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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 288

Sumerian goddesses, racial origin of, 105.
Sumerians, characteristics of, 2; Akkadians adopted culture of, 2, 3; unlike the Chinese, 3; Mongolian affinities of doubtful, 3; language of agglutinative like those of Chinese, Turks, Magyars, Finns, and Basques, 3; Ural-Altaic racial theory, 4; shaving customs of, 5; of Mediterranean or Brown Race, 7; congeners of prehistoric Europeans, 9; Arabs and Egyptians and, 9, 10; conquered by Akkadians, 12; survival of culture and language of, 13; in early Copper Age, 12, 13; pious records of kings of, 112; how history of is being restored, 113; the earliest dates, 114; end of political power of, 217; as early astronomers, 300.
Sumu-abum (su´mu-a´bum), early Amoritic king, 241.
Sumu-la-ilu (su-mu´la-i´lu), early King of Hammurabi Age, 241; capture of Kish by, 241, 242; Assyrian king claims descent from, 419.
Sun, origin of in sea fire, 50, 51; seasonal worship of, 53, 240; Mitra and Varuna as regulators of, 54; as "boat of the sky", 56; as a planet, 301; as bridegroom, 306, 306 n.; in astrology, 318; the "man in" the, 335, 336.
Sun, god of, Ninip, Nirig, and Nergal as, 53, 54, 303; Babbar as, 54; as Judge of living and dead, 54; as seer of secret sin, 54, 55; links between Shamash, Mitra, and Varuna, 54, 55: Ninip and Nin-Girsu, and Babbar and Shamash, 132; Tammuz as, 158; forms of, 297, 298; Horus as the, 300; as offspring and spouse of moon, 301; Orion as a manifestation of, 305; animals identified with, 329, 330; symbols of, 335, 336.
Sundial, a Babylonian invention, 323; of Ahaz, 323.
Sun god, Shamash as, 40; centres of, 40. See Shamash.
Sun goddess, the Babylonian and Hittite, 57.
Surpanakha (sür-pă´năk-hä]), the Indian demon, like Lilith, 67.
Susa, prehistoric pottery of, 5; capital of Elam, 111; Hammurabi Code discovered at, 222; burning of Persian palace at, 497.
Sutarna II (sü-tär´nä), King of Mitanni, 283; deposed by rival, 284.
Sutekh (süt´ekh), as tribal god, 156; as dragon slayer, 157; Hittite thunder and fertility god and, 261.
Suti (sü´ti), the, Aramaean robbers, 285, 359, 360; settled in Asia Minor, 461.
Svip´dag, Gilgamesh and, 184, 185.
Swan, Irish love god as, 428 n.; love messenger in India, 429.
Swan maidens, as lovers, 68.
Swine, offerings of to sea god, 33; demons enter, 71; sacrificed to Tammuz, 85; associated with Osiris, 85; Gaelic Hag's herd of, 87; sacrifice of to cure disease, 236; Ninip as boar god, 302.
Symbolism, forehead symbol of Apis bull and Sumerian goat, 334; "high heads": Anshar, Anu, Enlil, Ea, Merodach, Nergal, and Shamash, 334; symbols of "high heads", 334; the "world spine" and "world tree", 334; the "water sun" of Shamash, 334; Ashur's winged disks or "wheels", 334 et seq.; "man in the sun" in Assyria, Egypt, and India, 335, 336; Blake's "double vision", 336; the arrow symbol, 337; "shuttle" of Neith a thunderbolt, 337 n.; Assyria the cedar, 340, 341; Isaiah and Ezekiel use Babylonian and Assyrian, 341; the eagle, 343, 344; Ezekiel's wheels and four-faced cherubs, 344 et seq.; wheels or disks of Hittites, Indians, &c., 347, 348; the double axe, 348; the Ashur arrow, 351, 352; the "dot within the circle" and egg thorn, 352.
Syria, broad heads in, 8; early races in, 11; supposed invasion of by Lugal-zaggisi, 125; Sargon of Akkad's empire in, 127; hill god of, 136; sheepskin burials in, 213; culture of higher than Egypt at end of Hyksos Age, 275.

T

Tabal (ta-bäl´), Hittite Cilician kingdom of, 395; Shalmaneser III subdues king of, 414; Sargon II conquers, 460, 461; Biblical reference to, 464; tribute from to Ashur-bani-pal, 483.
Tablets of Destiny, the, Zu bird steals, 74; Tiamat gives to Kingu in Creation legend, 141, 145; Merodach takes from Kingu, 146; Ninip receives, 158.
Taharka (tä-har´ka), King of Egypt, in anti-Assyrian revolt, 465; intrigues against Esarhaddon, 471; Esarhaddon's invasion of Egypt, 475; flight of, 475, 476; death of, 482.

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