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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 289

Tammuz, Osiris and, xxxi, 81; variations of myths of, xxxii; blood of in river, 47, 48; as the shepherd and spring sun, 53; spends winter in Hades, 53; links with Mithra, 55, 94; son of Ea, 82; Belit-sheri, sister of, 98; Ishtar, mother and lover of, 101; worship of among Hebrews, 82, 106, 107; as "the man of sorrows", 88; "the true and faithful son", 93; as the patriarch, 82; Sargon of Akkad myth and, 91; links with Adonis, Attis, Diarmid, and pre-Hellenic deities, 83, 84; blood of in river, 85; kid and sucking pig of, 85; as "steer of heaven", 85; Nin-shach, boar god, as slayer of, 86; Ishtar laments for, 86; month of wailings for, 87-89 ; why Ishtar deserted, 99, 103; as the love god, 87; dies with vegetation, &c., 87, 88; sacred cedar of, 88; in gloomy Hades, 89; return of like Frode (Frey), 95; as the slumbering corn child, 89, 90, 91; Teutonic Scyld or Sceaf and, 92, 93; Frey, Hermod, and Heimdal like, 93; as world guardian and demon-slayer like Heimdal and Agni, 94; as the healer like Khonsu, 94; Ishtar visits Hades for, 96, 97, 98; refusal to leave Hades, 98; like Kingu in Tiamat myth, 106; Nin-Girsu, or En-Mersi, of Lagash a form of, 116, 120; Nina and Belitsheri and, 117; Sargon myth like Indian Karnastory, 126, 437; Zamama, Merodach, Ninip and, 53, 126, 158, 241, 302, 305; as elder god, 159; Etana and Gilgamesh and, 164; as patriarch and sleeper, 164; eagle of, 120, 168; Nimrod myth, 170; John Barleycorn and, 170; Gilgamesh and, 171, 172, 210; in Gilgamesh epic, 176; Nebo and, 303, 435; Adonis slain by boar god of war, 304; planetary deities and, 301, 304; forms of like Horus, 305; astral links with Merodach and Attis, 305; Ashur and, 337, 340, 348; identified with Nusku, &c., 354; as Anshar, En Mersi, and Nin-Girsu, 333; doves and, 428 n[480].
Tanutamon (tä-nut´ämon), Ethiopian king, Assyrians expelled from Memphis by, 482, 483; defeat of, 483.
Tarku (tär´kü), Asia Minor thunder god, 35, 57, 261, 395.
Tarsus, Hittite city of, 395.
Tashmit (täsh´mit), spouse of Nebo, 436; creatrix and, 437.
Taylor, J.E., xx.
Tears, agricultural weeping ceremonies, 82 et seq.
Tears of deities, the fertilizing, 29; the creative, 45, 46.
Tefnut (tef´nut), the Egyptian goddess, created from saliva, 46.
Tell-el-Amarna letters, historical evidence from, 280 et seq.; Assyrian king's letter, 284, 285.
Tello (tello´), Lagash site, 120; archaic forms of gods, 135; mound of, Lagash site, 243.
Temples, the houses of gods, 60.
Teshub or Teshup (tesh´ub), thunder god of Armenia, 261; as a Mitannian god, 269; in Tell-el-Amarna letters, 282, 395.
Teutonic sea-fire belief, 51.
Thebes, sack of by Assyrians, 483.
Theodoric (toyd´rik or thē-od´o-rik), the Goth, myths of, 164.
Thomas the Rhymer, as a "sleeper", 164.
Thompson, R. Campbell, 34, 39, 72, 76, 234, 235, 238, 239.
Thor, Ramman and Dadu or Hadad as, 57; Dietrich as, 74, 164; the hammer of, 238; deities that link with, 261; the goat and, 333, 334; Ashur, Tammuz, and Indra and, 340.
Thorkill (thōr´kill), the Germanic, Gilgamesh and, 185.
Thoth (thōth or tā-hoo´tee), the Egyptian god, as chief of Ennead, 36; curative saliva of, 46; Sumerian moon god like, 301.
Thothmes III (thōth´mes), of Egypt, wars against Mitanni, 275; correspondence of with Assyrian king, 276, 279.
Thunder god, Ramman, Hadad or Dadu, and Enlil as, 35, 57; Indra as, 35; Dietrich as Thor, 74; in Babylonian Zu and Indian Garuda myths, 74, 75, 169; in demon war, 76; Merodach as, 144; Hercules as, 171; horn and hammer of, 238; the Hittite, 260; the Amorite, Mitannian, Kassite, and Aryan, 261; Ptah of Egypt a, 263, 264.
Thunder goddess, the Egyptian Neith a, 337 n.
Thunderstone, weapon of Merodach and Ramman, 144, 159, 160.
Tiamat (ti´a-mat), like Egyptian Nut, 37; in group of early deities, 64; the "brood" of, 64, 65; as Great Mother, 106; in Creation legend, 138; plots with Apsu and Mummu, 139; as Avenger of Apsu, 140; exalts Kingu, 141; Anu and Ea fears, 142; Merodach goes against, 144; slaying of, 146; Merodach divides "Ku-pu" of, 147; the dragon's heart, 147 n.; body of forms sky and earth,

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