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Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 171

NE-BICH-AD-REZ'ZAR I. Ramman and, 219
NEBUCHADREZZAR II (or NEBUCHADNEZZAR). King of Babylonia, reign of, 36-40;
invades Egypt, 37;
wars against Jerusalem, 37;
puts Jehoiakim to death, 37;
sets up Zedekiah as King of Jerusalem, 37;
Daniel and, 37-40;
his dreams, 37-40;
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, and, 38;
ruins of palace of, explored in 1899, 47;
Sir H. C. Rawlinson's discovery re, 104;
Shamash's temple restored by, 249;
Dr Andrae's discovery re, 356;
Merodach and, 377
NEBUCHADREZZAR III. King of Babylonia, 41
NEM'ART. See Nimrod
NER'GAL. Temple of, at Cuthah, 82, 296;
of Cuthah, 94;
patron god of Cuthah, 105;
not unlike Loki, 106;
Dibarra, variant of, 106;
Aralu and, 150, 151;
shade of Eabani, and, 180;
Mars and, 235;
Canaanitish war-god, 326;
worshipped by Phœnicians, 328
NEW YEAR. Assembly of gods at Babylon on first day of, 201;
Merodach and, 201;
Bau and, 251;
Gudea and, 251
NI-BI'RU, Merodach's star, 79
NIM'ROD. The mighty hunter, 49-56;
son of Chus, the Æthiop, 49;
a reputed descendant of Ham, 49;
figures in Biblical and Babylonian tradition, 49;
built Babylon, 50;
Greek named Nebrod or Nebros, 50;
identified with Merodach, Gilgamesh, and Orion, 50;
name found in Egyptian documents of XXII Dynasty as 'Nemart,' 50;
derivation of name may mean 'rebel,' 50;
legends of, related by Philo in his De Gigantibus, 50;
Abram and, 51-56;
King of Chaldea, 52;
suggested identity with Gilgamesh, 156
NIM'RÛD. Sir Henry Layard's excavations at, 340, 342-344;
Rassam's searches at, 344;
George Smith's searches at, 348-354
NIN-A-GAL. Variant of Ea, 116
NIN'EV-EH. Built by Sennacherib, 31;
Assur-bani-pal's library at, 35, 71, 154, 346;
archæological researches of Layard and Botta at, 46;
George Smith's labours at, 46;
Mr Hormuzd Rassam's work at, 47;
built by Asshur, 49;
tablet written for temple of Nergal discovered at, 82;
residence of Asshur, 207;
Ishtar's shrine in, 212;
M. Botta and site of, 339, 340;
Layard and, 344;
plan of, 357
NIN-GIR'SU. Name means 'Lord of Girsu,' 144;
known as Shulgur ('Lord of the corn heaps'), 144;
identified with Tammuz, 144;
variant, Ninib, 214, 216;
favourite of Gudea, 251;
temple of, 283
NIN'IB, 84, 175;
a war-god, 214;
variant of, Nin-girsu, 214, 216;
Tiglath-pileser I, Assur-rishishi, Assur-nazir-pal, and, 214;
as hunter-god, 216;
extolled by Tiglath-pileser I, 216;
invoked by Assur-nazir-pal, 216;
Gula, consort of, 216;
Saturn and, 235;
translated as En-Mashti by Canaanites, 326
NIN-IGI-NAG'IR-SIR. Saved with Ea, etc., from deluge, 115
NIN-LIL. Variant of Beltis, 101;
consort of En-lil; Ishtar and, 124
NIN'NI. Variant of Innana, 187
NIN'SUM. Gilgamesh resorts to, 180
NI'NUS. King of Assyria, 25;
Semiramis, wife of, 25;
Ninyas, son of, 26
NIN'YAS. Son of Ninus; during minority of, Semiramis assumed
the regency, 26
NIPPUR. Babylonian civilization grouped round, 14;
god En-lil and, 14;
city of Ur colonized by, 15;
Mr Haynes' excavations at, 47, 359, 360, 365, 366;
temple of, 82;
cosmological tales at, 84;
of Sumerian origin, 96;
preferred to Babylon, 196;
lamentation ritual at, 199, 200;
temple of E-Kur at, 248;
business quarter of, unearthed, 359, 360;
stage-tower of, 361;
temple-tower of, 362
NIR'IG. God; variant, Enu-Restu; Bel, father of, 153
NIZ'AN. First month; sacred to Anu and Bel, 236
NO'AH. Patriarch, reference to, 45;
legend of deluge and Ea, 115;
variant, Ut-Napishtim, 116
NO-RETURN. Land of, 128
NU-DIM-MUD. Variant of name of Ea, 73;
Tiawath and, 76
NUMBERS. Assigned to each of the gods, 237, 238
NUS'KU. The messenger of Mul-lil, 68;
hymn to, 69;
temple of, 102;
of the 'Brilliant Sceptre,' 224, 225;
Nabu and, connected, 225;
eclipses and, 255


O

O-AN'NES. See Ea, 14
OBELISK. Of Shalmaneser II, 343
O-DA'CON. Appears from sea of Eruthra, 112
OMEN-S. Library of Sargon contained book dealing with, 18;
divination by, 281, 282
O-MOR'CA. Chaldaic equivalent, Thalath; Greek, thalassa, 114
ON'NES. One of Ninus' generals, husband of Semiramis, 25
OPPERT. French exploration expedition and, 347
O-RI'ON. Nimrod identified with, 50
O-SI'RIS. Isis and, reference to, 133;
reference to, 201, 228
'O-ZY-MAN'DI-AS.' Shelley's sonnet on, 307


P

PAINTINGS. Discovered in Sennacherib's palace at Kouyunjik, 345
PALACE-S. Built at Nineveh by Sargon; M. Botta unearths, 340;
Assyrian, two discovered at Nimrûd, 340;
built by Esar-haddon, unearthed by Layard, 343;
of Sennacherib, found by Layard, 345;
Assur-bani-pal's, discovered by Rawlinson, 346;
of Nimrûd, George Smith's excavations in, 348, 349;
Nebuchadrezzar's, excavated, 369-371
PALESTINE. Syria and, invaded by Sargon, 17;
worship of Hadad in, 188;
the Canaanites first dwellers in, 324
PALL'AS A-THÊ-NÉ. Reference to, 222, 315
PAN'THE-ON, ASSUR-BANI-PAL'S. Belit and Asshur in, 228
PANTHEON OF ASSYRIA, 203-230;
differences between the Babylonian and, 203, 204;
Dagon in, associated with Anu, 216, 217;
Bel-Merodach absorbed in the, 225;
Ea in the, 229;
Dibbarra, in the, 229
PANTHEON OF BABYLONIA.
1. Early. Prior to Khammurabi, 94, 95.
2. Later. General changes in and additions to, 184-198;
Bel's place usurped in the, by Merodach, 227;
spiritistic nature of, 318
PAP-SUK'AL. The messenger of the gods, 130
PARADISE. The Abyss and, 82
PAR'SÎS. Of Bombay, 334
PAR-SON'DES. Ctesias' tale re,

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