The Golden Mushussu Picture

Edit: Added notes about the relationship between Labbu and Mušḫuššu and a link to a book

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Trabajos relacionados/related works

Mušḫuššu symbols, La Paleta de Narmer, Serpopardos de Narmer, Narmer palette 3
El Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu (𒈲𒄭𒄊) es mi criatura mitológica favorita de todos los tiempos. Esto es un tributo a esta excelente criatura.
The Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu (𒈲𒄭𒄊) is my favourite mythology creature ever. This is a tribute to this magnificient creature.

Descripción/Description


El Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu es una serpiente dragón propia del mundo mesopotámico, desde el periodo acadio hasta el periodo helenístico, como un símbolo de diferentes dioses o como un híbrido mágico protector no asociado de manera específica a ninguna divinidad. Comparando la figura mostrada en las puertas y la Vía Procesional en Babilonia con la descripción de las operaciones de construcción dadas por el Rey Nebucodonosor II (que reinó del 604-562 a.c.), ha sido posible identificar la criatura con certeza con el nombre acadio de Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu "serpiente furiosa". Las complejas mitologías y las asociaciones divinas que rodean esta criatura sólo han sido recopiladas y explicadas recientemente.

El Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu fue originariamente un sirviente de Ninazu, el dios de la ciudad de Ešnunna. Fue "heredado" por el dios Tišpak, cuando éste remplazó a Ninazu como dios de la ciudad en el periodo acadio o paleobabilónico, y en Lagaš llegó a ser asociado con el hijo de Ninazu, Ningišzida. Probablemente después de la conquista de Hammurapi de Ešnunna, la criatura fue transferida al nuevo dios nacional babilónico, Marduk, y después a Nabû.

La conquista de Babilonia por el rey asirio Senaquerib (que reinó del 704 al 681 a.c.) llevó al motivo a Asiria, normalmente como bestia del dios estatal Aššur. En el relieve de Senaquerib en Maltai, sin embargo, acompaña a tres dioses diferentes: Aššur, Ellil (Enlil) y otro dios, muy probablemente Nabû.

Texto: Traducido por Jakeukalane, tomado de Gods, Demons and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia.

The Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu was a dragon-serpent from the mesopotamian mythology, since the akkadian period to the helenistic period, as a symbol of diferents gods or as a protector magical hybrid not associated specifically to any deity.

The Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu (dragon-serpent) was associated with several gods in Mesopotamian history. It was a servant of Ninazu, the city-god of Ešnunna in the third millennium and the son of Ereškigal, the queen of the underworld. When Ninazu was displaced by Tišpak, the Hurrian storm god, as the city-god of Ešnunna, the Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu came to be seen as a mount for Tišpak. In the Labbu-myth, Tišpak subdues the Mušḫuššu (Edit: The Labbu serpent [labbu is a poetic name for "lion" but it is interpreted in that myth as "furious". Labbu snake may be a different serpent, because of his description. Maybe is only the evolution of the creature. For further discusion look here) and so brings this fierce monster under his control. The snake-dragon figure in Mesopotamian iconography has the body of a snake, the front legs of a lion, the back legs of a bird, a serpentine neck and a head with horns. When Hammurapi conquered Ešnunna, the Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu became the servant of Marduk; later it served Nabû. Under the Assyrians, the Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu served Aššur. As a composite being of two wild, terror-inspiring animals, the snake-dragon (perhaps a roaring lion-dragon) with a venomous bite was a foe beyond all foes. Such a powerful monster would be a fitting symbol for the deity regarded as exercising sovereignty in Mesopotamia.



"The cities have gone to ruins, the nations [have become...],
the people have decreased in number o[n the earth]
to their noise [Furious-Snake does] not [pay attention],
on their cries he has no [pity]"
"Who has [created Furious]-Snake?"
"Sea has [created Furious]-Snake,
but Enlil in heaven designed [its form].


Fragment of the Labbu Myth mentioned before. "To the Euphrates and beyond, Archaeological studies in honour of Maurits N.van Loon".


I used a diferent source for the text in english, not very different really and a bit more descriptive. I want to avoid to translate my translation (english-spanish-english). The gods mentioned are almost the same with the exception that the previous excerpt mentioned Ningišzida (in Lagaš) and the relief of Senaquerib in Maltai (Malthayiah) with the gods Aššur, Ellil (Enlil) and probably Nabû mounted in Mušḫuššu/Mušhuššu

Text: Spirit and reason : the embodied character of Ezekiel's symbolic thinking. Despite of the confusing title, this extract is reliable.

Mušhuššu

Imagen original/Original image

Hecho con/done with


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