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Myths of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 262

Arad Ea (är-ad-e´ä), "ferryman" of Hades water, 34; Gilgamesh crosses sea of death with, 180 et seq.
Aramaeans, migrations of, 359; called "Suti", "Achlame", "Arimi", "Khabiri", and "Syrians", 360; Assyria and the, 367; as allies of Hittites, 377, 378; state of Damascus founded by, 390; Ashur-natsir-pal III and, 398, 399; "mother worship" and, 434; as opponents of sun worship, 445; settled in Asia Minor, 461.
Archer, the Astral, Ashur, Gilgamesh, and Hercules as, 336, 337; robed with feathers, 344; Ashur and Sandan as, 352.
Ardat Lili (ar´dat li-li), a demon lover, 68.
Ardys, King of Lydia, Assyria helps, 486.
Ares, Greek war god, as boar slayer of Adonis, 87, 304.
Argistis I (ar´gist-is), King of Urartu, campaigns of, 441, 442, or, Argistes.
Argistis II of Urartu, raids of Cimmerians and Scythians, 461.
Arioch (ä´ri-ok), the Biblical, Warad-Sin as, 247, 248.
Arithmetic, finger counting in Babylonia and India, 310; development of, 312.
Ark, in flood legend, 191 et seq.
Arles money, Babylonian farm labourers received, 256.
Armenia, Thunder god of, 261, 395; goddess Anaitis in, 267, See Urartu.
Armenians, the use of cradle board by, 4, 5; ancestors of, 283.
Armenoid Race, the, in Semitic blend, 10; in Asia Minor, Syria, and Europe, 11, 262; traces of in prehistoric Egypt, 11, 263, 264; in Palestine, 12; culture of, 315.
Arnold, Edwin, xxii.
Arpad (är´pad) in reign of Tiglathpileser IV, 446, 447.
Arrow, a symbol of lightning and fertility, 337; Ashur's and the goddess Neith's, 337n. See Archer, the Astral.
Art, magical origin of, 288.
Artaxerxes, 497.
Artemis (är´te-mis), the goddess, lovers slain by, 104; as wind hag, 104; the "Great Bear" myth and, 296.
Artisan gods, Ea, Ptah, Khnumu, and Indra as, 30.
Aruru (ar´ü-rü), the mother goddess, 100, 160, 420; assists Merodach to create mankind, 148; in Gilgamesh legend, 172 et seq.
Aryans (ā´ri-ans), Mitannians as, 269, 270; Kassites and, 270.
Asa, King of Judah, burning at grave of, 350; images destroyed by, 403; appeal for aid to Damascus, 404; death of, 407.
Asari (ä-sä´ri), Merodach as, and Osiris, 159.
Ash´dod, Cyprian King of, 458, 459.
Ashtoreth (äsh-tō´reth), Ishtar and, 100; lovers of, 103; goddesses that link with, 267; worship of at Samaria, 439; also rendered Ash´ta-roth.
Ashur (ä´shur), Asura theory, 278; as Aushar, "water field", the "Holy One", and Anshar, 326; the Biblical patriarch, 327; "Ashir" and Cappadocia, 327; Brahma and, 328; as Creator, 329; bull, eagle, and lion identified with, 330; connected with sun, Regulus, Arcturus, and Orion, 331; King and, 331; Isaiah's parable, 331; as bull of heaven, 334; winged disk or "wheel" of, 334, 335; standard of as "world spine", 335; the archer in "wheel", 335; despiritualization theory, 335, 336; the solar archer as Merodach, Hercules, and Gilgamesh, 336; the arrow of, 337; Babylonian deities and, 337; Babylonian and Persian influences, 338; as god of fertility, &c., 339; Assyrian civilization reflected by, 340; as corn god and war god, 340; the Biblical Nisroch, 341; the eagle and, 343; Ezekiel's references to life wheel, 344 et seq.; fire cult and, 346; Indian wheel symbol, 346, 347; Persian wheel or disk, 347; wheels of Shamash and Ishtar, 347; the Egyptian Ankh, 347; Hittite winged disk, 347, 348; Sandan and, 347, 348; Attis and, 348; son of Ea like Merodach, 348; aided by fires and sacrifices, 351; disk a symbol of life, fertility, &c., 351; the lightning arrow, 352; temples of and worship of, 352; close association of with kings, 352, 353; association of with moon god, 353; astral phase of, 354; Jastrow's view, 354; Pinches on Merodach and Osiris links, 354; as patriarch, corn god, &c, 354, 355; spouse of, 355; a Baal, 355; earthquake destroys temple of, 363; Shalmaneser I obtains treasure for, 366; Esarhaddon builds temple to, 476; Sennacherib murdered in temple of, 470; Ahura Mazda and, 496. See Ässhur, the

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