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Myths of Greece and Rome Narrated with Special Reference to Literature and Art

Page: 201

Ja-nic´u-lum.
City on the Tiber, founded by Janus, 205.

Ja´nus.
God of all beginnings, of entrances, gates, etc., 205-207;
opening of temple of, 373.

Ja´nus Quad´ri-fons.
A square temple dedicated to Janus, 206.

Ja´son.
Son of Æson;
captured the golden fleece, 263-274;
significance, 392, 393.

Jo-cas´ta.
Wife of Laius, 280;
marries Œdipus, her son, 285;
commits suicide, 286;
significance, 392, 393.

Jove.
Same as Jupiter, 39;
birth of, 20;
day of, 207;
Leda courted by, 311;
decree of, 329.

Ju´no.
Birth of, 22;
flight of, 24;
Jupiter’s wife, 44;
same as Hera, 51-54;
jealousy of, 61, 62, 135-137, 171, 172, 174, 203, 216;
Mars, son of, 138;
Vulcan, son of, 144;
Tityus insults, 169;
Æolus, servant of, 213;
Hercules persecuted by, 216-218, 219, 224;
Jason carries, 264;
Jason aided by, 266, 267;
contest of Minerva and Venus with, 306-308;
Troy destroyed by, 362;
Æneas persecuted by, 364, 365, 369, 373-375;
significance, 385, 389, 400.

[419] Ju´pi-ter.
Birth of, 20;
supremacy of, 21;
giants defeated by, 22-24;
kingdom divided by, 25;
Prometheus punished by, 28;
Mercury, messenger of, 31, 134;
Deluge caused by, 36;
same as Jove, 39-49;
Juno courted by, 51;
Minerva borne by, 55;
Latona courted by, 61;
Æsculapius slain by, 64;
Amphion, son of, 80;
Phaeton slain by, 87;
Muses, daughters of, 88;
Venus, daughter of, 103;
Graces, daughters of, 105;
Venus borrows thunderbolts of, 111;
Mercury, son of, 131;
Io courted by, 135, 136;
Mars, son of, 138;
Vulcan, son of, 144;
thunderbolts of, 147, 155;
Neptune exiled by, 151;
Semele courted by, 171-174;
Ceres, wife of, 183;
Hercules, son of, 216, 218;
games in honor of, 230, 239;
Hercules saved by, 238;
Danae courted by, 240, 241;
Helen, daughter of, 260, 311;
Bellerophon punished by, 295;
Thetis loved by, 305, 306;
Thetis seeks, 319;
interference of, 320, 362, 375;
Sarpedon, son of, 325;
Apollo appeased by, 354;
significance, 381, 384, 385, 386, 388, 389, 390, 394, 396, 398-400.

Jus´tice.
Same as Themis, 44;
mother of seasons, 105.

Ju-tur´na.
Sister and charioteer of Turnus, 376.

Ju-ven´tas.
Same as Hebe, goddess of youth, 41.

Ka´kia.
Goddess of vice;
tries to mislead Hercules, 218.

Lab´y-rinth.
A maze in Crete, constructed by Dædalus for the Minotaur, 253-257.

Lac-e-dæ-mo´ni-a.
Province in Peloponnesus;
capital Sparta, also name of Sparta, 312.

Lac-e-dæ-mo´ni-ans.
Inhabitants of Lacedæmonia, or Sparta, 212.

Lach´e-sis.
One of the Fates;
twists the thread of life, 165.

La´don.
Dragon which guarded golden apples of Hesperides, 226.

La-er´tes.
Father of Ulysses, 315, 345;
Penelope weaves his shroud, 357.

Læs-try-go´ni-ans.
Cannibals visited by Ulysses, 347.

La´ius.
Father of Œdipus, 280;
slain by him, 282;
significance, 392-394.

Lam-pe´tia.
One of the Heliades, 87;
guards the cattle of the sun, 353, 354.

La-oc´o-on.
Trojan priest;
crushed to death by two serpents, 333-335.

La-od-a-mi´a.
Wife of Protesilaus;
dies of grief, 316, 317.

La-om´e-don.
King of Troy;
employs Neptune and Apollo to build walls, 151, 152;
significance, 386.

Lap´i-thæ.
People who dwelt in Thessaly and fought the Centaurs, 230, 260;
Ixion, king of, 169;
Pirithous, king of, 259.

La´ra.
Wife of Mercury;
mother of the two Lares, 203.

La´res.
Two tutelary divinities of ancient Roman households, 203;
saved by Anchises, 362.

Lat´in.
Names of days in, 207.

Lat´ins.
People of Latinus and Æneas, 377;
Æneas fights, 375.

La-ti´nus.
King of Latium, 372;
welcomes and then wars against Æneas, 373, 374, 376;
Æneas makes peace with, 377.

La´ti-um.
Province of Italy, ruled by Latinus, 377;
Æneas comes to, 372.

Lat´mus.
Mountain in Asia Minor, where Endymion lies asleep, 97;
significance, 388, 392, 394.

La-to´na.
Same as Leto;
wife of Jupiter;
mother of Apollo and Diana, 61, 62;
boast of, 93;
significance, 396.

Lau´sus.
Hero slain by Æneas during wars against the Rutules, 376.

La-vin´i-a.
Daughter of Latinus, 372, 373;
Æneas’ second wife, 376, 377.

Le-an´der.
Youth of Abydus;
Hero’s lover, who swam the Hellespont, 111-117.

Le-ar´chus.
Son of Athamas and Ino;
slain by his father, 174.

Le´da.
Mother of Castor and Pollux, Helen and Clytæmnestra, 311;
significance, 394.

Le´laps.
The tireless hunting dog given by Procris to Cephalus, 70.

[420] Lem´nos.
Island in the Grecian Archipelago;
Vulcan landed there, 144;
Philoctetes on, 330.

Ler´na.
Marsh where the Hydra lay concealed, 220.

Le´the.
River of forgetfulness, which separated the Elysian Fields from Hades, 161, 163, 208, 210.

Le´to.
Same as Latona;
mother of Apollo and Diana, 61;
significance, 386, 388, 392, 394.

Leu-co´the-a.
Same as Ino, Athamas’ wife;
sea goddess, 174;
Ulysses rescued by, 355.

Li´ber.
Same as Bacchus, god of wine and revelry, 174.

Lib-er-a´li-a.
Festivals in honor of Liber, or Bacchus, held in the autumn, 182.

Lib´y-a.
Ancient name of Africa;
coast upon which Æneas landed, 48, 366.

Li´chas.
Bearer of the Nessus robe;
slain by Hercules, 236-238.

Light.
Same as Æther, 13.

Lip´a-ri Islands.
Same as Æolian Islands, where Ulysses landed, 213.

Little Bear.
Arcas changed into the constellation of the, 52.

Lo´tis.
Nymph changed into a lotus blossom, 299.

Lo-toph´a-gi.
People whose food was the lotus;
the Lotus-eaters, 338.

Love.
Same as Eros, Cupid, etc., 13;
Psyche courted by, 124-127.

Loves.
Attendants of Venus, 148.

Lower Regions.
Visited by Æneas, 372.

Lu´nae.
Same as Diana, 207.

Lyc´i-a.
Land ruled by Iobates, who sends Bellerophon to slay the Chimæra, 291, 295.

Lyc-o-me´des.
King of Scyros;
treacherously slays Theseus, 262;
shelters Achilles, 314, 315.

Ly´cus.
Antiope’s second husband;
slain by Amphion and Zethus, 80-82.

Lyd´i-a.
Kingdom of Midas, in Asia Minor, 177, 230.

Lyn´ceus.
Husband of Hypermnestra, who spared his life, 166.

Lyn´cus.
King of Scythia;
changed into a lynx by Ceres, 196.

Ly´ra.
Orpheus’ lute;
placed in heavens as a constellation, 80.

Ma-cha´on.
Celebrated leech;
son of Æsculapius, 64;
Philoctetes healed by, 331.

Ma´ia.
Goddess of the plains;
mother of Mercury, 131;
significance, 399.

Ma´nes.
Tutelary divinities of Roman households, with the Lares and Penates, 203.

Mar-pes´sa.
Daughter of Evenus;
marries Idas, 155.

Mars.
Same as Ares;
son of Jupiter and Juno, 52;
god of war, 138-143;
Venus courted by, 106-108;
day of, 207;
descendants of, 377;
significance, 400.

Mar´sy-as.
1. Shepherd who enters into competition with Apollo, 73, 74.
2. Name of river, 74.

Mar´ti-us, Cam´pus.
Roman exercising grounds, 143.

Mat-ro-na´li-a.
Festivals in honor of Juno, in Rome, 54.

Me-de´a.
Daughter of Æetes, 268, 269;
wife of Jason, 271, 273, 274;
wife of Ægeus, 252, 253;
significance, 392.

Me´di-a.
Country in Asia Minor, where Medea took refuge, 253.

Med-i-ter-ra´ne-an.
Sea dividing world in two, 15.

Me-du´sa.
Gorgon slain by Perseus, whose hair was turned into snakes, 242-249;
Neptune marries, 154;
Pegasus, offspring of, 294;
significance, 391.

Me-gæ´ra.
One of the Furies, Eumenides, or Erinnyes, 163.

Meg´a-ra.
First wife of Hercules, whose three children he burns in his madness, 219;
significance, 390.

Me-le-a´ger.
Son of Œneus and Althæa;
leader of Calydonian Hunt, 275, 276;
significance, 392.

Me´li-an Nymphs.
Nymphs who nursed Jupiter in infancy, 21.

Mel-pom´e-ne.
One of the Muses;
presides over tragedy, 88.

Mem´phis.
Town in Egypt, founded by Epaphus, 136.

Men-e-la´us.
King of Sparta;
husband of Helen of Troy, 310-314;
Paris fights, 320;
return of, 335;
Telemachus visits, 357;
significance, 394.

[421] Men´e-ti-us.
One of the four sons of Iapetus and Clymene, 25.

Men´tor.
Name assumed by Minerva to act as a guide for Telemachus, 357, 358.

Mer-cu-ra´li-a.
Festivals in honor of Mercury, the messenger god, 137.

Mer´cu-ry.
Same as Hermes;
son of Jupiter and Maia, 131-137;
Pandora guided by, 29, 31;
Jupiter’s ally, 43;
Adonis guided by, 108;
Mars delivered by, 139;
Bacchus guarded by, 174;
Proserpina guided by, 195;
Lara loved by, 203;
day of, 207;
leader of dreams, 210;
Perseus helped by, 243;
Pan, son of, 300;
Protesilaus guided by, 317;
Priam led by, 329;
Ulysses aided by, 349, 354;
Æneas aided by, 369;
significance, 385, 386, 399, 400.

Mer´o-pe.
Daughter of Œnopion;
promised bride of Orion, 99.

Met-a-nei´ra.
Wife of Celeus, king of Eleusis;
mother of Triptolemus, 188.

Me´tis.
Daughter of Oceanus;
gives a potion to Cronus, 22.

Me´tus.
Attendant of Mars;
god of war and strife, 138.

Me-zen´ti-us.
Father of Lausus;
slain by Æneas, 376.

Mi´das.
King of Lydia, 74, 75;
changed all he touched to gold, 177-179.

Mi-la´ni-on.
Same as Hippomenes;
husband of Atalanta, 278.

Mi´lo.
Island where statue of Venus was found, 130.

Mi-ner´va.
Same as Athene, goddess of wisdom;
daughter of Jupiter, 55-60;
man given soul by, 27;
flute of, 73;
Vulcan wooes, 147;
contest of Neptune and, 152;
Medusa punished by, 242;
Perseus aided by, 243;
gift to, 249;
Argo built by, 266;
Bellerophon helped by, 292;
Juno and Venus dispute with, 306-308;
Ulysses aided by, 354-358;
significance, 395, 396.

Min-er-va´li-a.
Festivals in honor of Minerva, in Rome, 60.

Mi´nos.
1. King of Crete, 223;
father of Ariadne and Phædra, 253, 256.
2. Son of Jupiter and Europa;
judge in Hades, 45, 163.

Min´o-taur.
Monster which Minos kept in the Labyrinth, 253-257;
significance, 391, 401.

Mne-mos´y-ne.
A Titanide, 17, 22;
goddess of memory;
wife of Jupiter;
mother of the Muses, 88.

Mœ´ræ.
The Fates, or Parcæ, who spin, twist, and cut the thread of life, 165.

Mor´pheus.
Prime minister of Somnus, god of sleep, 208, 212.

Mors.
Same as Thanatos, god of death, 208-212, 213.


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