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Myths of Greece and Rome Narrated with Special Reference to Literature and Art

Page: 203

Na-i´a-des.
Fountain nymphs subject to Neptune, 297, 298.

Na-pæ´æ.
Valley nymphs, who looked after the flocks also, 297.

Nar-cis´sus.
Youth loved by Echo;
enamored with his own image, 118-120.

Nau-sic´a-a.
Daughter of Alcinous and Arete;
befriends Ulysses, 355.

Nax´os.
Island visited by Theseus and Bacchus, 179, 257;
significance, 391.

Nec´tar.
Beverage of the gods, poured out by Hebe and Ganymede, 41, 84.

Ne´leus.
Son of Neptune;
brother of Pelias, 154.

Ne´me-a.
Forest in Greece, devastated by a lion slain by Hercules, 220.

Ne´me-an Games.
Games in honor of Jupiter and Hercules, 239.

[422] Ne´me-an Lion.
Monster slain by Hercules, 220.

Nem´e-sis.
Goddess of vengeance, 163;
pursues Orestes, 336.

Ne-op-tol´e-mus.
Same as Pyrrhus;
Achilles’ son;
slays Priam, 361.

Neph´e-le.
Wife of Athamas;
mother of Phryxus and Helle, 265;
significance, 391, 397.

Nep´tune.
Same as Poseidon, god of the sea, 149-158;
son of Cronus, 22;
kingdom given to, 25;
Deluge controlled by, 36, 37;
horse created by, 57;
Delos created by, 62;
walls built by, 65;
Mars punished by, 139;
girl protected by, 197;
Vesta wooed by, 198;
Minos punished by, 223;
Pegasus created by, 244;
Hippolytus slain by, 262;
Thetis wooed by, 305;
Trojans punished by, 332, 333;
Polyphemus, son of, 339;
Ulysses’ men slain by, 354, 355;
Æneas saved by, 366, 370;
significance, 397, 400.

Ne-re´i-des.
Water nymphs;
daughters of Nereus and Doris, 153, 155;
significance, 397.

Ne´re-us.
God of the sea;
the personification of its pleasant aspect, 154, 226;
father of Thetis, 305;
significance, 397.

Nes´sus.
The Centaur who carries Deianeira across the river;
slain by Hercules, 234, 235;
significance, 390.

Nes´tor.
Greek hero during Trojan war;
noted for wise counsel, 275, 314, 357.

Ni´ce.
Same as Victory;
attendant of Jupiter, 41.

Night.
Same as Nyx or Nox, 13, 15, 57, 208.

Nightmares.
Attendants of Somnus, crouching in his cave, 210.

Ni´o-be.
Daughter of Tantalus, whose children are slain by Apollo and Diana, 93-96, 167;
significance, 398.

Ni´sus.
Youth who accompanies Euryalus to summon Æneas back to camp, 374.

No´man.
Name assumed by Ulysses to mislead Polyphemus, 343, 344.

No´tus or Auster.
Southwest wind;
son of Æolus and Aurora, 213-215.

Nox.
Same as Nyx, goddess of night;
marries Chaos and Erebus, 13.

Nu´ma Pom-pil´i-us.
Second king of Rome;
built Vesta’s temple, 200.

Nymphs.
Name given to female minor divinities, 297.

Ny-si´a-des.
Nymphs who cared for Bacchus, and form a constellation, 174.

Nyx.
Same as Nox, goddess of night;
mother of Day and Light, 13, 15, 17, 163.

O-ce-an´i-des.
Daughters of Oceanus;
nymphs of the ocean, 25, 103, 303;
significance, 397.

O-ce´a-nus.
1. River surrounding the earth, according to ancients, 15, 16, 229.
2. One of the Titans;
son of Uranus and Gæa, 17, 20, 22, 25, 149;
significance, 397.

O-cris´i-a.
A slave;
wife of Vulcan;
mother of Servius Tullius, 148.

O-dys´seus.
Same as Ulysses;
hero of the Odyssey, 337.

Od´ys-sey.
Epic poem of Homer on the adventures of Ulysses, 337.

Œd´i-pus.
Son of Laius and Jocasta;
King of Thebes, 280-290;
significance, 392, 393, 394.

Ϋneus.
Father of Meleager and Deianeira;
husband of Althæa, 232, 275.

Œ-no´ne.
Wife of Paris, son of Priam, 307, 308;
she dies on his funeral pyre, 331;
significance, 394.

Œ-no´pi-on. Father of Merope;
blinds Orion, 99.

Ϋta.
Mountain on whose summit Hercules builds his funeral pyre, 238.

O-gyg´i-a.
Island where Calypso detains Ulysses seven years, 354.

O-lym´pi-a.
City in Elis noted for its temple and games, 49, 230, 239.

O-lym´pi-ad.
Time between Olympian Games; i.e., four years, 49.

O-lym´pi-an Games.
Games instituted by Hercules in honor of Jupiter, 49, 230.

O-lym´pus.
Mountain north of Greece;
the abode of the gods, 15, 17, 20, 21, 22, 28, 29, 39, 51, 55, 58, 70, 76, 96, 106, 120, 128, 132, 135, 153, 171, 240, 297, 373, 375;
[423] gods fly from, 24;
Prometheus visits, 28;
Ganymede transported to, 43;
Vulcan expelled from, 144;
Ceres visits, 194;
Bellerophon storms, 295;
Thetis visits, 319;
significance, 384.

Om´pha-le.
Queen of Lydia;
the taskmistress of Hercules, 230.

O-ne-i-co-pom´pus.
Name borne by Mercury as conductor of dreams, 131, 137.

Ops.
Same as Cybele;
name given to Rhea, and also to Ceres, 20.

O-re´a-des.
Mountain nymphs who guided travelers, 297.

O-res´tes.
Son of Agamemnon and Clytæmnestra;
friend of Pylades, 336.

O-ri´on.
Youth loved by Diana, and accidentally slain by her, 98-100.

Or-i-thy´i-a.
Wife of Boreas;
mother of Calais, Zetus, Cleopatra, and Chione, 215.

Or´pheus.
Musician;
son of Apollo and Calliope, 75-80, 266;
significance, 387, 388.

Os´sa.
Mountain in Thessaly, upon which the Titans piled Pelion, 23.

O´tus.
Giant son of Neptune;
slain by Diana and Apollo, 139, 154;
significance, 400.

Pac-to´lus.
River in Asia Minor in which Midas washed, to remove his golden plague, 179.

Pa-læ´mon.
Son of Athamas and Ino;
changed into sea god, 174.

Pal-a-me´des.
Messenger sent to summon Ulysses to war against Troy, 312.

Pal-i-nu´rus.
Æneas’ pilot;
lost at sea off Cape Misenum, 370, 372.

Pal-la´di-um.
Statue of Minerva, 60;
stolen from Troy by Ulysses and Diomedes, 198, 332.

Pal´las.
1. Name given to Minerva in Athens, 27, 55, 57.
2. Son of Evander;
slain by Turnus while fighting for Æneas, 374, 375.

Pal´lor.
Special attendant of Mars;
lover of strife, 138.

Pan.
Same as Consentes, god of nature and the universe, 74, 127, 300, 301;
significance, 400.

Pan-ath-e-næ´a.
Festivals held in honor of Minerva, 60.

Pan-do´ra.
First woman;
created in heaven, she brings evil into the world, 29-35, 37.

Par´cæ.
The Fates, or Mœræ;
they spin the thread of destiny, 165.

Par´is.
Son of Priam and Hecuba, 307;
judgment of, 308;
visits Troy, 308, 310;
elopes with Helen, 312;
duel with Menelaus, 320;
in battle, 323;
Achilles slain by, 330;
death of, 331;
significance, 394.

Par-nas´sus.
Mountain in Greece, 37, 38;
sacred to Apollo and the Muses, 90.

Par-the´ni-um.
Mountain upon which Atalanta was exposed, 275.

Par´the-non.
Temple dedicated to Minerva at Athens, 60.

Pa-tro´clus.
Friend of Achilles;
slain by Hector, 324-328;
significance, 395.

Peg´a-sus.
Steed born from the sea foam and the blood of Medusa, 154, 244;
Bellerophon rides, 292-296;
significance, 394, 397.

Pe´leus.
Husband of Thetis;
father of Achilles, 266, 275, 305, 314.

Pe´li-as.
Uncle of Jason;
brother of Neleus, 154;
usurps the throne of Æson, 263-266, 273.

Pe´li-on.
A high mountain in Thessaly, piled upon Ossa by the giants to reach Olympus, 23, 266.

Pel-o-pon-ne´sus.
The peninsula south of Greece, 49, 167.

Pe´lops.
Son of Tantalus;
gave his name to the Peloponnesus, 167;
father of Copreus, 153;
significance, 389.

Pe-na´tes.
Household gods worshiped in Rome with the Lares, 203, 204;
Æneas saves the, 362.

Pe-nel´o-pe.
1. Wife of Ulysses, 312;
suitors of, 357-359;
significance, 395.
2. A nymph, the mother of Pan, 300.

Pe-ne´us.
1. River god;
father of Daphne;
changes Daphne into a laurel.
2. Name of a river in Greece, 68.

Pen-the-si-le´a.
Queen of Amazons;
slain during Trojan war, 329.

Pen´theus.
King of Thebes;
refuses to receive Bacchus, and is slain, 181, 182.

[424] Per-i-phe´tes.
Son of Vulcan, 148;
encountered and slain by Theseus, 251.

Per-seph´o-ne.
Same as Proserpina, goddess of vegetation, 183, 187, 194.

Per´seus.
Son of Jupiter and Danae;
slays Medusa, 240-249;
significance, 390, 391, 393, 394, 395.

Pet´a-sus.
Name given to the winged cap worn by Mercury, 134.

Phæ-a´ci-ans.
People who dwelt in Scheria, and sent Ulysses home, 355;
significance, 395.

Phæ´dra.
Daughter of Minos;
wife of Theseus, 262;
significance, 391.

Pha´e-ton.
Son of Apollo and Clymene;
drives the sun car, and is slain, 83-88;
significance, 388, 395.

Pha-e-tu´sa.
Sister of Phaeton;
one of the Heliades, 87;
Apollo’s flocks guarded by, 353.

Phe-re-phat´ta.
Name given to Persephone, or Proserpina, 183.

Phid´i-as.
Noted Greek sculptor;
made statues of the gods, 49, 60.

Phi-le´mon.
Husband of Baucis;
changed into an oak, 43, 44.

Phil-oc-te´tes.
Friend of Hercules;
receives his arrows, 238, 330, 331.

Phi-lon´o-e.
Daughter of Iobates;
wife of Bellerophon, 292;
significance, 394.

Phin´e-us.
The blind king of Thrace;
annoyed by the Harpies, 248, 249, 267.

Phleg´e-thon.
One of the rivers of Hades;
a river of fire, 161, 163, 350.

Pho´bos.
One of the attendants of Mars, god of war, 138.

Pho´cis.
Province in Greece, bounded by Doris, Locris, and the Gulf of Corinth, 336.

Phϫbe.
One of the Titanides, 17, 20;
same as Diana, 93.

Phϫbus.
Name given to Apollo, god of the sun and of medicine, 61, 67, 90, 94, 96, 318;
significance, 386.

Phœ-nic´i-a.
Province in Asia Minor, named after Phœnix, 47;
significance, 386.

Phϫnix.
Brother of Europa, who gave his name to Phœnicia, 45, 47.

Phryx´us.
Son of Athamas and Nephele;
rides on golden-fleeced ram to Colchis, 154, 265;
significance, 391, 397.

Pi-re´ne.
Fountain near Corinth, where Pegasus drinks, 294.

Pi-rith´o-us.
King of the Lapithæ;
friend of Theseus, 259, 260, 275.

Ple´ia-des.
Seven of Diana’s nymphs;
pursued by Orion and changed into stars, 98.

Plu´to.
Same as Hades, Dis, Aïdoneus, etc., 159-170;
god of the Infernal Regions, 25, 76, 77, 79, 110, 208, 350;
birth of, 22;
Proserpina kidnapped by, 183-187;
Arethusa sees, 193;
Ceres visits, 195;
Perseus aided by, 243;
Theseus punished by, 260;
significance, 396, 401.

Plu´tus.
Name given to Pluto when invoked as god of wealth, 159.

Pod-a-lir´i-us.
Son of Æsculapius;
skilled in medicine, 64.


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