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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 291

441; Sharduris of routed by Tiglath-pileser IV, 446, 447, 450; alliance with Hittites against Sargon II, 460; as vassal state of Assyria, 461; Cimmerians and Scythians raid, 461, 464; Sennacherib's murderers escape to, 470; in Esarhaddon's reign, 472; Assyrian alliance with, 473, 486; Cyaxares king of, 493.
Uri (ür´i), early name of Akkad, 2.
Ur-Nina (ür-ni´nä), King of Lagash, 116; gods worshipped by, 116, 117; famous plague of, 117, 118.
Ur-Ninip (ür-nin´ip), King of Isin, 132; mysterious death of, 133.
Uruk (ür´uk). See Erech.
Urukagina (ür-u-kag´in-a), King of Lagash, first reformer in history, 121; taxes and temple fees reduced by, 122, 210, 211; fall of, 123, 124.
Urumush (ür´ü-müsh), Akkadian emperor, 127.
Utu (ü´tü), Sumerian name of sun god, 55.

V

Valentine, St., mating day of, 430.
Vărună, the Indian god, links with Ea-Oannes, 31, 34; sea fire of, 50, 51; Shamash the sun god and, 54; association of with rain, 55; Sumerian links with, 55, 56; worshippers of buried dead, 56; no human beings in Paradise of, 209; attire of deities in Paradise of, 212; the goat and, 333.
Vas´olt, Tyrolese storm demon, 74.
Vayu (vä´yu), Indian wind god, 35.
Vedas (vay´dăs), astronomy of the, 318.
Venus, the goddess, 17, 296; lovers of, 102.
Venus, the planet, Ishtar as, 296; female at sunset and male at sunrise, 299; in sun and moon group, 301; rays of as beard, 301; as the "Proclaimer", 314; connection of with moon, 314; in astrology, 318, 324.
Vestal virgins, 228, 229.
Vishnu (vish´noo), the Indian god, like Ea, 27; Ea like, 38; eagle giant as vehicle of, 75; Sri or Lakshmi wife of, 101; sleep of on world serpent, 150; eagle and, 169, 347.
"Vital spark", the, fire as, 49.
Voice, the pure, in Sumerian spell, 46.
Vulture, as deity of fertility, 429, 430; the Persian eagle legend and, 493; goddess of Egypt, 168; as protectors of Shakuntala, 423, 424.

W

Wales, pig as the devil in, 293.
Warad Sin, struggle of with Babylon, 217; the Biblical Arioch, 247, 248.
Warka. See Erech.
Water, control and distribution of in Babylonia, 23, 24; corn deities and, 33; essence of life in, 44, 45, 51.
Water gods and demons, 27 et seq.
Water of Life, Gilgamesh's quest of, 177 et seq.; in Alexander the Great myth, 186; in Koran legend, 186; in Gaelic legends, 186, 187; in Indian legends, 187, 210.
Waxen figures, in folk cures, 234.
Weapons in graves, 212.
Weaving, in Late Stone Age, 14.
Weeping ceremonies, the agricultural, 82 et seq.; the Egyptian god Rem, 29.
Wells, worship of, 44.
Westminster Abbey, Long Meg and, 156.
Wheel of Life, the, Ashur, 334 et seq.; Ezekiel's references to, 344 et seq.; in Babylonian, Indian, Persian, and Hittite mythologies, 346-348 ; in Indian mythology, 346, 347; the sun and the, 348; "dot within the circle" and egg thorn, 352; Ahura Mazda's, 355.
Wife of Merodach, 221; Amon's wife, 222.
Wild Huntsmen, the, Asiatic gods as, 35, 64.
"Will-o'-the-wisp", the Babylonian and European, 66, 67.
Winckler, Dr. Hugo, Semitic migrations, 10; on Mitannian origins, 268, 269; Boghaz-Köi tablets found by, 280, 367.
Wind, the south-west, demon of in Babylonia and Europe, 72, 73.
Wind gods, Vayu, Enlil, Rarnman, &c, as, 35.
Wind hags, Babylonia Shutu, Scottish Annie, English Annis, Irish Anu, 73; Icelandic Angerboda, 73; Tyrolese "wind brewers", 74; Artemis as one of the, 104.
Winds, the seven, as servants of Merodach, 145.
Wine seller who became queen, 114, 115; the female, 229.
Wolf, Nergal-Mars as the, 303.
Women, as rulers in Egypt and Babylonia, 16, 17; treatment of in early times, 15; Nomads oppressors of, 16; exalted by Mediterranean peoples, 16; Sumerian laws regarding, 16, 17; the Sumerian language of, 17; in goddess worship, 106-108 ; social status of, 108; position of in Hammurabi Code, 224 ei seq.; the marriage market, 224, 225; drink traffic monopolized by, 229.
World hill, in Babylonian, Indian, and Egyptian mythologies, 332.

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