Athena - also referred to as Pallas Athena, is the Sixth Olympian, goddess of civilization, wisdom, strength, strategy, craft, justice, and skill in Greek mythology. Minerva, Athena's Roman incarnation, embodies similar attributes. Athena is also a shrewd companion of heroes and the goddess of heroic endeavor. She is the virgin patron of Athens. The Athenians built the Parthenon on the Acropolis of her namesake city, Athens, in her honor Athena Parthenos. Her Symbols Include the Aegis, a shield with the face of medusa, the spear and the Owl. In Roman Mythology, Athena was referred to as Minerva.