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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 278

Mama (mä´mä), the mother goddess, 57, 267; as Creatrix, 100.
Man, creation of, 38; Ea desired, 148; Merodach sheds blood for, 148; Berosus legend, 148, 149, 150.
Man bull, the winged, 65.
Manasseh, King of Judah, idolatries of, 473; legend of Isaiah's end, 474; captivity of, 474; Ashur-bani-pal and, 486.
Manishtusu (män-ish-tü´sü), successor of Sargon I, empire of, 127.
Mannai (män´nai), state of, 473, 486.
Manu (măn´oo), the Indian patriarch, like Babylonian Noah, 27; the fish and flood myth, 27, 28, 196.
Mara (mä´ra), the European demon of nightmare, 69.
Marduk (mär´duk). See Merodach.
Marduk-balatsu-ikbi (mar´duk-bal´atsü-ik-bi), King of Babylonia, defeat of by Shamshi-Adad VII, 415, 416.
Marduk-bel-usate (mar´duk-bel-ü-sä´te), revolt of in Babylonia, 408, 409.
Marduk-zakir-shum (mar´duk-zä-kir´shüm), King of Babylonia, 408; a vassal of Assyria, 409.
Mari (mä´ri), king of Damascus, as the Biblical Ben Hadad III, 438, 439.
Marriage contracts, in Hammurabi code, 225 et seq.
Marriage market of Babylon, the, 224, 225.
Marriage of deities, the Hittite, 268.
Mars, Horus as, 300, 304; month of, 305; as "bronze fish stone", 314; the Gaulish mule god as, 316; in astrology, 318.
Mars, Nergal, wolf planet of pestilence, as, 301, 303, 316.
Mars, the planet, boar slayer of Adonis as, 87; in sun and moon group, 301.
Maruts (măr´oots), the Indian, like Anu's demons, 34, 64.
Mashi (mä´shi), the mountain of, in Gilgamesh epic, 177, 178.
Maspero, Professor, on antiquity of Hittites, 264; on Assyrian colonists, 456.
"Masters, the", Buriat earth and air spirits, 105.
Mati-ilu (ma´ti-i´lü), of Agusi, relations of with Assyria and Urartu, 443, 446, 447; overthrow of by Tiglath-pileser IV.
Mattiuza (mat-ti-ü´za), King of Mitanni, flight of, 283; as Hittite vassal, 284.
May Day, fire ceremonies of, 50.
Mead, of the gods, 45; blood as, 48; eagle steals, 74.
Measurer, the, moon as, 52.
Medes, III; in Hammurabi Age, 244; Sargon II and, 460; Ashur-bani-pal and, 486; and fall of Nineveh, 488; Scythians and, 472, 488; alliance of with Lydia, 494; Cyrus as King of, 493.
Mediterranean Race, the, Basques a variation of, 3; Sumerians and proto-Egyptians of, 7, 8; Cretans of, 8; Ripley traces in Asia, 8, 9, 11; in Africa and Europe, 9; "cradle" of, 39; Tammuz-Adonis myth and, 85; mother worship and status of women in, 104, 105, 108, 420 et seq.; in Hittite confederacy, 266; the Biblical Cushites and Hamites and, 276.
Medusa, Tiamat and, 159.
Meg, Long. See Long Meg.
Melkarth (mel´kärth), children sacrificed to, 171; Hercules and, 348; burning of, 349.
Memphis (mem´phis), Assyrians fight Ethiopians at, 475, 483.
Men, in worship of mother goddess, 107, 108.
Menahem (men´ä-hem), King of Israel, pays tribute to Assyria, 449.
Meneptah (men-ē´tä or men´e-tä), King of Egypt, relations of with Hittites, 378; sea raiders defeated by, 378, 379.
Menuas (men´ü-äs), King of Urartu, 440; conquests of, 441.
Mercury, the planet; in sun and moon group, 301; Nebo as, 301, 302; month of, 305; the "face voice of light", 314; "lapis lazuli" star, 314; the Gaulish boar god as, 316, 317; in astrology, 318.
Mermaids, the Babylonian, 34.
Mermer (mer´mer), a name of Nebo and Ramman, 303.
Merodach (mer´ō-dach), the god: creation of mankind, xxix, 148; Damkina and, 34; Enlil as older Bel than, 35; Ea and, 38; water of life belief, 44; Nusku as messenger of, 50; in demon war, 77; brothers and sister of, 82; Zamama of Kish and, 126; rise of, 134; Anshar's appeal to in Creation legend, 142; the avenger, 143; proclaimed king of the gods, 144; weapons and steeds of, 145; Tiamat slain, and brood of captured by, 146; eats "Ku-pu" of Tiamat, 147, 147 n., 153; forms earth and sky, 147, 328; creates stars of Zodiac, 147; lunar and solar decrees of, 148; other deities and, 34, 35, 38, 149, 158, 159, 298, 299, 303, 316, 336, 337, 348, 354, 420; hymn to, 149, 150, 161; as Tammuz, 158; Osiris and, 159, 298, 354; Perseus and, 159; Nimrod and, 167, 277, 343; temple of, 221; Hammurabi Age kings and, 241-242 , 252; Hittites carry off image of, 261, 262, 269, 272; Kassites and, 272, 274, 372; complex character of, 298, 299; stars of, 296, 299, 300, 305; Jupiter form of as sun ghost, 305; Nebo and, 303, 435; month of, 305; goddesses and, 221, 299, 316, 420; world hill and, 332; as "high head", 334; Ashur and, 336, 337, 348, 354; image at Asshur, 468, 469; restoration of, 481, 482; ceremony of "taking hands" of, 480, 481; Cyrus and, 493, 495; Ahura Mazda and, 496; Darius I and, 497; Xerxes pillages temple of, 497; Alexander the Great and, 497; late worship of, 498.

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