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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 286

Shalmaneser I (shäl-män-e´-ser), of Assyria, a great conqueror, 363; western and northern expansion, 366; Kalkhi capital of, 367.
Shalmaneser III, referred to in Bible, 401; attacks on Aramaeans and Hittites, 407; Ahab of Israel fights against, 407; authority of in Babylonia, 408, 409; defeat of Hazael of Damascus, 411; tribute from Jehu of Israel, 411, 412; conquests of, 414; revolt of son against, 414; death of, 415; Babylonian culture, 422; library of at Kalkhi, 422.
Shalmaneser IV, of Assyria, reign of, 439; Urartu wars of, 442.
Shalmaneser V, imprisons Hoshea of Israel, 454, 455.
Shamash (shäm´ash), Semitic name of sun god, 40; Babbar Sumerian name of, 54, 240; Mitra and Varuna and, 54; as god of destiny, 55; Mithra and, 55, 56; sun as "boat of the sky", 56, 57; consort and attendants of, 57, 100; local importance of, 58; in eagle and serpent myths, 75, 76; in demon war, 76; development of, 132; in Gilgamesh legend, 172 et seq.; as an abstract deity, 240, 241; oracle of pleads for Merodach, 272; month of, 305; as the "high head", 334; "water sun" of, 334; the wheel symbol of, 347; Aramaeans destroy temple of, 445; worshipped by Esarhaddon, 471; oracle of and Ashur-bani-pal, 481; Nabonidus and, 492.
Shamash-shum-ukin (sham´ash-shum-ü´kin), King of Babylon, 471, 476, 480; restoration of Merodach, 480, 481; revolt of against Ashur-bani-pal, 484; burns himself in palace, 485.
Shamshi-Adad VII (sham´shi-ad´ad), King of Assyria, 414; civil war, 415; conquests of, 415, 416; culture in reign of, 423; rise of Urartu, 440.
Shär, the god. See Anshar.
Shär Apsi, "King of the Deep", Ea as, 28, 29.
"Shar Kishsháte", "King of the World", Assyrian title, 363, 370.
Sharduris III (shar´dü-ris), of Urartu, routed by Tiglath-pileser IV, 446, 447.
Shaving customs, significance of, 4; of Arabians and Libyans, &c., 9; why Sumerian gods were bearded, 135-137 .
Shedu (shā´du), the destroying bull, 65; as household fairy, 77.
Sheep, skin of in graves, 213.
Shepherd, the divine, Tammuz as, 53.
Sheshonk (shish´ak), Pharaoh of Egypt, alliance with Solomon, 388; Hebrews spoiled by, 391, 402.
Shinar, the Biblical, 111, 247; Amraphel (Hammurabi) of, 131.
Shishak. See Sheshonk.
Shivă, the Indian god, Bel Enlil like, 38; the Sumerian Ninip like, 53; Osiris and Ra like, 63; in "dying Indra" myth, 101.
Shony (shon´ee), sea god of Scottish Hebrides, 33.
Shü, the Egyptian god, created from saliva, 46,
Shubari (shu-bä´ri) tribes, 284.
Shurippak´ or Shurruppak´, city of, in flood legend, 190, 191, 243.
Shushan. See Susa.
Siberia, elves of, 105; "calling back" of ghosts in, 69, 70.
Sidon, conspiracy against Nebuchadrezzar II, 491; tribute of to Adadnirari IV, 439; Tyre and, 388, 392; Israel an ally of, 406; in league against Esarhaddon, 472; destruction of, 473.
Siegfried (seeg´freed), "birds of Fate" sang to, 65; the "Regin" dragon, 156, 164.
Signs of the Zodiac. See Zodiac.
Sigurd (see´goord), link with Merodach as dragon slayer, 147 n.; the "Fafner" dragon, 156, 164.
Sin, desert of, called after moon god, 52.
Sin, the moon god, 51, 52; consort and children of, 53; Shamash, Mitra, and Varuna chastise, 54, 55; in demon war, 76, 77; as father of Isis, 100; as form of Merodach, 160; month of, 305; Ashur worshipped with, 353; Nabonidus as worshipper of, 494. See Moon and Nannar.
Sinai, mountains of, called after moon god, 52.
Sin-iksha (sin-ik´sha). King of Isin, 133.
Sin-magir (sin-mä´gir), King of Isin, 133.
Sin-muballit (sin-mü-bäl´lit), King, father of Hammurabi, 132, 242; struggle of with Elamites, 243.
Sin-shar-ish´kun, last King of Assyria, 487.
Sippar (sip´par), sun god chief deity of, 40; a famous priestly teacher of, 42; goddess of assists Merodach to create mankind, 148; rise of sun cult of, 240; first Amoritic king of, 241; Esarhaddon plunders, 472.
Sirius, the star, Teutonic giant as, 295; goddess Isis as, 296.
Skull forms, language and, 3; of Mongolian, Ural-Altaic, and Mediterranean peoples, 3, 4; Kurdish and Armenian treatment, 4, 5; of early Egyptians and Sumerians, 7 et seq.; Palaeolithic still survive, 8; persistence of, 8; broad heads in Western Asia, Egypt, and India, 8, 9; the Semitic, 10.
Sky, conception of "Self Power" of, 292; god of, 31; goddesses of, 36, 37.
Sleeper, the divine, Angus, the Irish, and Tammuz, 90.

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