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Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 172

146-149
PAT-E'CHUS. God; a repulsive monster, 330
PATRIARCH, THE. See Abram
PER-SEPH'O-NÉ or PROS'ER-PINE. Reference to, 132, 201;
corresponds to Allatu, 132
PER-SE'POLIS. Reference to, 61;
language found at, deciphered by Löwenstern and Hinks, 65;
Longpérier translated language found at, 66
PER'SE-US. Reference to, 87
PERSIAN-S. Signs in connexion with cuneiform writing, 60-66;
religion of (Zoroaster's), 332-336, etc.;
fear of defilement, 335
PETERS, DR. Director of American expeditions, 358, 359, 364, 365
PHIL-IS'T'I-A. Sargon's expedition against, 210, 211
PHŒ-NIC'I-A. Worship of Moloch in, 328
PHŒNICIAN-S. The Gods of the, 326-329;
religion; Egyptian influence, 328
PICTURE-WRITING. Cuneiform and, 66. See Writing
PIR-Æ'US. Port of Athens, 328
PIS'CES, SIGN OF. Eabani and, 183
PLACE, VICTOR. Botta's work at Khorsabad, continued by, 340
PLANET-S. Identified with gods, 235
PLUTARCH. Isis (Astarte) and, 328
PLU'TO. Reference to, 133
POETRY. Assyrian, 321, 322
POLGARTH. Phœnician word 'city' and, 331
POL-Y-HIS'TOR, ALEXANDER. God Ea and, 112, 113
POLYTHEISM. Semitic, 313
Pop'ol Vuh. Reference to, 97, 151
POS-EI'DON. Greek god, 315
PRAYER-S. To the sun-god, etc., 67, 68
PRIEST-S. Akkadian tongue preserved by Babylonian, 14;
those of Lagash became kings, 16;
high, of Asshur, took title of king, 21, 208;
sole mythographers, 191;
-hood, cult and temples, 239-241;
wizards and, 260;
-magician; the chamber of the, 270-275;
liver-reading by, 282;
of Thebes, Memphis, and On, 314;
of Nippur and Erech, 314
PRIESTESSES. In Babylonia, 240, 241
PRIEST-HOOD. See Priests
PRISONER-GODS. Assyrian rulers and, 225, 226
PRO-ME'THE-US. Lugalbanda and, 93;
Zu and, 195
PSALMS, BOOK OF THE. National, not individual, 320;
Poetical form of, 322
PU'NIC. Religion, 330
PURIFICATION, 270;
by water, in connexion with Babylonian magic, 270
PÛRIM. Feast of, 140, 141


Q

QAL'AT SHER'QAT. Annals of Tiglath-pileser I discovered by Rawlinson, 346;
Dr Andrae's excavations at, 356


R

RA. Worship of, in Egypt, 223
RAB'BAT UM'MA. 'The Great Mother,' 330
RAB-I'SU. A lurking demon, 276, 277
RACES. Asia Minor peopled with diverse, 324
RACHEL. The stolen images and, 266-268
RACH'MET. Reference to, 61
RAM'MAN, 175; equivalent, Rimmon;
identified with Hadad or Adad, 187-189;
the Tablets of Destiny and, 195;
popularity and functions, 217-222;
weapons of, 218;
worship of, in days of Khammurabi and Nebuchadrezzar I, 219;
Assur-nazir-pal and, 219;
Attributes and signification, 218-222;
eleventh month sacred to, 237
RAM'MAN-NIR-A'RI I. The Annunaki and Igigi and, 90
RAM'MAN-NI-RA'RI III. Nabu exalted at expense of Asshur by, 228
RASH'NU. Mithra and, 337
RASS'AM, MR HOR'MUZD. Assur-bani-pal's library at Nineveh and, 35;
his archæological researches at Nineveh and at Abu-habba, 47;
stone tablet found at Sippard by, 292;
researches at Nimrûd, 342, 344. 346, 354. 355
RAWLINSON, MAJOR (SIR) HENRY. Cuneiform writing and, 64-66;
his discovery re Nebuchadrezzar, 104;
Layard and, 342, 344, 345, 346
RED INDIANS. Titles of months and, 236
REINACH. Reference to, 334
RELIGION-S. Akkadian tongue used as a sacred language by Babylonian priesthood, 14;
early Babylonian, 88-153;
Jewish, 88;
of ancient Mexico, 88;
Vedic, of India, 88;
Semitic influence on Babylonian, 91, 92;
official system of Babylonian and Assyrian, 92;
Semitic, Euphrates-Tigris influence on, 92;
totemism in Babylonian, 92;
system of, in Babylonia, overshadowed by Merodach, 199;
Jastrow's Religion in Babylonia and Assyria quoted, 199, 212;
star-worship, the origin of, 237;
of the Semites quoted, 91, 241, 332;
cult of the gods, 292;
comparative value of the, of Babylonia and Assyria, 313-336 and on;
Teutonic and Celtic, comparisons, 316;
Babylonian, typically animistic, 317, 318;
worship of great earth-mother, 318, 319;
Jewish, 319-329;
Canaanite, 324-326;
Carthaginian, 329;
Semitic, 329, 331;
Punic, 330;
Mohammedanism, 313, 332;
of the Persians (Zoroaster), 332-337;
of Babylonians, 338;
decay of Babylonian, 378, 379
RESH'EPH. Known to the Canaanites, 326;
the lightning god; origin; identified with Apollo, 328
RHO-DA'NES. Romance of Sinonis and, 56-60
RIM'AT-BEL'IT. Mother of Gilgamesh, 158;
interprets Gilgamesh's dream, 164
RIM'MON. See Rammon
RITUAL. Lamentation at Nippur, 199, 200;
of hepatoscopy, 283-288;
Zoroastrian fire worship central feature of, 335


S

SABBATIC GOAT. Witchcraft of Middle Ages and the, 293
SAB-I'TU. The sea-goddess; Gilgamesh and, 172;
sign Capricornus and, 183
SAC'A. One of the two eunuchs appointed to watch Rhodanes and Sinonis, 57
SAC-Æ'A. The Asiatic equivalent of the Saturnalia, 33;
Festival of Zakmuk, or, 141
SACRIFICE-S. Babylonian, 241, 242
SADI-RAB'U-MA-TA'TI. The great mountain of the earth, 305
SAG'GAL. Temple of Merodach, 305
SAK'ON. Carthaginian deity, 330
SAM-AS-SUM-YU'KIN. Viceroy of Babylonia, 34;
raises revolt in Assyrian empire, 34;
his death, 34
SAM'KHAT. Goddess of joy, 131
SAM-MUR'A-MUT. Assyrian title of Semiramis. See Semiramis

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