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Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 173

SAM'SI-A'DAD IV. Rawlinson discovers stele of, 346
SAM'SI-RAM'MON. Son of Shalmaneser II;
succeeds his father as King of Assyria, 24;
Sammuramat favourite of, 24;
Asshur mentioned in inscription of, 208
SANCH-UN-I-A'THON. Philo and, preserved in works of Eusebius, 329
SAOSHYANT. The saviour, in Zoroaster's religion, 337
SAR-AG-AG'AM. Variants of Merodach, 202
SAR-A'KOS. Greek equivalent for Sin-sarkin, 36
SAR-DA-NA-PAL'US THE SPLENDID. Assur-bani-pal known to Greek legend as, 31;
King of Assyria, 31;
reference to, in The Golden Bough, 32;
Sir James Frazer on, 32, 34;
prominent features in legends of, 33;
weaving of legend of, 34
SAR'GON.
I. Of Akkad, founds first great Semitic empire in Babylonia, 16;
a Babylonian Arthur, 16, 21;
the legend of his birth, 16, 17;
invasions of Syria and Palestine, 17;
Elam and N. Mesopotamia overcome by, 17;
Naram-Sin son of, 17, 19;
letters franked by clay seals bearing name of Sargon, 18;
first founder of Babylonian library, 18;
bricks discovered with name of, on, 47;
Asshur's conquering power and, 210, 211;
King Azuri and, 210;
Ahimiti and, 210;
Yaran and, 210;
Sin and, 223;
Bel and, 227;
Nabu termed 'that Seer who guides the gods,' 228;
'Builder of the Temple of En-lil,' 247;
hepatoscopy and, 283;
palace built by, unearthed at Nineveh, 340;
George Smith finds fragments of history of, 352.
II. Usurping general, claimed descent from Sargon the Great, 30;
father of Sennacherib, 30
SAR'RA-PAN-U. Tiglath-pileser II captures, 299
SASS-AN'I-AN. Rulers, 333
SAT'URN. Identified with Ninib, 235
SAUL-MU-GI'NA. Rebellious brother of Assur-bani-pal, 304
SCHRADER. Assyrian poetry and, 321, 322
SCIENCE. Star-worship the origin of, 237;
the roots of, 259
SCILLY ISLANDS. Phœnicians in, 331
SCOR'PIO, SIGN OF. Gilgamesh and, 182
SCOTLAND. Goat-demon adored in, 293
SCULPTURE-S. Discovery of, glorifying Assur-nazir-pal, 343;
Babylonian, discovered by de Sarzec, 355
SCYTHIAN-S. Penetrate into Assyria, 36
SED'U. A guardian (sometimes an evil) spirit invoked with the Lamassu, 277
SEL-EU'CI-A. City, built out of ruins of Babylon, 42
SEM-IR'A-MIS THE GREAT. Assyrian Queen, 24-29;
legendary origin, 25;
wife of Onnes, and later of Ninus, 26;
Ninyas son of, 26;
engages in battle Strabrobates, King of India, 27;
fame of, 28, 29;
Sammuramat, her Assyrian title, 29;
wife of Samsi-Rammon, 29;
mythical connexion with Ishtar, 29;
worshipped by the Syrians, 27;
esteemed as the daughter of Dercatus, 27;
district round Lake Van called after, Shamiramagerd, 28
SEMITES. Germs of culture received from Akkadians by Babylonian, 13;
their love of wisdom, 14, 15;
Babylon entered by, 15, 16;
believed to have come from Arabia, 15, 16;
made by the code of Khammurabi, 21;
ancient, and gods, 89;
serpent loathed by, 289;
animistic influences; appeal of, to, 318
SEMITIC. Empire, first great, founded in Babylonia by Sargon of Akkad, 16;
religious thought, 235;
worship and, lamentations, 253;
polytheism, 313;
conservatism, 316;
cults; Babylonian influence upon, 324;
religion, 329, 331;
peoples; a 'peculiar people,' 332;
faith, includes various manifestations, 332
SEN-NACH'E-RIB. Son of usurping general Sargon, 30;
campaign of, against Hezekiah, 30;
Nineveh built by, 30;
Esar-haddon son of, 31;
takes nucleus of Assur-bani-pal's library from Calah, 154;
soothsayers and his death, 260;
Layard's discoveries in palace of, 345
SERPENT. The ancients and the, 289;
equivalent, Aibu ('the enemy'), 289
SET. Osiris and, reference to, 133
SET-A'PO. A wealthy Babylonian who harbours Sinonis, 59
'SEVEN SPHERES, THE STAGES OF.' A building, the wonder of Borsippa, 104
SEVEN TABLETS. Of creation; primary object of, 71
SHAD'RACH. One of Daniel's companions, 38
SHAL-MA-NE'SER I. King of Assyria, 22, 308;
Tukulti-in-Aristi, son of, 22;
Nusku and, 224;
inscription of, unearthed by George Smith, 351
SHAL-MA-NE'SER II. King of Assyria in succession to Assur-nazir-pal III, 24;
Overthrows Ahab, King of Israel, 24;
Samsi-Rammon son of, 24;
the god Dáda and, 189;
Merodach (Bel) and, 225, 227;
discovery of obelisk of, 343;
dedications of, unearthed, 351
SHAL-MA-NE'SER IV. Successor of Tiglath-pileser III, 30
SHAM'ASH.
1. Temple of, at Sippar, restored by Nabonidus, 41;
adored at Sippar, 94;
the sun-god, 109-111;
son of Sin, 109;
Aa, consort of, 110;
Ishtar and, 130;
Gilgamesh and, 156, 165;
Khammurabi and, 187;
Zu captured by, 195;
Merodach and, 200;
cult of, in Assyria, 222, 223;
seventh month sacred to, 236;
a Canaanitish god, 325;
Nabonidus and, 377.
2. The great idol of, 249
SHAR'RU-ILU. One of the lesser Babylonian gods, 229
SHATT-EN-NÎL. Excavations along bank of, by Haynes, 365
SHE'BA, QUEEN OF. Tiglath-pileser II quarrels with, 301
SHEPHERD. The sun the, of the stars, 236;
En-lil, of the dark-headed people, 254
SHEPHERD KING, THE. Daon, of Pantibiblon, 112
SHI'NAR, PLAIN OF. Babylon built on, 52
SHUL-GUR. Variant of Nin-Girsu, 144
SHU-RIPP'AK.
1. Son of Ubara-Tutu, 173.
2. City of, 177, 178
SHU'TU. Variant of South Wind, 117
SI'BI. The god, 108
SICILY. Worship of Ashtart (Ishtar) at, 327
SID'DA. The temple, 306
SI'DON. Tyre and, in touch with Assyria, 327;
Ashtart or Ishtar, temple of, in, 327;
Eshmun worshipped at, 328
SIGN-S. Gemini, Leo, Virgo, Taurus, Scorpio, 182;
Capricornus, Aquarius, Pisces, 183
SILENCE, TOWERS OF. Parsis' dead and the, 336
SIN (perhaps pron. Siñ). The moon-god,

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