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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 282

Osiris-Sokar, Merodach like, 299.
Owl, as ghost of sorrowful mother, 65; Arabian belief regarding, 70; reference to in Isaiah., 114.
Ox, the wild, in eagle and serpent myth, 75. 76.

P

Palaeolithic Age, skull forms of in France, 8; Palestine in, 10.
Palestine, early races in, 10; Palaeolithic finds in, 10; cave dwellers of, 10, 11; in empire of Naram Sin, 129; Abraham's wanderings in, 245; tribes he found in, 245, 246; Elamites in, 247, 248, 249; Necho's campaigns in, 489.
Pan, Ea-bani and, 135; the pipes of, 238.
Pantheon, the National, during Isin Dynasty, 132.
Pap-sukal (pap-sü´kal), messenger of gods, rescues Ishtar from Hades, 97.
Paradise, childless ghosts excluded from, 71; the Indian, Germanic, and Egyptian, 209; Babylonian beliefs, 210. See Hades.
Patesi (pa´te-si), priest king, 1.
Patriarch, the, Apuatu as, xxxii; Sargon of Akkad as, xxxiii, 91; Yama as, xxxii, 56, 200; Osiris and Tammuz as, xxxii, 82, 86, 90, 297; Scyld or Sceaf as, 92; Yngve, Frey, Hermod, and Heimdal as, 93; the mythical "sleepers" and, 164; Nimrod as, 170, 277, 354; Gilgamesh as, xxxii, 200; Mitra as, 201; the Biblical Asshur, 276, 327, 354; King Ninus of Nineveh and, 424, 425; the Persian and Cyrus, 493.
Paul, Mars' hill sermon of, 59, 60.
Pekah, King of Israel, 450, 451; Assyrian king overthrows, 453.
Pelasgians, the, Sumerian kinship with, 9; Achaeans and, 393.
Pennsylvania, University of, expedition of, xxiv.
Penrith, "Long Meg's" stone circle near, 156.
Persephone (per-sef´on-ē), the Babylonian, 53; as lover of Adonis, 90.
Perseus, legend of, 152; the Babylonian, 159, 164.
Persia, fire worship in, 50; Yama of India and Gilgamesh, and Yima of, 200, 201; the mythical Ages of, 202; eagle symbol of great god of, 347, 493; Ashur cult and, 355; Britain and Russia in, 357; Cyrus King of, 493; religion of and Babylonian influence, 496.
Persian Gulf, early Sumerians traded on, 2; Eridu once a port on, 22.
Petrie, Professor Flinders, dating of, xxv, 212; alien pottery in Egypt found by, 263; on Egypt's culture debt to Syria, 275.
Pharaoh, "Piru" theory, 458, 458 n[526].
Philistines, the, their god Dagon, 32, 33; "way of" an ancient trade route, 357; invasion of Palestine by, 379; as overlords of Hebrews, 379, 380; Hittites and, 386; civilization of, 387, 403, 405; as vassals of Damascus, 414; tribute from to Assyria, 439.
Phoenicians, Baau, mother goddess of, 150; traditional racial cradle of, 244; appearance of on Mediterranean coast, 245; Melkarth, god of, 346; as allies of Hebrews, 388.
Phrygia, thunder god of, 261; Cybele and Attis of, 267; Muski and, 395; King Midas of, 460; Cimmerians overrun, 472; Lydia absorbs, 494.
Picts, why they painted themselves, 212.
Pig, demon in, 71; sacrificed to Tammuz, 85; associated with Osiris, 85; sacrifice of to cure disease, 236; totemic significance of, 293; as the devil in Egypt and Britain, 293; Ninip as boar god, 302.
Pigeons. See Doves.
Pillar worship, "world tree" and "world spine", 334.
Pinches, Professor, on Ea, Ya or Jah, and Dagan, 31; on Babylonian "Will-o'-the-wisp", 66; on Babylonian boar god, 86; on flocks of Tammuz, 93; on Creation hymn, 149, 150; on Babylonian monotheism, 160; on names of Hammurabi, Tidal, &c, 248; on Merodach as Nimrod, 277; on Nebo and Ramman, 303; on Ashur worship, 352, 353; on Nusku and Tammuz, 353, 354; on Ashur, Merodach, and Osiris, 354; on the sacred doves, 427.
Pir-na-pish´tim, the Babylonian Noah, 27; sun god and, 55; Gilgamesh's journey to island of, 177, 178, 180; revelation of, 181, 182; the flood legend of, 190 et seq.; the Indian Yama and, 200; the Persian Yima and, 201.
Planets, deities identified with, 296; Merodach as Jupiter and Mercury, 299; Venus female at sunset and male at sunrise, 299; when gods were first associated with, 300; Horus identified with three, 300; the seven included sun and moon, 301; Jupiter as "bull of light", 301; the "bearded Aphrodite" and Ishtar, 301; Ninip (Nirig) and Horus as Saturn, 302; Nebo and Merodach as Mercury, 303; Nergal and Horus as Mars, 303, 304; in doctrine of mythical Ages, 313 et seq.; the Babylonian and Greek, 316; in astrology, 318.

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