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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 272

210; Ashur and, 336; Persian eagle and, 493.
Gillies, Dr. Cameron, on Scottish folk cures, 232, 233.
Gira (gi´ra), the god, 42.
Girru (gir´rü), the fire god, 49.
Gish Bär, the fire god, 49.
Goat, inspiration from blood of, 48; demons enter the, 71; on Lagash vase, 120; the six-headed, 332; the satyr or astral goat man, 333; the white kid of Tammuz, 85, 333; the Arabic "kid" star, 333; associated with Anshar, Agni, Varuna, Ea, and Thor, 329, 333, 334; forehead symbol of like Apis symbol, 334; Minerva's shield has skin of, 337.
Goblin, the Babylonian, 66.
God, the Dead, grave of Osiris, 296; also alive and in various forms, 297.
God cult, fusion of with goddess cult, 105.
Goddesses, at once mothers, wives, and daughters of gods, 99, 101, 436; husbands of die annually, 101 et seq.; lovers of various, 102; of Mediterranean racial tribes, 105; Ishtar as "La Belle Dame Sans Merci", 174-176; the Semiramis legend, 417 et seq.
Gods, Babylonian and Egyptian groups, 36, 37; the younger and elder, 149; why Sumerian were bearded, 135-137 .
Goodspeed, Professor, on early astronomy, 321, 322.
Gorgons, the, Tiamat and, 159.
Graves, charms and weapons in, 206; as houses of dead, 206, 208; of gods and giants, 296.
Great Mother, the, forms of, 36; Hittite and Sumerian forms, 267; Anaitis, Ate, Cybele, Ishtar, Isis, Astarte, Ashtoreth, and Atargatis, 267; Kadesh, Anthat, and Danu, 268.
Greece, spitting customs in, 46, 47; blood drinking in, 48; wanton goddesses of, 104; imported gods in, 105; dragon myths of, 151, 152; eagle connected with birth and death in, 168; flood legend of, 195, 196; "Island of Blessed", 203; star myths of, 300; Babylonian culture reached through Hittites, 306; doctrine of world's ages, 310 et seq.; pre-Hellenic beliefs in, 84, 104, 317; astrology in, 318 et seq.; astronomy in, 316, 319 et seq.; in pre-Phrygian period, 386; fusion of races in, 393.
Greeks of Cilicia, Ashur-bani-pal and, 484. See Ionians.
Green, a supernatural colour, 186.
"Grey Eyebrows", a Gaelic hag, 87; myth of, 101.
Gudea (gü´de-a), King of Lagash, sculptures, buildings, and trade of, xxiii, 129, 130; bearded gods of, 136.
Gula (goo´lä), mother goddess, 100; Bau and, 116; feast of, 476.
Gungunu (gün´gün-ü), King of Ur, 132.
Guns, called after giants "Long Meg" nd "Long Tom", 156.
Gutium (gü´tium), northern mountaineers, 128, 129, 264; demons and, 307.
Gyges (gȳ´jes), King of Lydia, emissaries of visit Nineveh, 483, 486.

H

Hadad, Ramman as, 57, 261, 411.
Haddon, Dr., Achaean racial affinities, 377.
Hades, Ishtar receives water of life in, 44; Tammuz spends winter in, 53, 98; Indian "land of fathers", 56; land of no return, 58; descent of Ishtar to, 95 et seq.; "Island of the Blessed", 180 et seq.; Babylonian conception of, 203; the Celtic, 203; the Greek, Germanic, Indian, and Egyptian, 204; the grave as, 206; the Japanese, 206; the Roman, 207; Babylonian king and queen of. See Nergal and Eresh-ki-gal.
Hags, of storm, marsh and mountain as primitive goddesses: the Scottish, 64, 87; the Babylonian, 68, 71, 72, 73, 185; the Germanic, 72, 73, 95. See Annie, Annis, Beowulf, Mothers, and Tiamat.
Hair, evidence from early graves and sculptures, 4, 9, 10.
Hamath, Hittite city of, 395; Israel overcomes, 449; Ilu-bi-di, the smith king of, 457, 458.
Hamites, Biblical reference to, 276.
Hammurabi (häm´mü-rä´bi), Dagan as creator of, 31; Sin-muballit father of, 133; pantheon of, 134, 254; the Biblical Amraphel, 131, 246, 247; "Khammurabi" and "Ammurapi" forms of, 247, 248; Rim Sin, the Elamite, and, 249; character of, 249-255 ; god Nebo ignored by, 303; legal code of, 2, 222, 223 et seq.
Hammurabi Dynasty, the, Amorites and, 217, 218; early Amorite kings of Sippar, 241, 242; schools and correspondence during, 252; Kassites first appear during, 255; Sealand Dynasty in, 257; late kings of, 257, 258; Hittite raid at close of, 258-260 ; Assyria during, 279, 419; astronomy in, 300.
Hanuman (hăn´u-män), the Indian monkey god, Bhima and, 187; like Gilgamesh, 188, 189.

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