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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 271

Fates, the birds as, 65, 147 n., 427 n., 430; as servants of Anu, 77; moon as chief of the, 301; oldest deities as, 317; on St. Valentine's Day, 430; Aphrodite and Ishtar as, 433.
Father, the Great, Anu as, 38; Ramman-Hadad as, 57; Apsu, the chaos demon as, 64; Osiris as, 99; shadowy spouse of, 100; nomadic people and, 105; worshipped by Hatti, xxx, 268, 420.
Father and son conflict; younger god displaces elder, Ninip and Enlil, Merodach and Ea, Indra and Dyaus myths, 158; Osiris and Horus, 159; in astral myths, 302, 303, 304, 305, 348.
Feast of Dead, 206.
Fig tree, in Babylonia, 25.
Finger counting, in Babylonia and India, 311 et seq.
Finn-mac-Coul (finn´mac-cool), as hero and god, 87, 87 n., 88 n.; as mother monster slayer, 153, 154; Beowulf and, 155; as a "sleeper", 164, 394; water of life myth, 186, 187.
Finns, language of and the Sumerians, 3; of Ural-Altaic stock, 4.
Fire, as vital principle, 50, 51; fire and water ceremonies, 50, 51; the everlasting fire in the sea, 50, 51; the Babylonian "Will-o'-the-wisp", 66; Eagle and, 169; the May Day, 348; ceremony of riddance, 349; Babylonian burnings, 348; Nimrod's pyre, 349, 350; Tophet, 350; royal burnings in Israel and Judah, 350, 351.
Fire drake, the Babylonian, 66, 151.
Fire gods, the Babylonian and Indian, 49.
First born, sacrifice of, 50.
Fish deities, Sumerian Ea and Indian Brahma and Vishnu as, 27, 28; in Eur-Asian legends, 28; Sumerian and Egyptian, 29; connection of with corn, 29, 32; goddess of Lagash, 117; Western Asian fish goddesses, 277, 418, 423, 426; dove symbol of, 431, 432; Totemism and, 294.
Flies, gods turn to, 41.
Flood legend, the Babylonian, 24, 55, 190 et seq.; the Greek, 195; the Indian, xxvi, 196; the Irish, 196; the Egyptian, 197; the American, 197, 198; the Biblical, 198, 199.
Folk cures, the ancient, 61, 231, 232-234 .
Folk lore, mythology and, xxv, xxxiv, 42, 151 et seq., 189; ethnology in, xxvi.
Food of death, 44.
Food of the gods, 44.
Food supply, religion and the, 42, 43.
"Foreign devils", the Babylonian and Indian, 67.
Four quarters, the, in astronomy, 307; lunar divisions, 323.
Fowl, inspiration from blood of, 48.
France, skull forms in Dordogne valley, 8; Syrian railways of, 357.
Frazer, Professor, xxv; "homogeneity of beliefs", xxvi; Adonis garden, 171, 172; Hercules and Melkarth, 348; on Semiramis legend, 424, 425.
Frey (fri), the Germanic patriarch and corn god, 33, 93, 94; links with Tammuz myth, 95, 116, 204.
Freyja (frī´ya), the Germanic eternal goddess, 102; lovers of, 102.
Frigg, Germanic goddess, lovers of, 103.
Frode (frō´dē). See Frey.

G

Gabriel, Abraham rescued from Nimrod's pyre by, 349, 350.
Gaga (gä´ga), messenger of Anshar, 143.
Gallu (gäl´lü), as "foreign devil", 65-67 .
Gandash (gän´dash), Kassite king, 271.
Ganga (găng´ä), the Indian goddess, as king's lover, 68.
"Garden of Adonis", 171, 172.
Gardens, the Hanging, of Babylon, 220.
Garstang, Professor, on fall of Hatti and god cult, 268; on Totemic Adonis boar, 293, 294; Hittite Sandan disk, 348.
Garuda (găr-ood´ă), Indian eagle god, Zu bird and, xxvi; myth of, 74, 75; Etana eagle and, 165; sons of, 166; identified with Agni, Brahma, Indra, Yama, &c, 168, 169; wheel of life and, 346, 347.
Gauls, Hittite raiders like the, 261; gods of and the Babylonian, 316, 317.
Germ theory, anticipatedby Babylonians, 61, 234.
Germany, double-headed eagle of, 168; the Baghdad railway, 357.
Gezer cave dwellings, 10; cremation practised in, 11.
Ghosts, "wind gusts" as, 48, 49; associated with demons, 60, 215, 216; as birds, 65; as death bringers, 69, 295; the terrible mothers, 69; where dreaded and where invoked, 69, 70; Babylonian "night prowlers", 70; food required by, 70, 212, 213; Ishtar's threat to raise, 215; King of Cuthah and, 215, 216; as "Fates" and enemies of the living, 295; worship of, 295; Orion and Jupiter as, 305.
Giants, the British Alban, 42; the Babylonian, 71; graves of, 296.
Gibil (gi´bil), fire god, Nusku and, 353.
Gilgamesh (gil´gä-mesh), the Babylonian Hercules, 41; revelation of ghost to, 48, 49, 183, 184; quest of, 164; birth legend of, 171; eagle rescues, 171; lord of Erech, 172; coming of Ea-bani, 173; Ishtar's fatal love of, 174; "La Belle Dame Sans Merci", 174, 175; Ishtar spurned by, 99, 176; Ishtar's bull slain, 176; death of Ea-bani, 176; quest of Water of Life and Plant of Life, 177; the mountain tunnel and Sea of Death, 178; song of the Sea Lady, 178, 179; reaches Pir-napishtim's island, 180; ancestor's revelation to and magic food, 182; plant of life, 183; Earth Lion robs, 183; Germanic gods and heroes and, 184, 185; flood legend revealed to, 190 et seq.; Tammuz and,

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