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The Religion of the Ancient Celts

Page: 171

AL; and especially Nutt, Legend of the Holy Grail, 1888.

Footnote 1293:(return)

"Adventures of Nera," RC x. 226; RC xvi. 62, 64.

Footnote 1294:(return)

P. 106, supra.

Footnote 1295:(return)

P. 107, supra.

Footnote 1296:(return)

For parallel myths see Rig-Veda, i. 53. 2; Campbell, Travels in South Africa, i. 306; Johnston, Uganda Protectorate, ii. 704; Ling Roth, Natives of Sarawak, i. 307; and cf. the myth of Prometheus.

Footnote 1297:(return)

This is found in the stories of Bran, Maelduin, Connla, in Fian tales (O'Grady, ii. 228, 238), in the "Children of Tuirenn," and in Gaelic Märchen.

Footnote 1298:(return)

Martin, 277; Sébillot, ii. 76.

Footnote 1299:(return)

Burton, Thousand Nights and a Night, x. 239; Chamberlain, Aino Folk-Tales, 38; L'Anthropologie, v. 507; Maspero, Hist. anc. des peuples de l'Orient, i. 183. The lust of the women of these islands is fatal to their lovers.

Footnote 1300:(return)

An island near New Guinea is called "the land of women." On it men are allowed to land temporarily, but only the female offspring of the women are allowed to survive (L' Anthrop. v. 507). The Indians of Florida had a tradition of an island in a lake inhabited by the fairest women (Chateaubriand, Autob. 1824, ii. 24), and Fijian mythology knows of an Elysian island of goddesses, near the land of the gods, to which a few favoured mortals are admitted (Williams, Fiji, i. 114).

Footnote 1301:(return)

P. 274, supra. Islands may have been regarded as sacred because of such cults, as the folk-lore reported by Plutarch suggests (p. 343, supra). Celtic saints retained the veneration for islands, and loved to dwell on them, and the idea survives in folk-belief. Cf. the veneration of Lewismen for the Flannan islands.

Footnote 1302:(return)

Gir. Camb. Itin. Camb. i. 8.

Footnote 1303:(return)

Translations of some of these Voyages by Stokes are given in RC, vols. ix. x. and xiv. See also Zimmer, "Brendan's Meerfahrt," Zeits. für Deut. Alt. xxxiii.; cf. Nutt-Meyer, ch. 4, 8.

Footnote 1304:(return)

RC iv. 243.

{391}

INDEX


Abnoba, 43.

Adamnan, 72.

Aed Abrat, 65.

Aed Slane, 351.

Aeracura, 37, 44.

Afanc, 190.

Agricultural rites, 3, 4, 57, 80, 140, 227, 237. See Festivals.

Aife, 129.

Aillén, 70.

Aine, 70 f.

Aitherne, 84.

Albiorix, 28.

All Saints' Day, 170.

All Souls' Day, 170.

Allat, 87, 100.

Alpine race, 8, 12.

Altars, 282 f.

Amæthon, 107, 384.

Amairgen, 55, 172.

Ambicatus, 19, 222.

Amours with mortals, divine, 128, 159, 348, 350, 355.

Amulets, 30, 327 f., 323.

Ancestor worship, 165, 200.

Andarta, 41.

Andrasta, 41, 125.

Anextiomarus, 125.

Animal gods, anthropomorphic, 34, 92, 106, 139 f., 158, 210, 212, 226.

Animal worship, 3, 92, 140, 186, 208 f., 260.

Animals, burial of, 186, 211, 221.

Animals, descent from, 213, 216 f.

Animals, domestic, from the gods' land, 37, 384.

Animals, dressing as, 217, 260.

Animals, sacramental eating of, 221 f.

Animals, slaughter of, 382.

Animals, tabooed, 219.

Animism, 173, 185.

Ankou, 345.

Annwfn, 106, 111, 115, 117, 367 f., 381.

Anu, 67 f., 72, 73, 223.

Anwyl, Prof., 41 note, 96.

Apollo, 25, 27, 180, 183, 231.

Arawn, 368, 384, 387.

Archæology, 2.

Arduinna, 43.

Arianrhod, 104, 105, 106, 109 f.

Artemis, 42, 110, 177, 242.

Artaios, 24, 121.

Arthur, 88, 97, 117, 119 f., 211, 242, 344, 369, 381.

Arthurian cycle, 119, 383.

Artor, 121.

Arvalus, 125.

Astrology, 248.

Augustus, 23, 90.

Auto-suggestion, 254.

Avagddu, 116.

Avallon, 120, 369.


Bacchus, 274.

Badb, 58, 71, 72, 136, 137, 232.

Badbcatha, 41, 71.

Balor, 31, 35 note, 54, 57, 89, 90.

Banba, 50, 73, 74.

Banfeinnidi, 72.

Bangaisgedaig, 72.

Baptism, 196 note, 308 f.

Bards, 117, 299, 325.

Barintus, 88.

Barrex, 125.

Barri, S., 88.

Bear, cult of, 212.

Beddoe, Dr., 12.

Belatucadros, 28, 125.

Belenos, 26, 102, 113, 124, 231, 264, 298.

Belgæ, 9 f.

Beli, 60, 98, 103, 112 f., 124.

Belinuntia, 26, 322.

{392}

Belinus, 26, 102, 113, 124.

Belisama, 41, 68-69, 125.

Bellovesus, 19.

Beltane, 92, 194, 239, 259, 264.

Bericynthia, 44, 275.

Bertrand, M., 305.

Bile, 162, 201.

Bile, 54, 60, 103.

Bird gods, 108, 205, 247.

Birth, 196, 345.

Black Annis' Bower, 67.

Blathnat, 109, 381.

Blodeuwedd, 104, 105 f., 108.

Blood, 240, 244.

Blood, Brotherhood, 131, 240.

Boand, 81, 191.

Boar, cult of, 42.

Bodb, 83.

Bodb Dearg, 64, 78, 86.

Bormana, 43.

Borvo, 43, 183.

Boudicca, 125, 161, 219.

Boughs, 265, 270.

Boundary stones, 284.

Braciaca, 28.

Bran, 34, 98, 100 f., 107, 111, 117, 160, 242, 363, 379 f.

Branwen, 98, 103 f., 381 f., 385.

Braziers, god of, 76.

Brennius, 102, 112 f.

Brennus, 160.

Bres, 53, 54, 58-59.

Brian, 73 f.

Bride, S., 69.

Bridge, 346.

Bridge of Life, 228.

Brigantia, 68, 125.

Brigindo, 68, 275.

Brigit, 41, 58, 68 f., 90, 92.

Brigit, St., 68 f., 88 note, 257.

Broca, 9.

Bronze Age, 148.

Brother-sister unions, 106, 113.

Brown Bull, 130.

Brownie, 166, 189, 245.

Brug. See Síd.

Brythons, 13.

Brythons, gods of, 85, 95 f., 124.

Buanann, 68, 73, 223.

Bull, cult of, 38, 140, 189, 208, 243.

Burial rites, 309, 337 f.


Caer Sidi, 112, 117, 368.

Cæsar, 22, 29, 219, 223, 233, 283, 294, 334.

Cakes, 266.

Calatin, 131 f.

Calendar, 175 f., 252.

Camulos, 125, 149.

Candlemas, 69.

Cannibalism, 239, 271.

Caoilte, 61, 142, 152, 336.

Caractacus, 103.

Carman, 167.

Carpenters, god of, 76.

Cassiterides, 39.

Cassivellaunus, 113.

Castor and Pollux, 136.

Caswallawn, 98, 102, 112-113.

Cathbad, 127.

Cathubodua, 41, 71.

Caturix, 28.

Cauldron, 92, 112, 116, 120, 368, 381.

Celtæ, 8, 9, 15.

Celtiberians, 176, 246.

Celtic and Teutonic religion, 11.

Celtic empire, 18 f.

Celtic origins, 8 f.

Celtic people, types of, 8.

Celtic religion, evolution of, 3 f.

Celtic religion, higher aspects of, 6.

Celtic religion, homogeneity of, 5.

Celtic religion, Roman influence on, 5.

Celts, gods of, 158.

Celts, religiosity of, 2.

Celts, temperament of, 3, 14.

Cenn Cruaich, 66, 79 note.

Cera, 77.

Cernunnos, 29 f., 32, 101, 136, 212, 282.

Cerridwen, 116 f., 351, 358 f.

Cessair, 50.

Cethlenn, 59, 81.

Cetnad, 249.

Charms, 172, 356.

Church and paganism, 6, 7, 48, 80, 115, 132, 152 f., 174 f., 203 f., 238, 249, 258, 272, 280, 285, 288-289, 315, 321, 331, 389.

Cian, 75, 89.

Clairvoyance, 307.

Cleena, 70.

Clota, 43, 70.

Clutoida, 70.

Cocidius, 125.

Cock, 219.

Columba, S., 17, 66, 88 note, 181, 238, 315, 324, 331-332, 358.

Combats, ritual, 263, 267.

Comedovæ, 47.

Comyn, M., 143, 151.

{393}

Conaire, 220, 252, 255.

Conall Cernach, 134, 136, 230, 240.


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