.
Solstices and equinoxes
The golden markers at the top, bottom and both sides marks solstices and equinoxes. The top marker marks the “new sun solstice” (aka winter solstice), the bottom marker marks the “full sun solstice” (summer solstice). The right marker marks the “dawn equinox” (spring equinox), and the left marker marks the “dusk equinox” (autumn equinox).
All moons between the dusk and dawn equinoxes, on the upper side with the new sun solstice, are the “dark moons” and coincide with winter for the northern hemisphere. The opposite moons, between the dawn and dusk equinoxes on the side with the full sun solstice, are the “light moons” and coincide with summer in the northern hemisphere.
The stone carvings
The stone carvings tells a story - the creation myth of the eohrosas’ universe and world. I’m not gonna bore you with the entire creation myth here but basically it starts at the new sun solstice with Eotheia, aka the Great Mother and godess of the void (time and reality), followed by the birth of Phararos, the Great Father and god of the cosmos (space and gravity) and then the births of their daughters, the 6 divine sisters, and the beings (or in most cases the very early forefathers of these beings) they also created during this time.
The planet calendar
The circles and stuff above the stone carvings are the celestial calendar, or planet calendar. The world of the eohrosa is geocentric - actually geocentric, not just them thinking it is - so here the whole inner circle - which includes the days, weeks, moons, seasons and clock - represents the world, Ayo. The stone carvings represent the space between Ayo and the celestial bodies.
The first celestial body (on the blue-green circle) is the moon, also known as Eoma. After the moon is the six various planets of the solar system. The outhermost celestial body is the sun, also known as Pharos. You’ll notice that all planets are located between the sun and Ayo - one of them is a gas giant and some others are very big. Ayo’s solar system makes up for it by having the sun further away, but bigger.
The celestial bodies are also the planes of the deities. The sun is the plane of Phararos, the moon is the plane of Eotheia, and the six planets are the planes of the six divine sisters. So these celestial bodies are a tad more magical than our own solar system.
The constellations, located just after the celestial calendar, shows a couple of major constellations that are located around the equator of Ayo and thus which are visible at night change throughout the year. The constellations on the upper half are those that are visible in the night sky.
These particular constellations also represents major eons, eras and epochs in the history of Ayo and the universe.
The Soul Path
Last but not least is the soul path, aka the milky way. In this world it’s not exactly a galaxy but the path souls take on their way to the star sky. Remember how the inner circle represents Ayo, the stone carvings represents empty space and the celestial calendar represents the moon, sun and planets? Well, the constellation calendar represents the star sky, which is a big expanse of space beyond the sun in which all stars exists. Stars, in this universe, are actually souls - or remnants of souls, the memories of the dead to be more precise. Sorta like skeletons of the mind - that are sent into space (trippy, I know